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Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name United States v. Bahr FH-AL-0004
Docket / Court 2:08-cv-00573 ( M.D. Ala. )
State/Territory Alabama
Case Type(s) Fair Housing/Lending/Insurance
Attorney Organization U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Case Summary
On July 17, 2008, the United State filed a lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Middle District Court of Alabama under the Fair Housing Act, 42 U.S.C. §§3601-3619, against Defendants, rental property owners and their property manager. The U.S. Department of Justice alleged the ... read more >
On July 17, 2008, the United State filed a lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Middle District Court of Alabama under the Fair Housing Act, 42 U.S.C. §§3601-3619, against Defendants, rental property owners and their property manager. The U.S. Department of Justice alleged the Defendants discriminated in their rental business against women. Specifically, DOJ claimed that beginning in 2005 or earlier, the defendants' property manager subjected actual and prospective female tenants to unwanted verbal sexual advances, unwanted sexual touching, and adverse action when they refused or objected to his sexual advances. (For example, he would, the DOJ claimed, send false notices of rent owed to tenants who spurned his advances.) The complaint sought declaratory, injunctive and monetary relief and an assessment of civil penalties.

The property manager's request for a stay due to a pending bankruptcy was denied (after the bankruptcy was dismissed), and he eventually sought summary judgment. The court denied that motion on November 23, 2009. Additional litigation led to a motion for summary judgment by another individual defendant, which was largely denied on September 9, 2010. (The court did note that this individual would not be held vicariously liable for any punitive damages related to the property manager.) Considerable discovery and other disputes followed, and the case was eventually set for trial on May 23, 2011. In the meantime, however, the property manager whose conduct was at the center of the case had died.

Between May 12, 2011, and July 20, 2011, the Court (Judge Mark E. Fuller) approved separate five-year Consent Decrees agreed to by the Plaintiff and the various Defendants. The decrees generally enjoined the Defendants from discriminating in their housing rental practices on the basis of sex, and required them to pay monetary damages into a fund established for the persons aggrieved by their conduct and civil penalties. Each of the Consent Decrees required non-discrimination in advertising, rental showing, employee EEO training, reporting and recordkeeping.

On August 16, 2011, the Court entered a default judgment against the remaining defendants, after an extensive evidentiary hearing on damages and civil penalties. But after that hearing, the chief remaining defendant -- the owner of two apartment buildings -- sought relief from its default judgment of $27,000. This the Court denied, finally closing out the case, on April 19, 2012.

