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Case Name Windsor v. United States PB-NY-0017
Docket / Court 1:10-cv-08435-BSJ-JCF ( S.D.N.Y. )
State/Territory New York
Case Type(s) Public Benefits / Government Services
Case Summary
This is the case in which, on June 26, 2013, the Supreme Court held the Defense of Marriage Act unconstitutional, because it stigmatizes same sex couples and violates the Equal Protection Clause.

On November 9, 2010, a woman serving as the executor of the estate of her late same-sex ... read more >
This is the case in which, on June 26, 2013, the Supreme Court held the Defense of Marriage Act unconstitutional, because it stigmatizes same sex couples and violates the Equal Protection Clause.

On November 9, 2010, a woman serving as the executor of the estate of her late same-sex spouse filed a lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and 26 U.S.C. § 7422 against the United States in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York. The plaintiff, represented by the national and state ACLU and by private counsel, asked the court for injunctive and monetary relief, alleging a violation of equal protection. Specifically, the plaintiff claimed that operation of Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) to require her to pay federal estate tax, a tax from which opposite-sex spouses are exempt, on the estate of her same-sex spouse violated the equal protection component of the due process clause of the Fifth Amendment.

The plaintiff first met her late spouse in 1963, in New York City, and entered into a committed relationship with her shortly thereafter. On 1993, the couple registered as domestic partners in New York City, and in 2007, with the late spouse’s health failing, the couple decided to marry in Canada, where same-sex marriage was legal. In 2009, plaintiff’s late-spouse passed away, and plaintiff was forced to pay $363,053 in federal estate tax, because under DOMA she did not qualify for the unqualified marital deduction. Plaintiff decided to commence a suit seeking to enjoin DOMA and to receive a refund of the tax she had been made to pay under it.

On February 25, 2011, the Department of Justice, representing the defendant, notified the court that it had come to the conclusion that DOMA is unconstitutional and that it would thus cease defending it. In response, on April 18, 2011, the Bipartisan Legal Advisory Group of the House of Representatives (BLAG) moved to intervene in defense of the act, and the Court (Magistrate Judge James C. Francis) granted its motion on June 2, 2011.

On June 24, 2011, plaintiff moved for summary judgment, and on August 1, BLAG moved to dismiss plaintiff’s complaint.

On June 6, 2012, the Court (Judge Barbara S. Jones) addressed both motions, denying BLAG’s motion to dismiss and granting plaintiff’s motion for summary judgment. Windsor v. United States, No. 1:10-cv-08435, 2012 WL 2019716 (S.D.N.Y. June 6, 2012). The Court found as a threshold matter that plaintiff had standing to pursue the suit because the State of New York recognized same-sex marriages legally conducted in other jurisdictions in 2009, and thus plaintiff's Canadian marriage was recognized under New York law. It went on to find that there was no rational basis for Section 3 of DOMA, and declared that section unconstitutional and awarded plaintiff the $363,053 refund she sought.

BLAG appealed the District Court's decision to the Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit on June 8, 2012, and the Department of Justice appealed on June 14. The plaintiff filed a motion to expedite the appeal, and on June 22, 2012 the Court of Appeals granted the motion and scheduled oral argument for the week of September 24, 2012.

On July 16, 2012, the plaintiff filed a petition for a writ of certiorari in the Supreme Court before judgment in the Court of Appeals, citing her age and failing health and the number of other petitions before the Court on the same issue (e.g. Bipartisan Legal Advisory Group of the U.S. House of Representatives v. Gill , No. 12-13 [PB-MA-0006], Department of Health & Human Services v. Massachusetts, No. 12-15 [PB-MA-0005], Office of Personnel Management v. Golinski, No. 12-16 [PB-CA-0031]) as considerations.

On October 18, 2012, a three-judge panel of the Second Circuit affirmed the District Court's judgment in a 2-to-1 decision. Windsor v. United States, No. 12-2335 (2d Cir. Oct. 18, 2012). The majority, in an opinion penned by Chief Judge Dennis G. Jacobs, held that classifications based on sexual orientation should be subject to intermediate scrutiny, and that Section 3 of DOMA could not withstand that standard of review. They declined to address whether Section 3 would pass muster under a lower standard. Judge Chester J. Straub, in dissent, would have held that rational basis review was the appropriate level of scrutiny and that DOMA passed it.

