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Case Name Radaszewski v. Garner PB-IL-0003
Docket / Court 1:01-cv-09551 ( N.D. Ill. )
State/Territory Illinois
Case Type(s) Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
Public Benefits / Government Services
Special Collection Olmstead Cases
Attorney Organization Legal Services/Legal Aid
NDRN/Protection & Advocacy Organizations
Case Summary
On December 1, 2000, parents of a physically and developmentally disabled individual filed a lawsuit under various Illinois state law claims against the Director of Illinois Department of Public Aid in the Circuit Court of the Eighteenth Judicial Circuit, DuPage County, Illinois. Plaintiff, ... read more >
On December 1, 2000, parents of a physically and developmentally disabled individual filed a lawsuit under various Illinois state law claims against the Director of Illinois Department of Public Aid in the Circuit Court of the Eighteenth Judicial Circuit, DuPage County, Illinois. Plaintiff, represented by Prairie State Legal Services, asked the court for declaratory and injunctive relief, claiming Defendant violated his rights when his in-home nursing services were reduced.

Plaintiff was diagnosed with brain cancer as a child; as a result of the cancer, a stroke, and subsequent treatment, Plaintiff presented a very complex medical case requiring round-the-clock care and about 25 medications per day. From the time between when Plaintiff's private medical insurance terminated and he turned twenty-one, Plaintiff received sixteen hours of in-home nursing per day under the Medicaid Program for Medically Fragile, Technology Dependent Children (MFTDC program). After he turned twenty-one, the Department of Healthcare and Family Services (HFS) reduced this to five hours of in-home nursing per day. Plaintiff and his parents desire community-based treatment, and state treatment professionals found that it was appropriate. Plaintiff's cost of care in a hospital ($29,000 per month) would exceed the cost of care in his home ($20,000 per month).

Plaintiff later amended the complaint to allege violations of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act (RA). On December 14, 2001, Defendants removed the case to the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois.

On April 30, 2002, the Court (Judge John W. Darrah) granted in part and denied in part Plaintiffs' motion to remand to state court. The Court remanded Plaintiffs' state law claims and retained jurisdiction of Plaintiffs' federal law claims.

The Court granted Defendants' motion for judging on the pleadings on September 10, 2002. The Court held that the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals' holding in Walker v. Snyder, 213 F.3d 344 (7th Cir. 2000), required that Plaintiffs' ADA claim under Title II fail. The Court also dismissed Plaintiffs' RA claims, holding that the RA does not require the State to create and fund a program that does not already exist; instead, the RA requires even-handed treatment of developmentally and physically disabled persons relative to persons who do not have disabilities.

On September 8, 2004, the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals (Judge Ilana Kara Diamond Rovner) reversed the District Court and remanded the case for further proceedings. Radaszewski v. Garner, 383 F.3d 599 (7th Cir. 2004). First, the Court recognized that the Supreme Court's holding in Board of Trustees of Univ. of Alabama v. Garrett, 531 U.S. 356 (2001) recognized the right of a private plaintiff to assert an ADA claim for injunctive relief against a state official in federal court. The Court then proceeded to the merits of Plaintiff's claim and concluded that the Court held that the District Court erred in entering judgment on the pleadings in Defendants' favor.

On March 29, 2006, the District Court found that there was no final enforceable settlement agreement between the parties. Radaszewski v. Maram, 2006 WL 861243 (N.D. Ill. Mar. 29, 2006). The parties had exchanged numerous settlement offers, both written and verbal, and had submitted memoranda regarding the status of the settlement proceedings. The parties had disagreed about whether an enforceable settlement agreement had been reached.

There was a bench trial beginning September 10, 2007. At time of trial, Plaintiff was receiving 16 hours of private-duty nursing per day pursuant to the injunction entered by the state court.

The Court issued its findings of fact and conclusions of law after the bench trial on March 26, 2008. Radaszewski v. Maram, 2008 WL 2097382 (N.D. Ill. Mar. 26, 2008). The Court held that Plaintiff had sufficiently stated and proved a claim under the ADA and RA. The Court entered judgment in Plaintiff's favor; the parties were ordered to meet, confer, and submit a proposed order setting forth appropriate relief consistent with the Court's opinion.

On May 9, 2008, the Court issued a permanent injunction. The order enjoined Defendant from reducing coverage for Plaintiff to less than sixteen hours per day of skilled nursing services at his parents' home. Plaintiff was also awarded costs and fees, and the Court retained jurisdiction for purposes of enforcing the injunction. The case was closed, and there has been no further litigation.

