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Case Name Ligas v. Maram PB-IL-0004
Docket / Court 1:05-cv-04331 ( N.D. Ill. )
State/Territory Illinois
Case Type(s) Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
Public Benefits / Government Services
Special Collection Olmstead Cases
Attorney Organization ACLU Chapters (any)
NDRN/Protection & Advocacy Organizations
Case Summary
On July 28, 2005, nine individuals with developmental disabilities filed this lawsuit against the Illinois Department of Healthcare and Family Services, the Illinois Department of Human Services, and the Illinois Department of Public Health in the United States District Court for the Northern ... read more >
On July 28, 2005, nine individuals with developmental disabilities filed this lawsuit against the Illinois Department of Healthcare and Family Services, the Illinois Department of Human Services, and the Illinois Department of Public Health in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois. They alleged that they were eligible for long term care through state administered Medicaid Services but were forced to reside in large congregate care institutions rather than community based facilities as a condition of receiving care in violation of 42 U.S.C. § 1983, the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Medicaid Act, and the Rehabilitation Act. They sought declaratory and injunctive relief.

A group of developmentally disabled individuals who could receive community based care but did not wish to do so sought to intervene. On December 22, 2005, the district court (Judge James F. Holderman) denied this petition on the grounds that their rights were not at issue in the case. This group appealed, but on February 15, 2007, the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals (Judges Easterbrook, Kanne, and Williams) affirmed the district court. On March 7, 2006, the district court (Judge Holderman) certified a class consisting of all persons in Illinois with developmental disabilities who qualified for long term care and were capable of being cared for in a community based facility but were either institutionalized in large congregate care facilities or at risk of being so institutionalized.

The parties reached agreement on a consent decree and submitted it to the court on November 13, 2008. Numerous objections were filed by those who feared they would be forced into community based care or that institutionalized care would suffer because of the consent decree. On July 7, 2009, the court (Judge Holderman) refused to approve the consent decree and decertified the class on the grounds that the named plaintiffs did not represent class members who either were not eligible for community based treatment or did not wish to have such treatment. On August 31, 2009, the plaintiffs filed a second amended complaint narrowing the proposed class to only those individuals who had requested community based placements.

On January 25, 2010, the parties filed a revised consent decree and motion for class certification. On January 26, 2010, the United States filed a Statement of Interest in support of the revised consent decree. A number of previous objectors sought to intervene and on April 7, 2010, the court (Judge Holderman) granted their motion for limited intervention. The parties and the intervenors proceeded to negotiate and on January 11, 2011, the parties and intervenors filed a motion for class certification and preliminary approval of a new consent decree. The court (Judge Holderman) granted these motions on January 13, 2011. The consent decree provided for increased placement of developmentally disabled individuals into community based treatment programs should they desire it, a statewide database and waitlist, and the development of transition service plans. It also contained measures protecting institutionalized care, and called for various benchmarks and the appointment of a monitor. Judge Holderman approved the consent decree on June 15, 2011.

Since monitoring began in 2011, the monitor, Tony Records had filed three yearly reports, reporting one major instances of noncompliance in 2012 when an intermediate care facility serving 205 individuals closed quickly and residents were transitioned to new placements without the protected processes required by the consent degree. The 2013 report noted concerns about reimbursement to intermediate care facilities and other issues that would require additional efforts by the defendants.

On June 17, 2015, since Judge Holderman retired, the court Executive Committee reassigned the case to Judge Sharon Johnson Coleman.

In June of 2015, the Illinois state legislature faced a budget crisis, so the court (Judge Coleman), approved the parties' Agreed Order on June 30, 2015, that even in the absence of an FY2016 budget, the state of Illinois would continue to pay all service providers covered under the consent decree. However, in an order issued August 18, 2015, Judge Coleman noted that in absence of a state budget, the State Comptroller had issued letters describing the state's intent to only pay for services provided to members of the class covered by the consent decree. Since many services providers work with both class members and non-class members across the population with developmental disabilities, this practice put the entire population at risk, and Judge Coleman ordered that the state continue timely payments for all service providers. In response to an emergency motion filed by plaintiffs and intervenors, Judge Coleman issued another order on September 1, 2015, again ordering the state to make timely payments for services to individuals with developmental disabilities in the interim until the state passes an FY 2016 budget. This case is ongoing.

