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Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Artis v. Greenspan EE-DC-0063
Docket / Court 1:01-cv-00400-EGS ( D.D.C. )
State/Territory District of Columbia
Case Type(s) Equal Employment
Special Collection Private Employment Class Actions
Case Summary
On February 22, 2001, African-American secretaries employed or formerly by the Federal Reserve Board (Board) filed a lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. §2000e in the United States District Court, District of Columbia. Plaintiffs, represented by private counsel, asked the court for compensatory, declaratory, ... read more >
On February 22, 2001, African-American secretaries employed or formerly by the Federal Reserve Board (Board) filed a lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. §2000e in the United States District Court, District of Columbia. Plaintiffs, represented by private counsel, asked the court for compensatory, declaratory, and injunctive relief, claiming that Defendant discriminated against them in employment on the basis of their race. Specifically, Plaintiffs alleged that Defendant operated a discriminatory system of promotions, advancements, salary increases, and management structure. Plaintiffs also claimed that Defendant obstructed their ability to access a fair and effective means of asserting their Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) complaints and retaliated against them by failing to process their EEO complaints.

Four of the plaintiffs were plaintiffs in a previously filed lawsuit, Artis v. Greenspan, 96-cv-2105 ("Artis I"). However, the plaintiffs in that case did not cooperate with EEO counselors, and the Board dismissed Artis I plaintiffs' administrative complaint in June 1996 (158 F.3d at 1307 quotes the Board's final agency action). Artis I plaintiffs then filed a complaint in the U.S. District Court, District of Columbia (96-2105). The Court held that the plaintiffs in that case had not exhausted their administrative remedies, and the D.C. Circuit upheld the dismissal of the case (158 F.3d at 1301).

The nineteen plaintiffs who are parties to this lawsuit then filed an agency-wide class action discrimination complaint with the Board on March 3, 1997. Plaintiffs filed this law suit on February 22, 2001, and the Court consolidated Civil Actions 01-400 and 99-2073. The second amended complaint was filed on August 21, 2002.

On September 22, 2002, the Court (Judge Emmet G. Sullivan) denied without prejudice Defendant's motion to dismiss for lack of subject matter jurisdiction because Plaintiffs had not exhausted their administrative remedies. Artis v. Greenspan, 223 F. Supp. 2d 149 (D. D.C. 2002). The Court also denied Defendant's motion to dismiss for failure to state a claim, holding that plaintiffs were not required to establish a prima facie case of employment discrimination in its initial pleadings.

On April 28, 2005, the Court ordered the parties to provide to it a single, consolidated document detailing the remaining discovery deemed by each party to be necessary, and relevant objections, in order for the Court to make a determination about the foundation for subject matter jurisdiction.

The Court dismissed the case with prejudice on January 31, 2007, because it found that Plaintiffs had failed to exhaust administrative remedies. Artis v. Greenspan, 474 F. Supp. 2d 16 (D. D.C. 2007).

On March 2, 2009, the Court denied Plaintiffs' motion to alter or amend the judgment pursuant to Rule 59(e) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Artis v. Greenspan, 256 F.R.D. 4 (D. D.C. 2009).

Plaintiffs filed a notice of appeal on April 7, 2009 (USCA Case Number 09−5121). There has been no further activity.

Haley Waller - 06/20/2010


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Discrimination-area
Harassment / Hostile Work Environment
Other Conditions of Employment (including assignment, transfer, hours, working conditions, etc)
Pay / Benefits
Promotion
Seniority
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Disparate Treatment
Pattern or Practice
Retaliation
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Race
Black
Causes of Action Title VII (including PDA), 42 U.S.C. § 2000e
Defendant(s) Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System
Plaintiff Description African-American secretaries brought class action against Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System alleging race discrimination and retaliation.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief None
Source of Relief None
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 2007
Case Ongoing Yes
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Megacases, Diversity, and the Elusive Goal of Workplace Reform
Written: Mar. 01, 2008
By: Nancy Levit (University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law)
Citation: 49 B.C. L. Rev. 367 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Second Generation Employment Discrimination: A Structural Approach
By: Susan Sturm (Columbia Law School)
Citation: 101 Colum. L. Rev. 458 (2001)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
1:99-cv-02073-EGS (D.D.C.) 09/26/2002
EE-DC-0063-9001.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
1:01-cv-00400-EGS (D.D.C.) 04/10/2009
EE-DC-0063-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER (Denying motion to dismiss without prejudice) 09/25/2002 (223 F.Supp.2d 149) (D.D.C.)
EE-DC-0063-0011.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
ORDER (Governing scope of discovery) 04/28/2005 (D.D.C.)
EE-DC-0063-0005.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
PARTIES’ JOINT RESPONSE TO COURT ORDER OF APRIL 28TH, 2005 08/01/2005
EE-DC-0063-0004.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
DEFENDANT'S MOTION AND MEMORANDUM REGARDING PLAINTIFFS’ FAILURE TO SATISFY ADMINISTRATIVE COUNSELING REQUIREMENTS 09/08/2005
EE-DC-0063-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
PLAINTIFFS’ REPLY TO DEFENDANT’S RESPONSES TO COURT ORDERED DOCUMENT PRODUCTION AND RESPONSE TO DEFENDANT’S MOTION TO DISMISS 10/11/2005
EE-DC-0063-0002.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
DEFENDANT’S REPLY REGARDING PLAINTIFFS’ FAILURE TO SATISFY ADMINISTRATIVE COUNSELING REQUIREMENTS 10/24/2005
EE-DC-0063-0003.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
ORDER (Dismissing with prejudice) 01/31/2007 (D.D.C.)
EE-DC-0063-0006.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
MEMORANDUM OPINION (Granting Defendant's motion to dismiss) 01/31/2007 (474 F.Supp.2d 16) (D.D.C.)
EE-DC-0063-0007.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
PLAINTIFFS’ SUPPLEMENTAL BRIEF - WHETHER INDIVIDUAL PLAINTIFF TIMELY EXHAUSTED ADMINISTRATIVE REMEDIES 03/12/2008
EE-DC-0063-0009.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
DEFENDANT’S SUPPLEMENTAL BRIEF ON THE ISSUE OF EXHAUSTION 03/26/2008
EE-DC-0063-0010.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER (Denying 59(e) motion) 03/02/2009 (256 F.R.D. 4) (D.D.C.)
EE-DC-0063-0008.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Sullivan, Emmet G. (D.D.C.)
EE-DC-0063-0005 | EE-DC-0063-0006 | EE-DC-0063-0007 | EE-DC-0063-0008 | EE-DC-0063-0011 | EE-DC-0063-9000 | EE-DC-0063-9001
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Charlton, Walter T (District of Columbia)
EE-DC-0063-0002 | EE-DC-0063-0004 | EE-DC-0063-0009 | EE-DC-0063-9000 | EE-DC-0063-9001
Defendant's Lawyers Kuray, John L. (District of Columbia)
EE-DC-0063-0001 | EE-DC-0063-0003 | EE-DC-0063-0004 | EE-DC-0063-0010 | EE-DC-0063-9000 | EE-DC-0063-9001
Willner, Kenneth M (District of Columbia)
EE-DC-0063-0001 | EE-DC-0063-0003 | EE-DC-0063-0004 | EE-DC-0063-0010 | EE-DC-0063-9000 | EE-DC-0063-9001
Other Lawyers None on record

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