On December 7, 2012, the Supreme Court granted certiorari review, ordering briefing on the questions (1) whether DOMA was constitutional, under the Equal Protection Clause, (2) whether the Executive Branch’s agreement with the court below that DOMA is unconstitutional deprives the Supreme Court of jurisdiction to decide this case; and (3) whether the Bipartisan Legal Advisory Group of the United States House of Representatives has Article III standing in this case. Argument is scheduled for March 27, 2013. On December 11, the Supreme Court appointed Vicki Jackson, a professor of constitutional law at Harvard Law School, as an amicus curiae to argue questions (2) and (3).

(On December 27, BLAG sought certiorari in its own right to ensure that the Supreme Court can still rule on Section 3 of DOMA in the event that the Supreme Court finds that it lacks jurisdiction to rule due to the DOJ's agreement with the 2nd Circuit.)

On June 26, 2013, the Supreme Court held that the case was justiciable, and struck down DOMA as an affront to the Equal Protection rights of same-sex couples. Justice Kennedy wrote for the 5-person majority, and explained:
"The Constitution’s guarantee of equality 'must at the very least mean that a bare congressional desire to harm a politically unpopular group cannot' justify disparate treatment of that group. Department of Agriculture v. Moreno, 413 U. S. 528, 534–535 (1973). In determining whether a law is motived by animproper animus or purpose, '[d]iscriminations of an unusual character’” especially require careful consideration. Supra, at 19 (quoting Romer, supra, at 633). DOMA cannot survive under these principles." "DOMA’s principal effect is to identify a subset of state sanctioned marriages and make them unequal. The principal purpose is to impose inequality."

The Court emphasized that it was NOT holding that states had to allow same-sex marriages: "This opinion and its holding are confined to . . . lawful marriages," it said.

Chief Justice Roberts wrote separately to emphasize that the decision rested on federalism principles, and did not entail the unconstitutionality of state bans on same-sex marriage. Justice Scalia wrote separately (joined by Justice Thomas and by the Chief Justice in part) to opine that the Court lacked Article III jurisdiction over the case, and that DOMA was constitutional. Justice Alito wrote separately (joined on the merits by Justice Thomas), taking the position that "BLAG" (the House Republicans) had standing, and that DOMA was constitutional.