Michael Perry - 02/18/2011
Kate Craddock - 11/15/2015


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Benefit Source
Medicaid
Content of Injunction
Implement complaint/dispute resolution process
Monitor/Master
Monitoring
Preliminary relief granted
Recordkeeping
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
Disability
disability, unspecified
Integrated setting
Mental impairment
Discrimination-basis
Disability (inc. reasonable accommodations)
General
Classification / placement
Deinstitutionalization/decarceration
Housing
Housing assistance
Individualized planning
Payment for care
Placement in mental health facilities
Public benefits (includes, e.g., in-state tuition, govt. jobs)
Reassessment and care planning
Record-keeping
Wait lists
Medical/Mental Health
Intellectual/Developmental Disability
Mental health care, general
Mental Disability
Developmental disability without intellectual disability
Intellectual/developmental disability, unspecified
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action Title XIX of the Social Security (Medicaid) Act, 42 U.S.C §1396
Section 504 (Rehabilitation Act), 29 U.S.C. § 701
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 42 U.S.C. §§ 12111 et seq.
42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Illinois Department of Healthcare and Family Services
Illinois Department of Human Services
Illinois Department of Public Health
Plaintiff Description Nine individuals with developmental disabilities who are eligible for long term care through state administered Medicaid Services who are forced to reside in large congregrate care institutions as a condition of receiving that care.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations ACLU Chapters (any)
NDRN/Protection & Advocacy Organizations
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Attorneys fees
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 2011 - 2017
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Yes
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Insurer Must Pay $100.5 Million in Redlining Case
The New York Times
Written: Oct. 27, 1998
By: Joseph B. Treaster
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Nationwide Settles Virginia Redlining Suit
Property Casualty 360
Written: May. 06, 2000
By: Amanda Levin
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
06-1327 (U.S. Court of Appeals) 03/19/2007
PB-IL-0004-9001 PDF | Detail
Westlaw
1:05−cv−04331 (N.D. Ill.) 04/01/2013
PB-IL-0004-9000 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
PLAINTIFFS' RENEWED MOTION FOR CLASS CERTIFICATION 01/10/2006
PB-IL-0004-0001 PDF | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER REGARDING CLASS CERTIFICATION 03/07/2006 (2006 WL 644474) (N.D. Ill.)
PB-IL-0004-0002 PDF | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
First Amended Complaint 04/26/2006
PB-IL-0004-0003 PDF | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Opinion (Affirming the order of the district court to deny intervention) 02/15/2007 (478 F.3d 771)
PB-IL-0004-0004 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | External Link | Detail
[PROPOSED] CONSENT DECREE 11/08/2008
PB-IL-0004-0011 PDF | External Link | Detail
Order Decertifying Ligas Class 07/07/2009 (2009 WL 9057733) (N.D. Ill.)
PB-IL-0004-0008 PDF | WESTLAW | Detail
SECOND AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR DECLARATORY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF 08/31/2009
PB-IL-0004-0007 PDF | External Link | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
STATEMENT OF INTEREST OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 01/26/2010
PB-IL-0004-0006 PDF | External Link | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Opinion and Order (Granting Motion to Intervene) 04/07/2010 (2010 WL 1418583 / 2010 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 34122) (N.D. Ill.)
PB-IL-0004-0005 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | External Link | Detail
MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF JOINT MOTION FOR SETTLEMENT CLASS CERTIFICATION, PRELIMINARY APPROVAL OF CONSENT DECREE, AND APPROVAL OF NOTICE PLAN 01/11/2011
