University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Travis v. Hawkins PB-TX-0002
Docket / Court 1:03-cv-00231 ( W.D. Tex. )
State/Territory Texas
Case Type(s) Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
Public Benefits / Government Services
Special Collection Olmstead Cases
Attorney Organization NDRN/Protection & Advocacy Organizations
Case Summary
On September 6, 2002 twenty-one developmentally disabled individuals and an advocacy organization, the ARC of Texas, filed suit against the Texas Department of Human Services, the Texas Department of Mental Health & Mental Retardation, and the Texas Health and Human Services Commission in the ... read more >
On September 6, 2002 twenty-one developmentally disabled individuals and an advocacy organization, the ARC of Texas, filed suit against the Texas Department of Human Services, the Texas Department of Mental Health & Mental Retardation, and the Texas Health and Human Services Commission in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas. They alleged that the defendants had violated the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Rehabilitation Act, the Medicaid Act, the Fourteenth Amendment, and 42 U.S.C. § 1983 by failing to provide sufficient community based services to which the plaintiffs were entitled. This meant they were needlessly confined or might be forced to leave their families. They also alleged that the defendants were unlawfully restricting their choice of services, denying them the opportunity to apply for services, and failing to provide prompt services. They sought class action status and declaratory and injunctive relief.



On March 17, 2003 the court (Judge Ron Clark) transferred the case to the Western District of Texas because that was where some of the plaintiffs and all of the defendants resided. On May 23, 2003 the court (Judge Sam Sparks) granted in part and denied in part the defendants' motion to dismiss based on sovereign immunity grounds. The defendants appealed to the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals but on August 11, 2004 the Court of Appeals (Judges Garza, King, and Reavley) affirmed the district court.



The parties then proceeded into discovery in preparation for trial. The court (Judge Sparks) granted the plaintiffs' motion to withdraw their motion for class certification on October 15, 2005. On May 22, 2006 the court (Judge Sparks) denied or dismissed all pending motions for summary judgment. A trial was then delayed as the parties pursued settlement negotiations. A settlement was reached and on October 6, 2006 the parties filed a joint stipulation of dismissal with prejudice. On October 12, 2006 the court (Judge Sparks) dismissed the case. The details of the settlement are not known.

