University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name United States v. Maricopa County PN-AZ-0002
Docket / Court 2:10-cv-01878 ( D. Ariz. )
State/Territory Arizona
Case Type(s) Policing
Attorney Organization U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Case Summary
On September 2, 2010, the United States Department of Justice ("DOJ"), Civil Rights Division, filed this lawsuit under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 in the United States Court for the District of Arizona, Phoenix Division. The DOJ sought declaratory and injunctive relief, claiming that ... read more >
On September 2, 2010, the United States Department of Justice ("DOJ"), Civil Rights Division, filed this lawsuit under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 in the United States Court for the District of Arizona, Phoenix Division. The DOJ sought declaratory and injunctive relief, claiming that Maricopa County had violated the Civil Rights Act by failing to comply with a DOJ investigation. Specifically, the DOJ claimed that Maricopa County had refused to comply after a year of being minimally cooperative and obstructing the DOJ investigation into the police practices in Maricopa County.

Maricopa County receives federal funds for its Sheriff's Office. Under an implementing regulation, offices that receive financial assistance agree to give the DOJ access to their records and they make contractual agreements to that effect. The DOJ was investigating a violation of the Omnibus Crime Control Act and the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act, and had requested documents from the Maricopa County Sheriff's Office (MCSO). The DOJ made 51 specific requests. After over a year had passed, the MCSO had only partially complied with 3 of these 51 requests. The DOJ found them to be in violation of Title VI and initiated this lawsuit.

On June 2, 2011, after the parties had both filed motions for summary judgment, a settlement agreement was reached. The agreement granted the DOJ access to the MCSO facilities. Additionally, the MCSO agreed to produce the documents that the DOJ had requested, as well as a blanket agreement to comply with Title VI. On August 1, 2011, the Court (Judge Murray G. Snow) dismissed the case 60 days after a Joint Motion to Remove Case to the Inactive Docket was made.

On May 10, 2012, presumably as a result of the continued investigation, the United States filed a lawsuit against Maricopa County in a related case, United States v. Maricopa County, et. Al, docket #2:12-cv-00981-LOA, (Clearinghouse Code: PN-AZ-0001).

