University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Black Probation Officers Association v. Los Angeles County EE-CA-0330
Docket / Court 2:94-cv-03432-CAS-SH ( C.D. Cal. )
State/Territory California
Case Type(s) Equal Employment
Attorney Organization NAACP Legal Defense Fund
Case Summary
On May 25, 1994, individual black probation officers and the Black Probation Officers Association in Los Angeles filed this class action in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California against the Los Angeles County and its probation department. The plaintiffs, represented by ... read more >
On May 25, 1994, individual black probation officers and the Black Probation Officers Association in Los Angeles filed this class action in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California against the Los Angeles County and its probation department. The plaintiffs, represented by attorneys from the NAACP Legal Defense & Educational Fund and private counsel, alleged that the probation department's hiring and promotion practices were discriminatory against the minority groups, in violation of Title VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000d et seq.

On December 19, 1994, the District Court (Judge David V. Kenyon) denied the defendants' motion to dismiss the case. On July 25, 1997, the Court granted the motion of the Los Angeles County Chicano Employees Association to intervene as an intervenor plaintiff. On the same day, the Court granted the plaintiffs' class certification motion. The case was later transferred to Judge Christina A. Snyder due to retirement of Judge Kenyon.

On April 10, 2000, the parties filed a joint motion for final approval of the Court, in which they stipulated a settlement agreement. The Court (Judge Snyder) approved the settlement at the June 2, 2000 hearing, finding it fair and adequate. Several members of the plaintiff class filed objections, and Judge Snyder addressed and rejected them in her July 5, 2000 opinion.

The settlement agreement is unfortunately not available. According to the July 5, 2000 opinion, the Court noted that the settlement sought to promote structural relief. It provided the plaintiff class members with a right to get involved in developing non-discriminatory policies and standards for hiring and promotion, coupled with a dispute-resolution process, and such development had to comply with Title VI. The agreement also provided payments to those plaintiffs whose back pay claims were likely to succeed, and allocated class-wide monetary damages.

According to a news article from Los Angeles Times, "the probation department agreed not to engage in any hiring or promotion practices that have a 'disparate adverse impact' on African Americans, Latinos or other minority groups." The department would implement a new method for job-assignments for certain branches, and it would keep an outside consultant. Additionally, it agreed to spend an extra $600,000 to $1.4 million a year to hire more staff at seven inner-city offices. In terms of monetary relief, the named plaintiffs in the suit would share a $350,000 award from the County. An additional $615,000 was for employees who took certain promotional exams and were rejected, and the County was to pay $900,000 as attorneys' fees.

Emma Bao - 07/18/2013


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Content of Injunction
Develop anti-discrimination policy
Discrimination Prohibition
Hire
Implement complaint/dispute resolution process
Defendant-type
Corrections
Discrimination-area
Hiring
Other Conditions of Employment (including assignment, transfer, hours, working conditions, etc)
Pay / Benefits
Promotion
Discrimination-basis
National origin discrimination
Race discrimination
General
Disparate Impact
National Origin/Ethnicity
Hispanic
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Race
Black
Causes of Action Title VII (including PDA), 42 U.S.C. § 2000e
Title VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000d et seq.
Defendant(s) Los Angeles County
Plaintiff Description Individual black probation officers, the Black Probation Officers Association and the Los Angeles County Chicano Employees Association on behalf of African American and Latino employees at the probation department.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations NAACP Legal Defense Fund
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Attorneys fees
Damages
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 2000 - n/a
Case Closing Year 2000
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Megacases, Diversity, and the Elusive Goal of Workplace Reform
Written: Mar. 01, 2008
By: Nancy Levit (University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law)
Citation: 49 B.C. L. Rev. 367 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Second Generation Employment Discrimination: A Structural Approach
By: Susan Sturm (Columbia Law School)
Citation: 101 Colum. L. Rev. 458 (2001)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
2:94−cv−03432 (C.D. Cal.) 04/22/2005
EE-CA-0330-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Findings of Fact Regarding Objections to Proposed Settlement 07/05/2000 (C.D. Cal.)
EE-CA-0330-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Removing Case from Active List Due to Settlement 08/24/2000 (C.D. Cal.)
EE-CA-0330-0002.pdf | Detail
Judges Snyder, Christina A. (C.D. Cal.)
EE-CA-0330-0001 | EE-CA-0330-0002 | EE-CA-0330-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Evans, Gregory L. (California)
EE-CA-0330-9000
Garcia, Robert (California)
EE-CA-0330-9000
Kawahara, James K. (California)
EE-CA-0330-9000
Lee, Bill Lann (California)
EE-CA-0330-9000
Moreno, Gilberto Y. (California)
EE-CA-0330-9000
Munger, Molly (California)
EE-CA-0330-9000
Olmos, R Thomas (California)
EE-CA-0330-9000
Reed, Kevin S. (California)
EE-CA-0330-9000
Rice, Constance L. (District of Columbia)
EE-CA-0330-9000
Shaw, Theodore M. (California)
EE-CA-0330-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Baker, Clifton A. (California)
EE-CA-0330-9000
Clinton, DeWitt W. (California)
EE-CA-0330-9000
Curtis, Sheilah Cooper (California)
EE-CA-0330-9000
Cvitan, Alexander Bernard (California)
EE-CA-0330-9000
House, Calvin R. (California)
EE-CA-0330-9000
Lizardo, Esteban D. (California)
EE-CA-0330-9000
Morris, Stephen Robert (California)
EE-CA-0330-9000
Rutkowski, James M. (California)
EE-CA-0330-9000
Varga, James G. (California)
EE-CA-0330-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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