Haley Waller - 02/18/2011


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Benefit Source
Medicaid
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 42 U.S.C. §§ 12111 et seq.
State law
Section 504 (Rehabilitation Act), 29 U.S.C. § 701
Defendant(s) Director of the Illinois Department of Public Aid
Plaintiff Description Individual with developmental and physical disabilities.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations Legal Services/Legal Aid
NDRN/Protection & Advocacy Organizations
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 2008
Case Ongoing No
Docket(s)
1:01-cv-09551 (N.D. Ill.) 05/09/2008
PB-IL-0003-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
REPLY BRIEF OF PLAINTIFF-APPELLANT
PB-IL-0003-0030.pdf | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
AFFIDAVIT 09/01/2000
PB-IL-0003-0014.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
DEFENDANT’S ANSWER TO PLAINTIFF’S SUPPLEMENTAL COMPLAINT FOR INJUNCTIVE RELIEF 12/10/2001
PB-IL-0003-0020.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
NOTICE OF REMOVAL 12/14/2001
PB-IL-0003-0025.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF PLAINTIFF'S MOTION TO REMAND 01/30/2002
PB-IL-0003-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF PLAINTIFF’S MOTION FOR REMAND 01/30/2002
PB-IL-0003-0002.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
DEFENDANT’S MEMORANDUM IN OPPOSITION TO PLAINTIFF’S MOTION FOR REMAND 02/20/2002
PB-IL-0003-0004.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
PLAINTIFF'S REPLY BRIEF - MOTION FOR REMAND 03/07/2002
PB-IL-0003-0006.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
DEFENDANT'S MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF HER MOTION FOR JUDGMENT ON THE PLEADINGS 05/20/2002
PB-IL-0003-0008.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
DEFENDANT’S MOTION FOR JUDGMENT ON THE PLEADINGS 05/20/2002
PB-IL-0003-0009.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Response to Defendant’s Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings 06/18/2002
PB-IL-0003-0010.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
DEFENDANT’S REPLY MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF HER MOTION FOR JUDGMENT ON THE PLEADINGS 07/09/2002
PB-IL-0003-0011.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER 09/10/2002 (2002 WL 832598) (N.D. Ill.)
PB-IL-0003-0028.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
BRIEF AND REQUIRED SHORT APPENDIX OF PLAINTIFF-APPELLANT 10/09/2002
PB-IL-0003-0024.pdf | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER 10/16/2002 (N.D. Ill.)
PB-IL-0003-0029.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE ACCESS LIVING, THE AMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION OF ILLINOIS, EQUIP FOR EQUALITY, INC. AND THE ILLINOIS NETWORK OF CENTERS FOR INDEPENDENT LIVING IN SUPPORT OF PLAINTIFFS-APPELLANTS AND REQUESTING REVERSAL 11/27/2002
PB-IL-0003-0022.pdf | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
BRIEF FOR THE UNITED STATES AS AMICUS CURIAE SUPPORTING APPELLANTS AND URGING REVERSAL 11/29/2002
PB-IL-0003-0021.pdf | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
BRIEF OF DEFENDANT-APPELLEE BARRY MARAM 05/16/2003
PB-IL-0003-0023.pdf | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Untitled 09/08/2004 (383 F.3d 599)
PB-IL-0003-0031.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: U.S. Court of Appeals website
DEFENDANT’S RESPONSE TO PLAINTIFF’S MEMORANDUM REGARDING ENFORCEMENT OF SETTLEMENT AGREEMENT 02/10/2006
PB-IL-0003-0003.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiff’s Reply Memorandum Concerning Enforcement of the Settlement Agreement 02/24/2006
PB-IL-0003-0005.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER 03/29/2006 (2006 WL 861243) (N.D. Ill.)
PB-IL-0003-0027.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Response to the Supplemental Expert Report of Samuel S. Flint, Ph.D. June 8, 2007 07/03/2007
PB-IL-0003-0012.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiff’s Motion in Limine to Limit Testimony of Barbara Ginder 08/23/2007
PB-IL-0003-0013.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
REPORT of SAMUEL S. FLINT, Ph.D. 08/23/2007