Michael Perry - 03/27/2011


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Benefit Source
Medicaid
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action Section 504 (Rehabilitation Act), 29 U.S.C. § 701
Title XIX of the Social Security (Medicaid) Act, 42 U.S.C §1396
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 42 U.S.C. §§ 12111 et seq.
42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) The Texas Department of Human Services
The Texas Department of Mental Health & Mental Retardation
The Texas Health and Human Services Commission
Plaintiff Description Twenty one individuals who suffer from developmental disabilities and an advocacy group.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations NDRN/Protection & Advocacy Organizations
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Mixed
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Unknown
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Private Settlement Agreement
Voluntary Dismissal
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 2006
Case Ongoing No
Docket(s)
1:02−cv−00600 (E.D. Tex.) 04/16/2003
PB-TX-0002-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
03-50608 (U.S. Court of Appeals) 02/25/2005
PB-TX-0002-9001.pdf | Detail
Westlaw
1:03−cv−00231 (W.D. Tex.) 10/12/2006
PB-TX-0002-9002.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint 09/04/2002
PB-TX-0002-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum and Order (Transferring case to the Western District of Texas) 03/17/2003 (E.D. Tex.)
PB-TX-0002-0002.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order (Granting in part and denying in part the defendants' motion to dismiss) 05/23/2003 (W.D. Tex.)
PB-TX-0002-0003.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Brief of Defendants-Appellants 08/13/2003
PB-TX-0002-0007.pdf | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Brief of Plaintiffs-Appellees 10/20/2003
PB-TX-0002-0006.pdf | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Brief for the United States as Intervenor 11/05/2003
PB-TX-0002-0009.pdf | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Brief of Amici Curiae Supporting Appellees 11/10/2003
PB-TX-0002-0008.pdf | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Reply Brief of Defendants-Appellants 11/11/2003
PB-TX-0002-0005.pdf | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Opinion (Affirming the District Court) 08/11/2004 (381 F.3d 407)
PB-TX-0002-0004.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | External Link | Detail
PLAINTIFFS' THIRD AMENDED COMPLAINT 04/21/2005
PB-TX-0002-0010.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
JOINT STIPULATION OF DISMISSAL, WITH PREJUDICE 10/06/2006
PB-TX-0002-0011.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Clark, Ron (E.D. Tex.)
PB-TX-0002-0002 | PB-TX-0002-9000
Garza, Emilio M. (Fifth Circuit, W.D. Tex.)
PB-TX-0002-0004
Heartfield, Thad (E.D. Tex.)
PB-TX-0002-9000
King, Carolyn Dineen (Fifth Circuit)
PB-TX-0002-0004
Reavley, Thomas Morrow (Fifth Circuit)
PB-TX-0002-0004
Sparks, Sam (W.D. Tex.)
PB-TX-0002-0003 | PB-TX-0002-0011 | PB-TX-0002-9001 | PB-TX-0002-9002
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Corbett, Garth Anthony (Texas)
PB-TX-0002-0001 | PB-TX-0002-0004 | PB-TX-0002-0006 | PB-TX-0002-0010 | PB-TX-0002-0011 | PB-TX-0002-9000 | PB-TX-0002-9001 | PB-TX-0002-9002
Courtney, Geoffrey N. (Texas)
PB-TX-0002-0001 | PB-TX-0002-0004 | PB-TX-0002-0006 | PB-TX-0002-0010 | PB-TX-0002-0011 | PB-TX-0002-9000 | PB-TX-0002-9001 | PB-TX-0002-9002
Keahy, James H. (Texas)
PB-TX-0002-0004 | PB-TX-0002-0006 | PB-TX-0002-9001 | PB-TX-0002-9002
Reed, Noelle M. (Texas)
PB-TX-0002-9001 | PB-TX-0002-9002
Defendant's Lawyers Abbott, Greg (Texas)
PB-TX-0002-0005 | PB-TX-0002-0007 | PB-TX-0002-0011
Burbach, Edward Donald (Texas)
PB-TX-0002-0005 | PB-TX-0002-0007 | PB-TX-0002-0011
Capelle, Stephen H. (Texas)
PB-TX-0002-0011 | PB-TX-0002-9002
Cruz, R. Ted (Texas)
PB-TX-0002-0007
Henneke, Robert E. (Texas)
PB-TX-0002-0011 | PB-TX-0002-9002
Horne, Edwin N. (Texas)
PB-TX-0002-0011 | PB-TX-0002-9002
Johnson, Lara Michelle (Texas)
PB-TX-0002-9002
Juren, Nancy K. (Texas)
PB-TX-0002-0011 | PB-TX-0002-9000 | PB-TX-0002-9002
McBee, Barry Ross (Texas)
PB-TX-0002-0005 | PB-TX-0002-0007
O'Keefe, Robert B. (Texas)
PB-TX-0002-0011
Salisbury, Richard E. (Texas)
PB-TX-0002-0011 | PB-TX-0002-9002
Sullivan, Kent C. (Texas)
PB-TX-0002-0011
Warr, Amy (Texas)
PB-TX-0002-0004 | PB-TX-0002-0005 | PB-TX-0002-0007 | PB-TX-0002-9001
Other Lawyers Acosta, R. Alexander (District of Columbia)
PB-TX-0002-0009
Adams, Rachel A. (District of Columbia)
PB-TX-0002-0004 | PB-TX-0002-0008 | PB-TX-0002-9001
Frey, Jeffrey (District of Columbia)
PB-TX-0002-0008
Lockwood, Karen M. (District of Columbia)
PB-TX-0002-0004 | PB-TX-0002-0008 | PB-TX-0002-9001
Russell, Kevin K. (District of Columbia)
PB-TX-0002-0004 | PB-TX-0002-0009 | PB-TX-0002-9001
Silver, Jessica Dunsay (District of Columbia)
PB-TX-0002-0009

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