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Case Name Doe #1 v. Rumsfeld PC-DC-0024
Docket / Court 03-707 ( D.D.C. )
State/Territory District of Columbia
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
On March 18, 2003, plaintiffs, a group of active duty service members, National Guardsmen and Department of Defense civilian contract employees who had been ordered, or were imminently to be ordered, to take Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed (AVA) filed a complaint in the District Court for the District of ... read more >
On March 18, 2003, plaintiffs, a group of active duty service members, National Guardsmen and Department of Defense civilian contract employees who had been ordered, or were imminently to be ordered, to take Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed (AVA) filed a complaint in the District Court for the District of Columbia against the Department of Defense, the Department of Health and Human Services and the Food and Drug Administration. The plaintiffs alleged that they were ordered to submit to inoculation with AVA and were not provided with the opportunity to exercise informed consent, despite the fact that the vaccination was still under review by the FDA, in violation of 10 U.S.C § 1107, the Presidential Executive Order 13139 and the Department of Defense's own directive 6200.2. The plaintiffs asked that the court enjoin the Department of Defense from inoculating them without their informed consent.

The plaintiffs also filed a contemporaneous motion for a preliminary injunction and temporary restraining order. On December 22, 2003, the Court (Judge Emmet G. Sullivan) granted the motion for a preliminary injunction, and enjoined the defendants from inoculating service members without their consent. On January 2, 2004 the defendants filed an emergency motion asking for a stay of the preliminary injunction, based on the FDA's publishing of its final ruling on AVA. On January 7, 2004, the court (Judge Sullivan) ordered the stay of the court's preliminary injunction pending further orders of the court.

On March 3, 2004, both plaintiffs and defendants filed motions for summary judgment. The plaintiffs additionally asked for permanent injunctive relief. On October 27, 2004 the Court (Judge Sullivan) granted the plaintiffs' motion for summary judgment and ordered that the FDA's final rule and order be vacated and remanded to the agency for reconsideration. The court also ruled that unless and until the FDA classifies AVA as a safe and effective drug for its intended use, the injunction shall remain in effect. The court ruled that the involuntary anthrax vaccination program is illegal absent informed consent or a Presidential waiver under 10 U.S.C. § 1107. On April 6, 2005, the court also modified the injunction at the request of Defendants to include a provision that the AVA may be administered on a voluntary basis, pursuant to the terms of a lawful emergency use authorization.

On February 9, 2006, the Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia denied defendant Department of Defense's appeal and remanded the case to the district court because they held that the case was moot.