- 03/18/2013


compress summary

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Equal Protection
Content of Injunction
Preliminary relief granted
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
Discrimination-basis
Sexual orientatation
General
Gay/lesbian/transgender
Government Services (specify)
Marriage
Public benefits (includes, e.g., in-state tuition, govt. jobs)
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) The United States of America
Plaintiff Description A woman serving as the executor of the estate of her late same-sex spouse
Indexed Lawyer Organizations ACLU Chapters (any)
ACLU National (all projects)
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Damages
Injunction / Injunctive-like Private Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement
Order Duration 2012 - n/a
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Links Oyez: Windsor v. United States
Oyez.com
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
1:10-cv-08435-BSJ-JCF (S.D.N.Y.) 06/07/2012
PB-NY-0017-9000 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
12-307 (U.S. Supreme Court) 06/26/2013
PB-NY-0017-9001 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Amended Complaint 02/02/2011
PB-NY-0017-0001 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [Denying Defendants' Motions to Dimiss and Granting Plaintiff's Motion for Summary Judgment] 06/06/2012 (833 F.Supp.2d 394) (S.D.N.Y.)
PB-NY-0017-0002 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[Plaintiff's] Petition for Writ of Certiorari Before Judgment 07/16/2012
PB-NY-0017-0003 PDF | Detail
[United States'] Petition for Writ of Certiorari Before Judgment 08/31/2012
PB-NY-0017-0011 PDF | Detail
[BLAG's] Brief in Opposition [to Plaintiff's Petition for Writ of Certiorari Before Judgment] 08/31/2012
PB-NY-0017-0012 PDF | Detail
[Plaintiff's] Reply in Support of Petition for Writ of Certiorari Before Judgement 09/05/2012
PB-NY-0017-0013 PDF | Detail
[Plaintiff's] Response in Support of Writ of Certiorari Before Judgement 10/10/2012
PB-NY-0017-0005 PDF | Detail
[Second Circuit] Opinion [Affirming the District Court's Judgment] 10/18/2012 (699 F.3d 169)
PB-NY-0017-0004 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
[BLAG's] Brief in Opposition [to the United States' Petition for Writ of Certiorari Before Judgment] 10/19/2012
PB-NY-0017-0006 PDF | Detail
Supplemental Brief for the United States [in Support of Its Petition for Writ of Certiorari Before Judgment] 10/26/2012
PB-NY-0017-0007 PDF | Detail
Supplemental Brief for [BLAG in Opposition to Petitions of Plaintiff and United States for Writ of Certiorari Before Judgment] 11/01/2012
PB-NY-0017-0008 PDF | Detail
Reply Brief for the United States [in Support of Its Petition for Writ of Certiorari] 11/08/2012
PB-NY-0017-0009 PDF | Detail
On Petition For a Writ of Certiorari (GRANTED) 12/07/2012 (133 S.Ct. 786)
PB-NY-0017-0025 PDF | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
United States v. Windsor - Brief on the Merits for [BLAG] 01/22/2013
PB-NY-0017-0015 PDF | Detail
Document Source: ABA Supreme Court Briefs
United States v. Windsor - Brief For Court-Appointed Amica Curiae Addressing Jurisdiction 01/24/2013
PB-NY-0017-0016 PDF | Detail
Document Source: ABA Supreme Court Briefs
United States v. Windsor - Brief Amicus Curiae of United States Conference of Catholic Bishops In Support of [BLAG] 01/29/2013
PB-NY-0017-0017 PDF | Detail
Document Source: ABA Supreme Court Briefs
United States v. Windsor - Brief Addressing the Merits of the State of Indiana and 16 Other States as Amici Curiae in Support of Respondent the Bipartisan Legal Advisory Group of the U.S. House of Representatives 01/29/2013
PB-NY-0017-0022 PDF | Detail
Document Source: ABA Supreme Court Briefs
United States v. Windsor - Brief on the Merits of Amici Curiae [Various United States Senators] in Support of Respondent the Bipartisan Legal Advisory Group of the U.S. House of Representatives 01/29/2013
PB-NY-0017-0023 PDF | Detail
Document Source: ABA Supreme Court Briefs
United States v. Windsor - Brief on the Jurisdictional Questions For Respondent Edith Schlain Windsor 02/22/2013
PB-NY-0017-0018 PDF | Detail
Document Source: ABA Supreme Court Briefs
United States v. Windsor - Brief for the United States on the Merits Question 02/22/2013
PB-NY-0017-0019 PDF | Detail
Document Source: ABA Supreme Court Briefs
United States v. Windsor - Brief on Jurisdiction for Respondent the Bipartisan Legal Advisory Group of the U.S. House of Representatives [BLAG] 02/22/2013
PB-NY-0017-0020 PDF | Detail
Document Source: ABA Supreme Court Briefs
United States v. Windsor - Brief on the Jurisdictional Questions for Respondent Edith Schlain Windsor 02/22/2013
PB-NY-0017-0021 PDF | Detail
Document Source: ABA Supreme Court Briefs
Brief on the Merits for Respondent Edith Schlain Windsor 02/26/2013
PB-NY-0017-0024 PDF | Detail
[Supreme Court Opinions] 06/26/2013 (133 S.Ct. 2675)
PB-NY-0017-0026 PDF | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Judges Alito, Samuel A. Jr. (Third Circuit, Supreme Court)
PB-NY-0017-0026
Francis, James C. IV (S.D.N.Y.) [Magistrate]
PB-NY-0017-9000
Jacobs, Dennis G. (Second Circuit)
PB-NY-0017-0004
Jones, Barbara S. (S.D.N.Y.)
PB-NY-0017-0002 | PB-NY-0017-0011 | PB-NY-0017-9000
Kennedy, Anthony McLeod (Ninth Circuit, Supreme Court)
PB-NY-0017-0026
Roberts, John Glover Jr. (D.C. Circuit, Supreme Court)
PB-NY-0017-0026
Scalia, Antonin (D.C. Circuit, Supreme Court)
PB-NY-0017-0026
Straub, Chester J. (Second Circuit)
PB-NY-0017-0004
