University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
new search
page permalink
Case Name Rodriguez v. Whalen PB-NY-0012
Docket / Court 1:97-cv-00700-SAS-HBP ( S.D.N.Y. )
State/Territory New York
Case Type(s) Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
Public Benefits / Government Services
Special Collection Olmstead Cases
Attorney Organization Legal Services/Legal Aid
Case Summary
On February 3, 1997, a group of New York State Medicaid home care applicants and recipients filed a lawsuit under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), the Rehabilitation Act, and the Medicaid Act, against the Commissioner of the New York State Department of Health in the United States ... read more >
On February 3, 1997, a group of New York State Medicaid home care applicants and recipients filed a lawsuit under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), the Rehabilitation Act, and the Medicaid Act, against the Commissioner of the New York State Department of Health in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. Plaintiffs, represented by legal services, asked the court for a permanent injunction, claiming that the State had discriminated against them in violation of the ADA. Specifically, Plaintiffs claimed that the State's failure to include safety monitoring discriminates against individuals who would otherwise be eligible for community services.

On August 25, 1997, the Court (Judge Shira A. Scheindlin) granted in part and denied in part both Plaintiffs' motion for class certification and Plaintiffs' motion for a preliminary injunction. Rodriguez v. DeBuono, 177 FRD 143 (S.D.N.Y. 1997). The Court found that Plaintiffs met the requirements for certification of a statewide class. The Court then held that Plaintiffs met the requirements to certify a statewide subclass of applicants and recipients with safety monitoring needs, as well as City and Nassau subclasses. The Court rejected Plaintiffs' "span of time" subclass. Further, considering Plaintiffs' motion for a preliminary injunction, the Court found that Plaintiffs showed irreparable harm and a substantial likelihood of success on the merits on their safety monitoring claim, but that they had not done so on their "span of time" claims.

Defendants appealed, and the Second Circuit Court of Appeals reversed and remanded on November 16, 1998. Rodriguez v. DeBuono, 162 F.3d 56 (2d Cir. 1998). The Court of Appeals vacated the portion of the District Court's order that imposed a preliminary injunction granting safety monitoring relief because it found that the District Court "misunderstood" the requirement that harm be imminent. The Second Circuit issued an amended opinion on March 23, 1999. Rodriguez v. DeBuono, 175 F.3d 227 (2d Cir. 1999).

On April 19, the District Court granted Plaintiffs' motion for a preliminary injunction. Rodriguez v. DeBuono, 44 F. Supp. 2d 601 (S.D.N.Y. 1999). Specifically, the Court found that Defendants' failure to include safety monitoring in its program for home care services violated the Medicaid Act, the ADA, and the Rehabilitation Act and permanent injunctive relief was warranted.

Defendants appealed, and the Second Circuit reversed on October 6, 1999. Rodriguez v. City of New York, 197 F.3d 611 (2d Cir. 1999). The Court of Appeals held that Defendant did not violate the ADA by failing to provide safety monitoring to those with disabilities because it did not provide safety monitoring as a separate benefit for any person. As such, Defendants were not discriminating against Plaintiffs within the meaning of the ADA.

Over the next five years, the parties executed a series of settlement agreements. There has been no action in the case since a stipulation and order filed September 10, 2004, in which Nassau County agreed to pay certain Plaintiffs' attorneys fees and costs.

