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Case Name Friendly House v. Whiting IM-AZ-0016
Docket / Court 2:10-cv-1061 ( D. Ariz. )
State/Territory Arizona
Case Type(s) Immigration
Attorney Organization ACLU Chapters (any)
MALDEF
Case Summary
On May 17, 2010, a group of organizations and individuals filed a lawsuit against the Sheriff and Attorney of each of the 15 counties in Arizona, in their official capacities, in the U.S. District Court of Arizona, Phoenix Division. The plaintiff, represented by organizations such as the ACLU and ... read more >
On May 17, 2010, a group of organizations and individuals filed a lawsuit against the Sheriff and Attorney of each of the 15 counties in Arizona, in their official capacities, in the U.S. District Court of Arizona, Phoenix Division. The plaintiff, represented by organizations such as the ACLU and the National Immigration Law Center along with private counsel, sought declaratory and injunctive relief, claiming that the recently enacted S.B. 1070 was a violation of the Supremacy Clause of the U.S. Constitution.

Specifically, the plaintiff contends that S.B. 1070 conflicts with federal law and procedures and that local law enforcement agencies are ill equipped to deal with the complexities of immigration law. For example, one provision of S.B. 1070 allows police officers to ask for identification during a routine stop if there is a "reasonable suspicion" that the individual is not a U.S. citizen. Plaintiffs claim that this provision was written primarily to provide a pretextual reason to stop an individual for some other state or local law violation in order to investigate that individual's immigration status. Immigration status, however, is not easily determined through an identification card of some kind--federal authorities may be aware of an individual's presence in the country but not be pursuing deportation proceedings. Plaintiffs contend that local law enforcement lacks the training and knowledge to investigate immigration status.

On June 4, 2010 the plaintiff filed a Motion for Preliminary Injunction. The court held a hearing on June 22, 2010 and ordered that the motions would be held under advisement.

On June 18, 2010, the court [Judge Susan R. Bolton] granted the State of Arizona's Motion to Intervene and also granted Governor Brewer's Motion to Intervene as defendants.

On June 25, 2010, the court granted the plaintiff's Motion to Transfer Related Case. In this order, the court allowed the transfer of four other cases challenging the constitutionality of S.B. 1070.

On October 8, 2010, the court granted in part and denied in part Motions to Dismiss filed by several of the defendants. The plaintiff's first Motion for Preliminary Injunction regarding certain provisions of S.B. 1070 was denied. At oral argument, the plaintiff withdrew their motion for preliminary injunction regarding part of S.B. 1070 based on a 9th Circuit Court of Appeals' decision in Comite de Jornaleros de Redondo Beach v. City of Redondo Beach. The court found that a preliminary injunction was moot because an injunction was already issued in the related case United States v. Arizona. This case and United States v. Arizona challenged enforcement of the same provisions of S.B. 1070.

On January 7, 2011, the plaintiff filed another motion requesting a preliminary injunction to enjoin the defendant from enforcing the provision of S.B. 1070 affected by the Redondo Beach case. On May 10, 2011, the court denied this motion without prejudice to its refiling at a later time because the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals had not yet issued their opinion from the en banc court.

In October 2011, plaintiffs filed an Amended Complaint and a third Motion for a Preliminary Injunction.

On February 29, 2012, the court granted the motion for a preliminary injunction and enjoined the defendants from enforcing A.R.S. § 13-2928 (A) and (B). This section of the law is intended to prevent employment solicitation on roadways where it interferes with the proper flow of traffic.

The State of Arizona, as an intervenor defendant, appealed the issuance of the preliminary injunction and on May 9, 2012, filed their opening brief with the U.S. Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit.

The plaintiff sought class action status in their original complaint and on December 12, 2011, plaintiffs filed a Motion to Certify Class. A ruling on that motion remains pending.