Blase Kearney - 05/14/2012
Richard Jolly - 11/22/2014


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Failure to train
Inadequate citizen complaint investigations and procedures
Racial profiling
Records Disclosure
Plaintiff Type
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Causes of Action Title VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000d et seq.
Defendant(s) Maricopa County
Plaintiff Description The United States Department of Justice
Indexed Lawyer Organizations U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 2011 - 2011
Case Closing Year 2011
Case Ongoing No
Case Listing PN-AZ-0001 : United States v. Maricopa County (D. Ariz.)
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Federal Enforcement of Police Reform
By: Stephen Rushin (University of Illinois College of Law, University of California, Berkeley - Jurisprudence and Social Policy Program )
Citation: 82 Fordham Law Review 3189 (2014)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Panopticism for Police: Structural Reform Bargaining and Police Regulation by Data-Driven Surveillance
By: Mary D. Fan (University of Washington)
Citation: Forthcoming, 87 Washington L. Rev. __ (2012).
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  What Happens When Police Are Forced to Reform?
Written: Nov. 13, 2015
By: Kimbriell Kelly, Sarah Childress and Steven Rich (Frontline/Post)
Citation: Washington Post (Nov. 13, 2015)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
2:10-cv-01878-GMS (D. Ariz.) 08/09/2011
PN-AZ-0002-9000 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint 09/02/2010
PN-AZ-0002-0003 PDF | Detail
Justice Department Files Lawsuit Against Maricopa County Sheriff’s Office For Refusing Full Cooperation With Title VI Investigation 09/02/2010
PN-AZ-0002-0010 PDF | Detail
Document Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Joint Motion to Remove Case to the Inactive Docket and Stay Proceedings 06/02/2011
PN-AZ-0002-0001 PDF | Detail
Joint Motion to Remove Case to the Inactive Docket and Stay Proceedings 06/02/2011
PN-AZ-0002-0004 PDF | Detail
Justice Department Settles Lawsuit with Maricopa County Sheriff’s Office 06/02/2011
PN-AZ-0002-0009 PDF | Detail
Document Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
United States' Investigation of the Maricopa County Sheriffs Office 12/15/2011
PN-AZ-0002-0002 PDF | Detail
Department of Justice Releases Investigative Findings on the Maricopa County Sheriff’s Office 12/15/2011
PN-AZ-0002-0007 PDF | Detail
Document Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Complaint 05/10/2012
PN-AZ-0002-0005 PDF | Detail
Department of Justice Files Lawsuit in Arizona Against Maricopa County, Maricopa County Sheriff’s Office, and Sheriff Joseph Arpaio 05/10/2012
PN-AZ-0002-0011 PDF | Detail
Document Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Order 06/15/2015 (2015 WL 9266969) (D. Ariz.)
PN-AZ-0002-0006 PDF | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Justice Department Reaches Settlement in Civil Rights Lawsuit Against Maricopa County, Arizona, and Maricopa County Sheriff 07/17/2015
PN-AZ-0002-0008 PDF | Detail
Document Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Judges Silver, Roslyn O. (D. Ariz.)
PN-AZ-0002-0006
Snow, G. Murray (State Appellate Court, D. Ariz.)
PN-AZ-0002-0001 | PN-AZ-0002-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Aminfar, Amin (District of Columbia)
PN-AZ-0002-0001 | PN-AZ-0002-0003 | PN-AZ-0002-0004 | PN-AZ-0002-9000
Austin, Roy L. (District of Columbia)
PN-AZ-0002-0004 | PN-AZ-0002-0005 | PN-AZ-0002-9000
Burke, Dennis K. (District of Columbia)
PN-AZ-0002-0004 | PN-AZ-0002-0009
Caspar, Edward G. (District of Columbia)
PN-AZ-0002-0005
Colangelo, Matthew B. (District of Columbia)
PN-AZ-0002-0004 | PN-AZ-0002-9000
England, Sheridan Leigh (District of Columbia)
PN-AZ-0002-9000
Gayle, Winsome (District of Columbia)
PN-AZ-0002-0005
Gelman, Laurie (District of Columbia)
PN-AZ-0002-0004 | PN-AZ-0002-9000
Gray, Peter S. (District of Columbia)
PN-AZ-0002-0004 | PN-AZ-0002-9000
Mondino, Jennifer L. (District of Columbia)
PN-AZ-0002-0005
Perez, Thomas E. (District of Columbia)
PN-AZ-0002-0002 | PN-AZ-0002-0004 | PN-AZ-0002-0005 | PN-AZ-0002-0007 | PN-AZ-0002-0008 | PN-AZ-0002-0009 | PN-AZ-0002-0010 | PN-AZ-0002-0011
Perez, Sergio (District of Columbia)
PN-AZ-0002-0005
Shapiro, Avner (District of Columbia)
PN-AZ-0002-0004 | PN-AZ-0002-9000
Smith, Jonathan Mark (District of Columbia)
PN-AZ-0002-0004 | PN-AZ-0002-0005
Walker, Michael Madison (District of Columbia)
PN-AZ-0002-0004 | PN-AZ-0002-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Dowell, Leigh Eric (Arizona)
PN-AZ-0002-9000
Estrella, Cynthia Renee (Arizona)
PN-AZ-0002-9000
Hillbo, Alec R. (Arizona)
PN-AZ-0002-9000
Irvine, Thomas K. (Arizona)
PN-AZ-0002-9000
Jones, William R. Jr. (Arizona)
PN-AZ-0002-0004 | PN-AZ-0002-9000
Martin, Kerry Scott (Arizona)
PN-AZ-0002-9000
Masterson, John T. (Arizona)
PN-AZ-0002-0004 | PN-AZ-0002-9000
Popolizio, Joseph John (Arizona)
PN-AZ-0002-0001 | PN-AZ-0002-0004 | PN-AZ-0002-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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