Haley Waller - 04/08/2011


compress summary

- click to show/hide ALL -
Issues and Causes of Action
click to show/hide detail
Issues
Benefit Source
Medicaid
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 42 U.S.C. §§ 12111 et seq.
Title XIX of the Social Security (Medicaid) Act, 42 U.S.C §1396
Section 504 (Rehabilitation Act), 29 U.S.C. § 701
Defendant(s) New York State Department of Health
Plaintiff Description New York State Medicaid home care applicants and recipients
Indexed Lawyer Organizations Legal Services/Legal Aid
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Mixed
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Unknown
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Private Settlement Agreement
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 1997
Case Ongoing No
Docket(s)
1:97-cv-00700-SAS-HBP (S.D.N.Y.) 09/10/2004
PB-NY-0012-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
AMENDED OPINION & ORDER 08/25/1997 (177 F.R.D. 143) (S.D.N.Y.)
PB-NY-0012-0018.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
BRIEF FOR COMMISSIONER, WESTCHESTER COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL SERVICES 10/24/1997
PB-NY-0012-0012.pdf | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
BRIEF OF THE COMMISSIONER OF THE SUFFOLK COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL SERVICES 10/24/1997
PB-NY-0012-0013.pdf | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
BRIEF FOR PLAINTIFFS-APPELLEES RODRIGUEZ 11/24/1997
PB-NY-0012-0014.pdf | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
REPLY BRIEF FOR COMMISSIONER, WESTCHESTER COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL SERVICES 12/22/1997
PB-NY-0012-0015.pdf | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Untitled 11/16/1998 (162 F.3d 56)
PB-NY-0012-0008.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Public.Resource.Org
Untitled 03/23/1999 (175 F.3d 227)
PB-NY-0012-0009.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Public.Resource.Org
OPINION AND ORDER 04/19/1999 (44 F.Supp.2d 601) (S.D.N.Y.)
PB-NY-0012-0017.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
BRIEF FOR MUNICIPAL-INTERVENOR DEFENDANT-APPELLANT 06/22/1999
PB-NY-0012-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
BRIEF FOR THE COMMISSIONER OF THE WESTCHESTER COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL SERVICES 06/22/1999
PB-NY-0012-0002.pdf | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
BRIEF OF INTERVENOR-DEFENDANT-APPELLANT COMMISSIONER OF THE SUFFOLK COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL SERVICES 06/22/1999
PB-NY-0012-0003.pdf | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
BRIEF FOR STATE DEFENDANTS-APPELLANTS WHALEN AND WING 06/22/1999
PB-NY-0012-0004.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
BRIEF FOR INTERVENOR-DEFENDANT-APPELLANT COMMISSIONER NASSAU COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL SERVICES 06/23/1999
PB-NY-0012-0005.pdf | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
BRIEF FOR PLAINTIFFS-APPELLEES RODRIGUEZ, et al. 07/06/1999
PB-NY-0012-0006.pdf | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
REPLY BRIEF FOR STATE DEFENDANTS-APPELLANTS WHALEN AND WING 07/09/1999
PB-NY-0012-0007.pdf | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
REPLY BRIEF FOR THE COMMISSIONER OF THE WESTCHESTER COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL SERVICES 07/09/1999
PB-NY-0012-0011.pdf | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
REPLY BRIEF FOR MUNICIPAL INTERVENOR DEFENDANT-APPELLANT 07/09/1999
PB-NY-0012-0016.pdf | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Appeal from a Permanent Injunction 10/06/1999 (197 F.3d 611)
PB-NY-0012-0010.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Public.Resource.Org
Judges Cabranes, Jose Alberto (D. Conn., FISCR, Second Circuit)
PB-NY-0012-0010 | PB-NY-0012-9000
McLaughlin, Joseph Michael (Second Circuit, E.D.N.Y.)
PB-NY-0012-0008 | PB-NY-0012-0009 | PB-NY-0012-9000
Parker, Barrington Daniels Jr. (Second Circuit, S.D.N.Y.)
PB-NY-0012-0008 | PB-NY-0012-0009 | PB-NY-0012-9000
Phillips, James Dickson Jr. (Fourth Circuit)
PB-NY-0012-0008 | PB-NY-0012-0009 | PB-NY-0012-9000
Scheindlin, Shira A. (E.D.N.Y., S.D.N.Y.) [Magistrate]
PB-NY-0012-0017 | PB-NY-0012-0018 | PB-NY-0012-9000
Walker, John Mercer Jr. (Second Circuit, S.D.N.Y.)
PB-NY-0012-0010 | PB-NY-0012-9000
Winter, Ralph K. Jr. (FISCR, Second Circuit)
PB-NY-0012-0010 | PB-NY-0012-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Dougherty, Donna (New York)
PB-NY-0012-0006 | PB-NY-0012-0014 | PB-NY-0012-9000
Salzman, Leslie (New York)
PB-NY-0012-0006 | PB-NY-0012-0014 | PB-NY-0012-9000
Scherz, Michael (New York)
PB-NY-0012-0006 | PB-NY-0012-0014 | PB-NY-0012-9000
Schulman, Yisroel (New York)
PB-NY-0012-0006 | PB-NY-0012-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Barton, Barbara (New York)
PB-NY-0012-0013 | PB-NY-0012-9000
Belohlavek, Michael S. (New York)
PB-NY-0012-0007 | PB-NY-0012-9000
Cimino, Robert J. (New York)
PB-NY-0012-0003 | PB-NY-0012-0013 | PB-NY-0012-9000
Hess, Michael D. (New York)
PB-NY-0012-0001 | PB-NY-0012-0016 | PB-NY-0012-9000
Hopkins, Michael T. (New York)
PB-NY-0012-0005 | PB-NY-0012-9000
Kmetz, Stacey Dolgin (New York)
PB-NY-0012-0011 | PB-NY-0012-0012 | PB-NY-0012-0015 | PB-NY-0012-9000
Meehan, Gregory F. (New York)
PB-NY-0012-0012 | PB-NY-0012-9000
Newman, Mordecai (New York)
PB-NY-0012-0016 | PB-NY-0012-9000
Scheinkman, Alan D. (New York)
PB-NY-0012-0002 | PB-NY-0012-0011 | PB-NY-0012-9000
Spitzer, Eliot (New York)
PB-NY-0012-0004 | PB-NY-0012-0007 | PB-NY-0012-9000
Trentacoste, Linda (New York)
PB-NY-0012-0011 | PB-NY-0012-0012 | PB-NY-0012-0015 | PB-NY-0012-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

- click to show/hide ALL -

new search
page permalink

- top of page -