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Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Paige v. State of California EE-CA-0339
Docket / Court 2:94-cv-00083-CBM-CT ( C.D. Cal. )
State/Territory California
Case Type(s) Equal Employment
Attorney Organization ACLU Chapters (any)
Hadsell, Stormer & Renick
Case Summary
This lawsuit was filed on January 15, 1994, in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California, by a black California Highway Patrol (CHP) lieutenant. He brought this class action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §1983 on behalf of all current and future non-white CHP officers. Represented by ... read more >
This lawsuit was filed on January 15, 1994, in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California, by a black California Highway Patrol (CHP) lieutenant. He brought this class action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §1983 on behalf of all current and future non-white CHP officers. Represented by public interest attorneys and private counsel, he alleged that the promotion process of the CHP had a discriminatory impact on non-white officers in violation of Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. He further claimed that the CHP engaged in disparate treatment and retaliation.

On July 13, 1994, the District Court (Judge Consuelo B. Marshall) certified the plaintiff class. After a lengthy discovery period and a great number of submissions, the District Court found that the CHP's promotional process resulted in a disparate impact on the plaintiff class and, accordingly, granted partial summary judgment for the plaintiffs in March, 1995. On November 3, 1995, the District Court entered a preliminary injunction for the plaintiff. The CHP appealed.

The 9th Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed the class certification, but reversed the summary judgment ruling, vacated the preliminary injunction, and remanded for further factual findings. Paige v. State of California, 102 F.3d 1035 (9th Cir.1996). The Court also issued a table opinion in which addressed the jurisdiction issues. Paige v. State of California, No. 95-56669, 105 F.3d 666 (9th Cir. Dec. 20, 1996).

On remand, the District Court ordered additional discovery, and again granted partial summary judgment in the plaintiffs favor, on Aug. 13, 1998. After the state moved for reconsideration, the Court issued another opinion affirming its own prior ruling. On Jan. 19, 2001, the Court issued a preliminary injunction for the plaintiffs. Paige v. State of California, 2001 WL 128439 (C.D. Cal. Jan. 19, 2001). The CHP appealed. On May 31, 2002, the 9th Circuit reversed the summary judgment ruling, vacated the preliminary injunction, and again remanded the case, finding that material issues of fact meant that the employees' disparate impact claim should be resolved at trial, not before. The opinion was by Judge Stephen Reinhardt. Paige v. California, 291 F.3d 1141 (9th Cir. 2002), cert. denied 537 U.S. 1189 (2003).

The case proceeded to trial. At trial, a jury found in favor of the State on a claim of disparate treatment and the District Court (Judge Marshall) entered judgment in favor of the CHP on that claim on July 29, 2005. The Court further ruled in favor of the plaintiff on his retaliation claim but awarded no damages to the plaintiff. The Court ruled in favor of the defendants on the claim of disparate impact on November 7, 2004. The employees appealed. On May 16, 2007, the Circuit Court affirmed in an opinion by Judge Reinhardt, rejecting the plaintiffs' evidentiary arguments. Paige v. California, 233 F. App'x 646, 647 (9th Cir. 2007). This ended the case.

Emma Bao - 07/11/2013


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Content of Injunction
Discrimination Prohibition
Monitor/Master
Preliminary relief granted
Reporting
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
Law-enforcement
Discrimination-area
Pay / Benefits
Promotion
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Disparate Impact
Disparate Treatment
Retaliation
National Origin/Ethnicity
Hispanic
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Race
Black
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) State of California
Plaintiff Description A black California Highway Patrol (CHP) lieutenant unsatisfied with the promotion process on behalf of all current and future non-white CHP officers.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations ACLU Chapters (any)
Hadsell, Stormer & Renick
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Preliminary injunction / Temp. restraining order
None
Source of Relief None
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 2007
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Megacases, Diversity, and the Elusive Goal of Workplace Reform
Written: Mar. 01, 2008
By: Nancy Levit (University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law)
Citation: 49 B.C. L. Rev. 367 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Second Generation Employment Discrimination: A Structural Approach
By: Susan Sturm (Columbia Law School)
Citation: 101 Colum. L. Rev. 458 (2001)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
05-56064 (U.S. Court of Appeals) 07/22/2005
EE-CA-0339-9001.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
2:94−cv−00083 (C.D. Cal.) 06/19/2007
EE-CA-0339-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Opinion 12/20/1996 (105 F.3d 666)
EE-CA-0339-0005.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion 12/20/1996 (102 F.3d 1035)
EE-CA-0339-0010.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Granting Preliminary Injunction 01/19/2001 (2001 WL 128439) (C.D. Cal.)
EE-CA-0339-0001.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion 05/31/2002 (291 F.3d 1141)
EE-CA-0339-0006.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order from Court of Appeals (Reversing and Remanding Circuit Court's Decision) 08/02/2002
EE-CA-0339-0004.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Verdict Form 11/30/2003
EE-CA-0339-0007.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law 11/01/2004
EE-CA-0339-0008.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judgment (In Favor of Defendants on Claims of Disparate Impact) 11/17/2004 (C.D. Cal.)
EE-CA-0339-0002.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judgment (In Favor of Defendants On Claims of Disparate Treatment) 07/29/2005
EE-CA-0339-0003.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion 05/16/2007 (233 Fed.Appx. 646)
EE-CA-0339-0009.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Bybee, Jay S. (Ninth Circuit)
EE-CA-0339-0009
Hawkins, Michael Daly (Ninth Circuit)
EE-CA-0339-0005
Kozinski, Alex (Ninth Circuit)
EE-CA-0339-0005
Marshall, Consuelo Bland (C.D. Cal.)
EE-CA-0339-0001 | EE-CA-0339-0002 | EE-CA-0339-0003 | EE-CA-0339-0008 | EE-CA-0339-9000
Reinhardt, Stephen Roy (Ninth Circuit)
EE-CA-0339-0005 | EE-CA-0339-0006 | EE-CA-0339-0010
Silverman, Barry G. (D. Ariz., Ninth Circuit) [Magistrate]
EE-CA-0339-0009
Turchin, Carolyn (C.D. Cal.) [Magistrate]
EE-CA-0339-9000 | EE-CA-0339-9000
Wardlaw, Kim McLane (Ninth Circuit, C.D. Cal.)
EE-CA-0339-0009
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Bibring, Peter (California)
EE-CA-0339-9000
Dunlevy, Patrick Mark (California)
EE-CA-0339-9000
Harley, Dennis Michael (California)
EE-CA-0339-9000
Piovia-Scott, Joshua (California)
EE-CA-0339-9000
Renick, Randall R. (California)
EE-CA-0339-9000
Stormer, Dan Lewis (California)
EE-CA-0339-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Casey, Patricia A. (District of Columbia)
EE-CA-0339-9000
Cohn, Joel M. (District of Columbia)
EE-CA-0339-9000
Cooper, Celine M. (California)
EE-CA-0339-9000
Diaz, Silvia Maria (California)
EE-CA-0339-9000
Hong, Elizabeth (California)
EE-CA-0339-9000
Livingston, Donald R. (District of Columbia)
EE-CA-0339-9000
Milas, Martin H. (California)
EE-CA-0339-9000
Remy, John M. (District of Columbia)
EE-CA-0339-9000
Teslik, W. Randolph (District of Columbia)
EE-CA-0339-9000
Other Lawyers Romanski, Richard J. (California)
EE-CA-0339-9000
Willson, Jacqueline A. (California)
EE-CA-0339-9000

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