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Alvare, Helen (Virginia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Block, Joshua A (New York)
PB-NY-0017-0018 | PB-NY-0017-0021 | PB-NY-0017-0024
Cooper, Leslie (New York)
PB-NY-0017-0018 | PB-NY-0017-0021 | PB-NY-0017-0024
Delery, Stuart F. (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-0011 | PB-NY-0017-0019
Deutsch, Ruthanne M. (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-0016
Ehrlich, Andrew J. (New York)
PB-NY-0017-0001 | PB-NY-0017-0003 | PB-NY-0017-0005 | PB-NY-0017-0013 | PB-NY-0017-0024 | PB-NY-0017-9000
Eisenberg, Arthur (New York)
PB-NY-0017-0001 | PB-NY-0017-0003 | PB-NY-0017-0005 | PB-NY-0017-0013 | PB-NY-0017-0018 | PB-NY-0017-0021 | PB-NY-0017-0024 | PB-NY-0017-9000
Esseks, James Dixon (New York)
PB-NY-0017-0001 | PB-NY-0017-0003 | PB-NY-0017-0005 | PB-NY-0017-0013 | PB-NY-0017-0018 | PB-NY-0017-0021 | PB-NY-0017-0024 | PB-NY-0017-9000
Fink, Julie E. (New York)
PB-NY-0017-0024
Fisher, Jeffrey L. (California)
PB-NY-0017-0003 | PB-NY-0017-0005 | PB-NY-0017-0013 | PB-NY-0017-0018 | PB-NY-0017-0021 | PB-NY-0017-0024
Flentje, August E. (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-0011 | PB-NY-0017-0019
Gilbert, Helen L (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-0011 | PB-NY-0017-0019
Goodman, Melissa (New York)
PB-NY-0017-0003 | PB-NY-0017-0013 | PB-NY-0017-9000
Hirose, Mariko (New York)
PB-NY-0017-0003 | PB-NY-0017-0005 | PB-NY-0017-0013 | PB-NY-0017-0018 | PB-NY-0017-0021 | PB-NY-0017-0024
Jackson, Vicki (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-0016 | PB-NY-0017-9001
Janghorbani, Jaren (New York)
PB-NY-0017-0003 | PB-NY-0017-0005 | PB-NY-0017-0013 | PB-NY-0017-0018 | PB-NY-0017-0021 | PB-NY-0017-0024
Kaplan, Roberta A. (New York)
PB-NY-0017-0001 | PB-NY-0017-0003 | PB-NY-0017-0005 | PB-NY-0017-0013 | PB-NY-0017-0018 | PB-NY-0017-0021 | PB-NY-0017-0024 | PB-NY-0017-9000 | PB-NY-0017-9001
Karlan, Pamela S. (California)
PB-NY-0017-0003 | PB-NY-0017-0005 | PB-NY-0017-0013 | PB-NY-0017-0018 | PB-NY-0017-0021 | PB-NY-0017-0024
Karteron, Alexis (New York)
PB-NY-0017-0001 | PB-NY-0017-9000
Kaye, Joshua D. (New York)
PB-NY-0017-0024
Kelly, Colin S. (New York)
PB-NY-0017-0018 | PB-NY-0017-0021
Millett, Patricia A. (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-0016
Rieman, Walter (New York)
PB-NY-0017-0018 | PB-NY-0017-0021
Saxe, Rose A. (New York)
PB-NY-0017-0001 | PB-NY-0017-0003 | PB-NY-0017-0005 | PB-NY-0017-0013 | PB-NY-0017-0024 | PB-NY-0017-9000
Shah, Pratik A. (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-0011 | PB-NY-0017-0019
Shapiro, Steven R. (New York)
PB-NY-0017-0003 | PB-NY-0017-0005 | PB-NY-0017-0013 | PB-NY-0017-0018 | PB-NY-0017-0021 | PB-NY-0017-0024
Singer, Michael J. (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-0011 | PB-NY-0017-0019
Small, Michael C. (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-0016
Srinivasan, Sri (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-0011 | PB-NY-0017-0019
Defendant's Lawyers Bartolomucci, H. Christopher (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-0008 | PB-NY-0017-0012 | PB-NY-0017-0015 | PB-NY-0017-0020 | PB-NY-0017-9000
Cirillo, Richard A. (New York)
PB-NY-0017-9000
Clement, Paul D. (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-0008 | PB-NY-0017-0012 | PB-NY-0017-0015 | PB-NY-0017-0020 | PB-NY-0017-9000 | PB-NY-0017-9001
Davenport, Christine (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-0006 | PB-NY-0017-0011 | PB-NY-0017-0012 | PB-NY-0017-0015 | PB-NY-0017-0020
Dugan, Conor Brendan (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-9000
Kircher, Kerry W. (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-0008 | PB-NY-0017-0011 | PB-NY-0017-0012 | PB-NY-0017-0015 | PB-NY-0017-0020 | PB-NY-0017-9000
Lin, Jean (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-0011 | PB-NY-0017-9000
McGinley, Michael H. (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-0006 | PB-NY-0017-0008 | PB-NY-0017-0015 | PB-NY-0017-0020
Nelson, Nicholas J. (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-0006 | PB-NY-0017-0008 | PB-NY-0017-0012 | PB-NY-0017-0015 | PB-NY-0017-0020
Pittard, William (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-0006 | PB-NY-0017-0008 | PB-NY-0017-0011 | PB-NY-0017-0012 | PB-NY-0017-0015 | PB-NY-0017-0020
Roumel, Eleni M. (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-0006 | PB-NY-0017-0015 | PB-NY-0017-0020
Tatelman, Todd B. (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-0006 | PB-NY-0017-0011 | PB-NY-0017-0012 | PB-NY-0017-0015 | PB-NY-0017-0020
Walker, Mary Beth (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-0006 | PB-NY-0017-0011 | PB-NY-0017-0012 | PB-NY-0017-0015 | PB-NY-0017-0020
Other Lawyers Barbur, Peter T. (New York)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Bellows, Laura G. (Illinois)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Berner, Nicole (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Boccuzzi, Carmine Daniel (New York)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Boddie, Elise C. (New York)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Boyle, David C. (California)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Bradley, Gerard V. (Indiana)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Brenner, Anita Susan (California)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Brown, J. Robert (Colorado)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Broyles, Dean Robert (California)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Brunstad, G. Eric