PB-IL-0003-0032.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Closing Argument: Plaintiff’s Case 10/17/2007
PB-IL-0003-0015.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiff’s Proposed Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law 10/17/2007
PB-IL-0003-0016.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
DEFENDANT’S RESPONSE TO PLAINTIFF’S PROPOSED FINDINGS OF FACT AND DEFENDANT’S PROPOSED FINDINGS OF FACT 11/07/2007
PB-IL-0003-0017.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
DEFENDANT’S CLOSING ARGUMENT 11/07/2007
PB-IL-0003-0018.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiff’s Reply to Defendant’s Closing Argument 11/11/2007
PB-IL-0003-0019.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
OPINION AND ORDER 03/26/2008 (2008 WL 2097382) (N.D. Ill.)
PB-IL-0003-0026.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
ORDER 05/09/2008 (N.D. Ill.)
PB-IL-0003-0007.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Darrah, John W. (N.D. Ill.)
PB-IL-0003-0007 | PB-IL-0003-0026 | PB-IL-0003-0027 | PB-IL-0003-0028 | PB-IL-0003-0029 | PB-IL-0003-9000
Kanne, Michael Stephen (Seventh Circuit, N.D. Ind.)
PB-IL-0003-0031 | PB-IL-0003-9000
Rovner, Ilana Kara Diamond (Seventh Circuit, N.D. Ill.)
PB-IL-0003-0031 | PB-IL-0003-9000
Wood, Diane Pamela (Seventh Circuit)
PB-IL-0003-0031 | PB-IL-0003-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Abarbanel, Eliot (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0001 | PB-IL-0003-0002 | PB-IL-0003-0005 | PB-IL-0003-0006 | PB-IL-0003-0010 | PB-IL-0003-0024 | PB-IL-0003-0030 | PB-IL-0003-9000
Megan, Sarah (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0001 | PB-IL-0003-0002 | PB-IL-0003-0005 | PB-IL-0003-0006 | PB-IL-0003-0010 | PB-IL-0003-0013 | PB-IL-0003-0016 | PB-IL-0003-0019 | PB-IL-0003-0024 | PB-IL-0003-0030 | PB-IL-0003-9000
Shapiro, Bernard H. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0001 | PB-IL-0003-0002 | PB-IL-0003-0005 | PB-IL-0003-0006 | PB-IL-0003-0010 | PB-IL-0003-0015 | PB-IL-0003-0024 | PB-IL-0003-0030 | PB-IL-0003-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Adler, David (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0004 | PB-IL-0003-0008 | PB-IL-0003-0009 | PB-IL-0003-0011 | PB-IL-0003-0020 | PB-IL-0003-0025 | PB-IL-0003-9000
Gange, Christopher (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0003 | PB-IL-0003-0004 | PB-IL-0003-0008 | PB-IL-0003-0009 | PB-IL-0003-0011 | PB-IL-0003-0017 | PB-IL-0003-0018 | PB-IL-0003-0025 | PB-IL-0003-9000
Huston, John E. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0003 | PB-IL-0003-0017 | PB-IL-0003-0018 | PB-IL-0003-9000
Konieczny, Karen (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0003 | PB-IL-0003-0017 | PB-IL-0003-0018 | PB-IL-0003-9000
Madigan, Lisa (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0003 | PB-IL-0003-0017 | PB-IL-0003-0018 | PB-IL-0003-0023 | PB-IL-0003-9000
O'Connell, James C. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0004 | PB-IL-0003-0008 | PB-IL-0003-0009 | PB-IL-0003-0011 | PB-IL-0003-0020 | PB-IL-0003-0025 | PB-IL-0003-9000
Ryan, James E. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0004 | PB-IL-0003-0008 | PB-IL-0003-0009 | PB-IL-0003-0011 | PB-IL-0003-0020 | PB-IL-0003-0025 | PB-IL-0003-9000
Welsh, Mary E. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0023 | PB-IL-0003-9000
Other Lawyers Boyd, Ralph F. Jr. (District of Columbia)
PB-IL-0003-0021 | PB-IL-0003-9000
Harrington, Sarah E. (District of Columbia)
PB-IL-0003-0021 | PB-IL-0003-9000
Lapertosa, Max (Pennsylvania)
PB-IL-0003-0022 | PB-IL-0003-9000
Miller, Laura J. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0022 | PB-IL-0003-9000
Silver, Jessica Dunsay (District of Columbia)
PB-IL-0003-0021 | PB-IL-0003-9000
Taylor, Barry Charlton (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0022 | PB-IL-0003-9000
Walden, Kenneth M. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0022 | PB-IL-0003-9000
Whitcomb, John W. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0022 | PB-IL-0003-9000
Wolf, Benjamin S. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0022 | PB-IL-0003-9000

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