This case is related to United States v. Arizona, which went before the U.S. Supreme Court. United States v. Arizona is also a challenge to S.B. 1070 based on the Supremacy Clause and preemption by federal law. It is likely that an opinion in that case will effect the court's ruling for Friendly House v. Whiting.

On June 25, 2012, the U.S. Supreme Court announced its decision in U.S. v. Arizona, affirming in part and reversing in part. The Court held that several provisions of S.B. 1070 were properly enjoined but declined to strike down Section 2(B), which requires state police to check the immigration status of people arrested under non-immigration state law. The Court explained that the legality of the provision will depend on how it is construed--if it does not authorize extra detention time, it may be constitutional.

Following that Supreme Court decision, the plaintiffs in this case filed a Motion for Preliminary Injunction on July 17, 2012, seeking an injunction against two sections of the law. The plaintiffs requested that the court preliminarily enjoin §2(B) on preemption, Fourth Amendment, and Equal Protection Clause bases, and A.R.S. § 13-2929 on preemption grounds.

Elizabeth Daligga - 07/20/2012


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
Male
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Equal Protection
Discrimination-basis
Language discrimination
National origin discrimination
Race discrimination
General
Language/ethnic/minority needs
Racial profiling
Search policies
Immigration
Constitutional rights
Deportation - criteria
Deportation - procedure
Detention - criteria
Detention - procedures
Status/Classification
Undocumented immigrants - rights and duties
Undocumented immigrants - state and local regulation
National Origin/Ethnicity
Hispanic
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
42 U.S.C. § 1981
Defendant(s) County Attorney
County Sheriff
Plaintiff Description Plaintiffs are organizations and individuals
Indexed Lawyer Organizations ACLU Chapters (any)
MALDEF
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Pending
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Preliminary injunction / Temp. restraining order
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Yes
Case Listing IM-AZ-0015 : United States v. Arizona (D. Ariz.)
IM-AZ-0017 : League of United Latin American Citizens v. Arizona (D. Ariz.)
IM-AZ-0020 : Nat'l Coalition of Latino Clergy and Christian Leaders v. Arizona (D. Ariz.)
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Threats to the Future of the Immigration Class Action
Washington University Journal of Law and Policy
By: Jill E. Family (Widener University School of Law)
Citation: 27 Wash. U. J.L. & Pol'y 71 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
2:10-cv-1061 (D. Ariz.) 02/12/2013
IM-AZ-0016-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Order 10/08/2010 (D. Ariz.)
IM-AZ-0016-0002.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiff's Motion for Preliminary Injunction of A.R.S. §§ 13-2928 (A) and (B) and Memorandum in Support Thereof 01/07/2011
IM-AZ-0016-0003.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 05/10/2011 (D. Ariz.)
IM-AZ-0016-0004.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
First Amended Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief - Class Action 10/31/2011
IM-AZ-0016-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiff's Motion for Class Certification and Memorandum in Support Thereof 12/12/2011
IM-AZ-0016-0005.pdf | Detail
Order 02/29/2012 (846 F.Supp.2d 1053) (D. Ariz.)
IM-AZ-0016-0006.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Appellants' Opening Brief 05/09/2012
IM-AZ-0016-0007.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiffs' Proposed Motion for Preliminary Injunction and Memorandum of Points and Authorities in Support 07/17/2012
IM-AZ-0016-0008.pdf | Detail
Judges Bolton, Susan Ritchie (D. Ariz.)
IM-AZ-0016-0002 | IM-AZ-0016-0004 | IM-AZ-0016-0006 | IM-AZ-0016-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Berzon, Stephen P. (California)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Blackburne, Laura D. (New York)
IM-AZ-0016-0001 | IM-AZ-0016-9000
Boyd, Susan Traub (California)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Choi, Connie (California)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Dixon, Cynthia Valenzuela (California)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Espinoza-Madrigal, Ivan E (Texas)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Espiritu, Nicholas David (California)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Etcubanez, Marita (District of Columbia)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Flood, Kelly Joyce (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Guttentag, Lucas (New York)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Hoq, Laboni Amena (California)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Huerta, Alvaro M. (California)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Jadwat, Omar C. (New York)
IM-AZ-0016-0001 | IM-AZ-0016-0003 | IM-AZ-0016-0005 | IM-AZ-0016-0008 | IM-AZ-0016-9000
Joaquin, Linton (California)
IM-AZ-0016-0001 | IM-AZ-0016-9000