- 06/28/2012


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
Discrimination-area
Housing Sales/Rental
Discrimination-basis
Sex discrimination
Plaintiff Type
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Causes of Action Fair Housing Act/Fair Housing Amendments Act (FHAA), 42 U.S.C. §§ 3601 et seq.
Defendant(s) Abraham and Margie Campbell
Brett Rosenbaum
Bruce Dunn
Frank Cook
Guest Property Sales, LLC
Jamarlo K. Gumbaytay
James F. and Barbara Clark
Jewel Manahan
Lori Williams
Lorretta Cates
Matthew Bahr
Millennia Properties, LLC
Sean McDonough
Terrill Jorgensen
Todd Chamelin
Woody D. Franklin
Woody D. Franklin, Sr.
Plaintiff Description United States Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division
Indexed Lawyer Organizations U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Damages
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 2008 - 2011
Case Closing Year 2011
Case Ongoing No
Docket(s)
2:08-cv-00573 (M.D. Ala.) 07/17/2008
FH-AL-0004-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint 07/17/2008
FH-AL-0004-0003.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Opinion and Order [denying Def's motions to dismiss and for summary judgment] 11/23/2009 (2009 WL 4067801) (M.D. Ala.)
FH-AL-0004-0010.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Amended Complaint 04/26/2010
FH-AL-0004-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Consent Decree between Plaintiff United States and Defendant Lori Williams and Todd Chamelin 05/12/2011
FH-AL-0004-0007.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 05/24/2011 (M.D. Ala.)
FH-AL-0004-0009.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Consent Decree Between Plaintiff United States and Defendant Woody Franklin, Sr. 07/05/2011
FH-AL-0004-0005.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Consent Decree Between Plaintiff United States and Defendant Abraham Campbell 07/20/2011
FH-AL-0004-0004.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Consent Decree Between Plaintiff United States and Defendant Jewel Manahan 07/20/2011
FH-AL-0004-0008.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Final Judgment 08/16/2011 (M.D. Ala.)
FH-AL-0004-0002.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
United States' Response to Defendant Matthew Bahr's Motion to Alter, Amend or Vacate Final Judgment or, in the Alternative, Motion for Relief from Final Judgment 09/30/2011
FH-AL-0004-0012.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Opinion and Order [denying Def.'s motion to alter/amend judgment and granting Pl.'s motions to supplement the record and to seal] 04/19/2012 (856 F.Supp.2d 1225) (M.D. Ala.)
FH-AL-0004-0013.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Fuller, Mark E. (M.D. Ala.)
FH-AL-0004-0002 | FH-AL-0004-0004 | FH-AL-0004-0005 | FH-AL-0004-0007 | FH-AL-0004-0008 | FH-AL-0004-0009 | FH-AL-0004-0010 | FH-AL-0004-0013 | FH-AL-0004-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Becker, Grace Chung (District of Columbia)
FH-AL-0004-0003 | FH-AL-0004-9000
Canary, Leura Garrett (Alabama)
FH-AL-0004-0001 | FH-AL-0004-0003 | FH-AL-0004-0004 | FH-AL-0004-0005 | FH-AL-0004-0007 | FH-AL-0004-0008
Dubois, James J. (Alabama)
FH-AL-0004-0001 | FH-AL-0004-0003 | FH-AL-0004-0004 | FH-AL-0004-0005 | FH-AL-0004-0007 | FH-AL-0004-0008 | FH-AL-0004-0012 | FH-AL-0004-9000
Keveney, Sean R. (District of Columbia)
FH-AL-0004-0004 | FH-AL-0004-0005 | FH-AL-0004-0007 | FH-AL-0004-0008 | FH-AL-0004-0012 | FH-AL-0004-9000
Maurer, Michael S. (District of Columbia)
FH-AL-0004-0001 | FH-AL-0004-0003 | FH-AL-0004-0004 | FH-AL-0004-0005 | FH-AL-0004-0007 | FH-AL-0004-0008 | FH-AL-0004-0012 | FH-AL-0004-9000
Murphy, Donna M. (District of Columbia)
FH-AL-0004-9000
Perez, Thomas E. (District of Columbia)
FH-AL-0004-0001 | FH-AL-0004-0004 | FH-AL-0004-0005 | FH-AL-0004-0012
Rosenbaum, Steven H. (District of Columbia)
FH-AL-0004-0001 | FH-AL-0004-0003 | FH-AL-0004-0004 | FH-AL-0004-0005 | FH-AL-0004-0007 | FH-AL-0004-0008 | FH-AL-0004-0012 | FH-AL-0004-9000
Severino, Roger T. (District of Columbia)
FH-AL-0004-0001 | FH-AL-0004-0004 | FH-AL-0004-0005 | FH-AL-0004-0007 | FH-AL-0004-0008 | FH-AL-0004-0012 | FH-AL-0004-9000
Standridge, Amber R. (District of Columbia)
FH-AL-0004-0001 | FH-AL-0004-0003 | FH-AL-0004-0004 | FH-AL-0004-0005 | FH-AL-0004-0007 | FH-AL-0004-0008 | FH-AL-0004-0012 | FH-AL-0004-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Beck, George (Alabama)
FH-AL-0004-9000
Biggs, Terrie Scott (Alabama)
FH-AL-0004-9000
Boyle, Michael David (Alabama)
FH-AL-0004-9000
Brittain, William Evens (Alabama)
FH-AL-0004-0007 | FH-AL-0004-9000
Buckalew, Constance Taylor (Alabama)
FH-AL-0004-9000
Fendley, Taylor Patrick (Alabama)
FH-AL-0004-9000
Holton, Michael Guy (Alabama)
FH-AL-0004-9000
Jackson, Michael Stewart (Alabama)
FH-AL-0004-0005 | FH-AL-0004-9000
Manahan, Jewel (Florida)
FH-AL-0004-9000
Marks, Emily Coody (Alabama)
FH-AL-0004-9000
McDonough, Sean (Florida)
FH-AL-0004-9000
Newell, Alfred T. IV (Alabama)
FH-AL-0004-9000
Reid, Holbrook E. (Alabama)
FH-AL-0004-9000
Rosenbaum, Brett (Florida)
FH-AL-0004-9000
Shinbaum, Kenneth Jay (Alabama)
FH-AL-0004-0004 | FH-AL-0004-9000
Shinbaum, Richard D. (Alabama)
FH-AL-0004-0004 | FH-AL-0004-9000
Smith, Jeffrey Wilson (Alabama)
FH-AL-0004-9000
Other Lawyers Cooper, Faith Rochelle (Alabama)
FH-AL-0004-9000
Lewis, Joseph Brady (Alabama)
FH-AL-0004-9000

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