PB-IL-0004-0009 PDF | External Link | Detail
CONSENT DECREE 01/11/2011
PB-IL-0004-0012 PDF | External Link | Detail
NOTICE OF PROPOSED CLASS ACTION SETTLEMENT AND HEARING 01/13/2011
PB-IL-0004-0010 PDF | External Link | Detail
Consent Decree 06/15/2011 (N.D. Ill.)
PB-IL-0004-0016 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judgment Order 07/05/2011 (N.D. Ill.)
PB-IL-0004-0013 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Implementation Plan 12/15/2011
PB-IL-0004-0017 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 02/15/2012 (N.D. Ill.)
PB-IL-0004-0014 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
First Annual Report of the Monitor 09/27/2012
PB-IL-0004-0019 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Ligas Implementation Plan 2013 Revisions 02/15/2013
PB-IL-0004-0018 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 03/05/2013 (N.D. Ill.)
PB-IL-0004-0015 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Second Annual Report of the Monitor 10/01/2013
PB-IL-0004-0020 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Third Annual Report of the Monitor 10/01/2014
PB-IL-0004-0021 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order of the Executive Committee 06/17/2015 (N.D. Ill.)
PB-IL-0004-0022 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Order to Maintain Compliance with Consent Decree 06/30/2015 (N.D. Ill.)
PB-IL-0004-0023 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 08/18/2015 (N.D. Ill.)
PB-IL-0004-0024 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 09/01/2015 (N.D. Ill.)
PB-IL-0004-0025 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Ashman, Martin C. (N.D. Ill.) [Magistrate]
PB-IL-0004-0011 | PB-IL-0004-9000
Castillo, Ruben (N.D. Ill.)
PB-IL-0004-0022
Cole, Jeffrey N. (N.D. Ill.) [Magistrate]
PB-IL-0004-0012 | PB-IL-0004-0014 | PB-IL-0004-0016
Coleman, Sharon Johnson (N.D. Ill.)
PB-IL-0004-0023 | PB-IL-0004-0024 | PB-IL-0004-0025
Easterbrook, Frank Hoover (Seventh Circuit)
PB-IL-0004-0004
Holderman, James F. (N.D. Ill.)
PB-IL-0004-0002 | PB-IL-0004-0005 | PB-IL-0004-0008 | PB-IL-0004-0010 | PB-IL-0004-0011 | PB-IL-0004-0012 | PB-IL-0004-0013 | PB-IL-0004-0014 | PB-IL-0004-0015 | PB-IL-0004-0016 | PB-IL-0004-9000 | PB-IL-0004-9001
Kanne, Michael Stephen (N.D. Ind., Seventh Circuit)
PB-IL-0004-0004
Williams, Ann Claire (N.D. Ill., Seventh Circuit)
PB-IL-0004-0004
Monitors/Masters Records, Tony (Maryland)
PB-IL-0004-0019 | PB-IL-0004-0020 | PB-IL-0004-0021
Plaintiff's Lawyers Anderson, Erik Joseph (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-9000
Baker, Warren Von C. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-0012 | PB-IL-0004-9000
Burke, Kevin Francis (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-9000
Crain, William P. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-0012 | PB-IL-0004-9000
Ducayet, James Wallace (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-9000 | PB-IL-0004-9001
Enerson, Wendy N. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-0007 | PB-IL-0004-0009 | PB-IL-0004-0010 | PB-IL-0004-9000
Gallagher, Daniel Francis (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-9000
Gran, Judith A. (Pennsylvania)
PB-IL-0004-0001 | PB-IL-0004-0003 | PB-IL-0004-0007 | PB-IL-0004-9000
Grossbart, John I. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-0001 | PB-IL-0004-0003 | PB-IL-0004-0007 | PB-IL-0004-0009 | PB-IL-0004-0010 | PB-IL-0004-9000
Haley, Colin M. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-9000
Hartman, Kendra Kekelis (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-0001 | PB-IL-0004-0003 | PB-IL-0004-0007 | PB-IL-0004-0009 | PB-IL-0004-0010 | PB-IL-0004-9000
Lapertosa, Max (Pennsylvania)
PB-IL-0004-0001 | PB-IL-0004-0003 | PB-IL-0004-9000 | PB-IL-0004-9001
Linsenmaier, Samuel Phillip (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-9000
Lowy, Barry G. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-0001 | PB-IL-0004-0003 | PB-IL-0004-0007 | PB-IL-0004-0009 | PB-IL-0004-0010 | PB-IL-0004-9000
Lundy, Jason T. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-0012 | PB-IL-0004-9000