Karp, Jessica Devlin (California)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Keaney, Melissa S. (California)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Kung, Lisa (California)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Lai, Anne (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Leiderman, Aaron G (California)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Limon, Gladys (California)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Lyall, James Duff (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Miller, Yuval (California)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Mittal, Vivek (California)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Miyake, Lika Cynthia (California)
IM-AZ-0016-0005 | IM-AZ-0016-9000
Moghadam, Tanaz (New York)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Morris, Kimberley A. (California)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Neubauer, Elisabeth Jill (California)
IM-AZ-0016-0003 | IM-AZ-0016-9000
Newman, Chris (California)
IM-AZ-0016-0001 | IM-AZ-0016-9000
OCampo, Carmina (California)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Ortega, Daniel R. Jr. (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-0001 | IM-AZ-0016-9000
Park, Yungsuhn (California)
IM-AZ-0016-0001 | IM-AZ-0016-0003 | IM-AZ-0016-9000
Perales, Nina (Texas)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Phillips, Bradley S. (California)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Pochoda, Daniel Joseph (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-0001 | IM-AZ-0016-0003 | IM-AZ-0016-9000
Preciado, Nora (California)
IM-AZ-0016-0005 | IM-AZ-0016-9000
Raghupathi, Harini (California)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Remar, Robert Steven (California)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Saenz, Thomas A. (California)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Su, Julie A (California)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Sugarman, Kenneth John (California)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Tajmiri, Ghazal (California)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Thomas, Phil A (California)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Tumlin, Karen C. (California)
IM-AZ-0016-0003 | IM-AZ-0016-0008 | IM-AZ-0016-9000
Viramontes, Victor (California)
IM-AZ-0016-0001 | IM-AZ-0016-0003 | IM-AZ-0016-0005 | IM-AZ-0016-0008 | IM-AZ-0016-9000
Wang, Cecillia D (California)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Watford, Paul Jeffrey (California)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Weissglass, Jonathan (California)
IM-AZ-0016-0003 | IM-AZ-0016-9000
Ybarra, Joseph J (California)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Ziegler, Margaret Grace (California)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Adams, Joseph G (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Albo, Joe A. Jr. (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Angle, Kenneth Andrew (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Archerd, Erin (California)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Bergin, Brian McCormack (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Bodkin, Sean Aloysius (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Bouma, John J (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-0007 | IM-AZ-0016-9000
Buckelew, Robert Glenn (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Chambers, Bryan B. (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Fields, Jack Hamilton (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Fields, Isaiah (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Florescue, June Ava (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Hanson, Britt Wesley (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Henry, Robert Arthur (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Horne, Thomas C. (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Jurkowitz, Daniel S. (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Kanefield, Joseph Andrew (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Kerekes, William J. (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Kszywienski, Kelly Ann (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
LaMar, Steven A. (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Latham, Michael Dennis (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Longo, Anne Cecile (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
McCarthy, Michael William (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Moore, Jason Stanley (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Munns, Christopher Arthur (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
OGrady, Mary Ruth (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Payette, Lance B. (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Roll, Chris Myrl (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Romero, George Jacob (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Sciarrotta, Joseph Jr. (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-0007 | IM-AZ-0016-9000
Taylor, Robert Alexander (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Tryon, G Michael (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-0007 | IM-AZ-0016-9000
White, Bruce P. (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Whiting, Michael B (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Wilcox, Jean E (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Young, Joseph D. (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0016-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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