Caitlin Howitt - 11/06/2011


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
Male
General
Informed consent/involuntary medication
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, general
Medical care, unspecified
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. §§ 551 et seq.
Defendant(s) Department of Defense
Department of Health and Human Services
Plaintiff Description a group of active duty service members, National Guardsmen and Department of Defense civilian contract employees who had been ordered, or were imminently to be ordered, to take Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 2008
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
1:03−cv−00707 (D.D.C.) 01/25/2008
PC-DC-0024-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint 03/18/2003
PC-DC-0024-0002.pdf | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Memorandum in Support of [Plaintiff's] Motion for Temporary Restraining Order and Preliminary Injunction 03/18/2003
PC-DC-0024-0003.pdf | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Defendant's Opposition to Plaintiff's Motion for a Preliminary Injunction 04/09/2003
PC-DC-0024-0004.pdf | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Reply to Defendants' Opposition to Plaintiffs' Motion for a Preliminary Injunction 04/25/2003
PC-DC-0024-0005.pdf | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Memorandum Opinion [Granting Plaintiff's Motion for a Preliminary Injunction] 12/22/2003 (297 F.Supp.2d 119) (D.D.C.)
PC-DC-0024-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Defendants' Emergency Motion for Immediate Administrative Stay Pending Disposition of Defendants' Motions 01/02/2004
PC-DC-0024-0006.pdf | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Opposition to Immediate Administrative Stay Pending Disposition of Defendants' Motions 01/04/2004
PC-DC-0024-0007.pdf | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Defendants' Reply in Support of Emergency Motion for Immediate Administrative Stay Pending Disposition of Defendants' Motion 01/05/2004
PC-DC-0024-0008.pdf | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
First Amended Complaint 01/06/2004
PC-DC-0024-0009.pdf | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Order [Granting the Defendants' Motion for a Stay Pending Final Disposition] 01/07/2004 (297 F.Supp.2d 200) (D.D.C.)
PC-DC-0024-0010.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendants' Motion for Summary Judgment 03/03/2004
PC-DC-0024-0011.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiff's Memorandum of Law in Support of Motion for Summary Judgment and Permanent Injunctive Relief or, in the Alternative, for Discovery 03/03/2004
PC-DC-0024-0012.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiffs' Reply to Defendants' Opposition to Plaintiffs' Motion for Summary Judgment 03/03/2004
PC-DC-0024-0016.pdf | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Defendants' Memorandum of Points and Authorities in Opposition to Plaintiffs' Motion for Summary Judgment 04/07/2004
PC-DC-0024-0013.pdf | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Plaintiffs' Opposition to Defendants' Motion for Summary Judgment 04/07/2004
PC-DC-0024-0014.pdf | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Reply Memorandum in Support of Defendants' Motion for Summary Judgment 04/21/2004
PC-DC-0024-0015.pdf | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Memorandum Order [Granting Plaintiff's Motion for Summary Judgment and Denying Defendants' Motion for Summary Judgment] 10/27/2004 (341 F.Supp.2d 1) (D.D.C.)
PC-DC-0024-0017.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendants' Emergency Motion to Modify Injunction 02/04/2005
PC-DC-0024-0018.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiffs' Opposition to Defendants' Emergency Motion to Modify Injunction 02/28/2005
PC-DC-0024-0019.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendants' Reply in Support of Emergency Motion to Modify Injunction 03/10/2005
PC-DC-0024-0020.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [Granting Defendants' Motion to Modify Injunction] 04/06/2005 (2005 WL 1124589) (D.D.C.)
PC-DC-0024-0021.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judgment [Denying Defendants' Appeal] 02/09/2006 (172 Fed.Appx. 327)
PC-DC-0024-0022.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Griffith, Thomas Beall (D.C. Circuit)
PC-DC-0024-0022
Randolph, Arthur Raymond (D.C. Circuit)
PC-DC-0024-0022
Sullivan, Emmet G. (D.D.C.)
PC-DC-0024-0001 | PC-DC-0024-0010 | PC-DC-0024-0017 | PC-DC-0024-0021
Tatel, David S. (D.C. Circuit)
PC-DC-0024-0022
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Michels, John J. Jr. (Illinois)
PC-DC-0024-0002 | PC-DC-0024-0003 | PC-DC-0024-0005 | PC-DC-0024-0007 | PC-DC-0024-0009 | PC-DC-0024-0012 | PC-DC-0024-0014 | PC-DC-0024-0016 | PC-DC-0024-0019 | PC-DC-0024-9000
Zaid, Mark S. (District of Columbia)
PC-DC-0024-0002 | PC-DC-0024-0003 | PC-DC-0024-0005 | PC-DC-0024-0007 | PC-DC-0024-0009 | PC-DC-0024-0012 | PC-DC-0024-0014 | PC-DC-0024-0016 | PC-DC-0024-0019 | PC-DC-0024-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Blackwell, Craig M. (District of Columbia)
PC-DC-0024-0011 | PC-DC-0024-0013 | PC-DC-0024-0015 | PC-DC-0024-0018 | PC-DC-0024-0020 | PC-DC-0024-9000
Boyle, Brian D. (District of Columbia)
PC-DC-0024-0011 | PC-DC-0024-0013 | PC-DC-0024-0015 | PC-DC-0024-0018 | PC-DC-0024-0020
Coffin, Shannen W. (District of Columbia)
PC-DC-0024-0004 | PC-DC-0024-0006 | PC-DC-0024-0008 | PC-DC-0024-0011 | PC-DC-0024-0013 | PC-DC-0024-0015
Garvey, Vincent M. (District of Columbia)
PC-DC-0024-0004 | PC-DC-0024-0006 | PC-DC-0024-0011 | PC-DC-0024-0013 | PC-DC-0024-0015 | PC-DC-0024-0018 | PC-DC-0024-0020
Howard, Roscoe (District of Columbia)
PC-DC-0024-0004 | PC-DC-0024-0006 | PC-DC-0024-0008 | PC-DC-0024-0011 | PC-DC-0024-0013 | PC-DC-0024-0015
Hunt, Joseph H. (District of Columbia)
PC-DC-0024-0004 | PC-DC-0024-0006 | PC-DC-0024-0008 | PC-DC-0024-0011 | PC-DC-0024-0013 | PC-DC-0024-0015
Keisler, Peter D. (District of Columbia)
PC-DC-0024-0006 | PC-DC-0024-0008 | PC-DC-0024-0011 | PC-DC-0024-0013 | PC-DC-0024-0015 | PC-DC-0024-0018 | PC-DC-0024-0020
McCallum, Robert D. Jr. (District of Columbia)
PC-DC-0024-0004
Wainstein, Kenneth L. (District of Columbia)
PC-DC-0024-0018
Wiltsie, Ronald J. II (District of Columbia)
PC-DC-0024-0004 | PC-DC-0024-0006 | PC-DC-0024-0008 | PC-DC-0024-0011 | PC-DC-0024-0013 | PC-DC-0024-0015 | PC-DC-0024-0018 | PC-DC-0024-0020 | PC-DC-0024-9000
Other Lawyers Karo, Martin H. (Pennsylvania)
PC-DC-0024-9000
Levine, Kenneth T. (Pennsylvania)
PC-DC-0024-9000
Tannenbaum, Andrew H. (District of Columbia)
PC-DC-0024-0011 | PC-DC-0024-0013 | PC-DC-0024-0015 | PC-DC-0024-0018 | PC-DC-0024-0020 | PC-DC-0024-9000

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