Miller, Laura J. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-0001 | PB-IL-0004-0003 | PB-IL-0004-0007 | PB-IL-0004-0009 | PB-IL-0004-0010 | PB-IL-0004-9000
Mullen, Edward B. III (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-0007 | PB-IL-0004-0009 | PB-IL-0004-0010 | PB-IL-0004-9000
Murer, Matthew Joseph (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-0012 | PB-IL-0004-9000
Shapiro, Corey M. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-0007 | PB-IL-0004-0009 | PB-IL-0004-0010 | PB-IL-0004-9000
Stalmack, Kathryn M. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-0012
Taylor, Barry Charlton (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-0001 | PB-IL-0004-0003 | PB-IL-0004-0007 | PB-IL-0004-0009 | PB-IL-0004-0010 | PB-IL-0004-0011 | PB-IL-0004-9000 | PB-IL-0004-9001
Thomas, Melissa A. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-0012 | PB-IL-0004-9000
Walden, Kenneth M. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-0001 | PB-IL-0004-0003 | PB-IL-0004-9000
Werner, Patricia A. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-9000
Whitcomb, John W. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-0001 | PB-IL-0004-0003 | PB-IL-0004-0007 | PB-IL-0004-0009 | PB-IL-0004-0010 | PB-IL-0004-9000
Wolf, Benjamin S. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-0001 | PB-IL-0004-0003 | PB-IL-0004-0007 | PB-IL-0004-0009 | PB-IL-0004-0010 | PB-IL-0004-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Flahaven, Kathleen K. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-0009 | PB-IL-0004-9000
Gange, Christopher (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-0009
Gangemi, Columbus R. Jr. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-9000
Huston, John E. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-0009 | PB-IL-0004-9000
Ioppolo, Thomas A. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-0009 | PB-IL-0004-9000
Konieczny, Karen (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-0009 | PB-IL-0004-9000
Stratton, Brent Douglas (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-0009 | PB-IL-0004-0011 | PB-IL-0004-0012 | PB-IL-0004-9000
Welsh, Mary E. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-9001
Other Lawyers Airdo, Michael Anthony (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-9000
Arden, James Daniel (New York)
PB-IL-0004-9000
Bingle, Robert J. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-9000
Breen, Philip L. (District of Columbia)
PB-IL-0004-0006
Brown, Burton A. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-0012 | PB-IL-0004-9000
Choslovsky, William (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-0012 | PB-IL-0004-9000 | PB-IL-0004-9000
Johnson, Patrick Walter (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-0006
Kiser, Thomas J. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-9000
Laser, Joan (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-0006
Lynn, Nicholas James (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-0012 | PB-IL-0004-9000
Mahoney, Patrick E. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-9000
Maisels, Amanda (District of Columbia)
PB-IL-0004-0006
Marks, Jason Michael (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-9000
Mendel, Scott M. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-0012 | PB-IL-0004-9000
Monberg, Jeffrey Mark (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-9000
O'Malley, Richard Francis (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-9000
Rato, Michael (New York)
PB-IL-0004-9000 | PB-IL-0004-9001
Relias, Alexandra Catherine (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-9000
Riley, Barbara A. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-0012
Schriver, John T. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-9000
Sherwin, Judith Schwartz (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-0012 | PB-IL-0004-9000
Walker, Eric Emerson (Illinois)
PB-IL-0004-9000
Wodatch, John L. (District of Columbia)
PB-IL-0004-0006
Wohlenhaus, Renee M. (District of Columbia)
PB-IL-0004-0006

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