Jr. (Connecticut)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Burke, Paul C. (Utah)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Carmichael, Holly L. (California)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Codell, David C. (California)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Connors, Catherine (Maine)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Dellinger, Walter (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Dewart, Deborah Jane (North Carolina)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Duncan, William C. (Utah)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Durham, W. Cole (Utah)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Eastman, John C. (California)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Eidsmoe, John A. (Alabama)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Englert, Roy T. Jr. (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Ferrara, Peter J. (Virginia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Fisher, Thomas M. (Indiana)
PB-NY-0017-0022 | PB-NY-0017-9001
Fitschen, Steven W. (Virginia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Franklin, Jonathan S. (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
George, Robert P. (West Virginia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Hallward-Driemeier, Douglas Harry (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Heller, Simon (New York)
PB-NY-0017-9000
Hileman, Elizabeth L. (Maryland)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Hunter, Nan C. (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Joseph, Lawrence J (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Keating, Katherine (California)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Keetch, Von G. (Utah)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Laycock, Douglas (Virginia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Lewis, Robert Bradley (Louisiana)
PB-NY-0017-9001
LiMandri, Charles Salvatore (California)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Lindblom, Marjorie P. (New York)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Linton, Paul Benjamin (Illinois)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Long, Robert A. Jr. (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Man, Christopher (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Mauck, John W. (Illinois)
PB-NY-0017-9001
McGill, Lori Alvino (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
McNamara, Robert J. (Virginia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Moon, Jeffrey Hunter (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-0017
Morrison, Alan B. (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Moses, Michael F. (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-0017
Nelles, Sharon L. (New York)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Nemetz, Miriam R. (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
O'Donnell, Nicholas M. (Massachusetts)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Pafford, Abram J. (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Phelps, Margie J. (Kansas)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Phillips, Carter G (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Picarello, Anthony R Jr (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-0017 | PB-NY-0017-9001
Pincus, Andrew J. (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Potter, Trevor (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Rassbach, Eric C (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Rhee, Christopher S. (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Rosen, Sanford Jay (California)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Russell, Kevin K. (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Schwartz, Dovid Zechariah (New York)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Segroves, James Frederick (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Sekulow, Jay Alan (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Sheehan, William F. (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Smith, Paul M. (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Staver, Mathew D. (Florida)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Stern, Michael L. (Virginia)
PB-NY-0017-0023 | PB-NY-0017-9001
Stetson, Catherine E. (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Stewart, Monte N. (Idaho)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Taylor, A. Lavar (California)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Titus, Herbert W. (Virginia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Trachtman, Jeffery S (New York)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Tringali, Joseph (New York)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Underwood, Barbara L. (New York)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Verrilli, Donald B. Jr. (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-0007 | PB-NY-0017-0009 | PB-NY-0017-0011 | PB-NY-0017-0019 | PB-NY-0017-9001
Waggoner, Kristen Kellie (Washington)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Wardle, Lynn Dennis (Utah)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Willett, Sabin (Massachusetts)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Wolfson, Paul Reinherz (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Wolinsky, Marc (New York)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Wydra, Elizabeth B. (District of Columbia)
PB-NY-0017-9001
Zoeller, Gregory F. (Indiana)
PB-NY-0017-0022

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