University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Snow v. Enterprise Leasing Co. of St. Louis EE-MO-0111
Docket / Court 4:2000-cv-016 ( E.D. Mo. )
State/Territory Missouri
Case Type(s) Equal Employment
Special Collection IWPR/Wage Project Consent Decree Study
Private Employment Class Actions
Case Summary
On October 24, 2000, eight black individuals filed a class action complaint in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri (St. Louis), alleging that their employer, Enterprise Leasing Company of St. Louis and its parent company, Enterprise Rent-A-Car, engaged in racially ... read more >
On October 24, 2000, eight black individuals filed a class action complaint in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri (St. Louis), alleging that their employer, Enterprise Leasing Company of St. Louis and its parent company, Enterprise Rent-A-Car, engaged in racially discriminatory practices in promotion and hiring. The plaintiffs claimed that Enterprise was in violation of Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act (42 U.S.C. § 2000e), The Civil Rights Act of 1866 (42 U.S.C. § 1981) and portions of the Missouri Human Rights Act (MHRA).

On May 3, 2002, Judge Jean C. Hamilton of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri (St. Louis) certified two sub-classes, a "Promotion Sub-Class" (all African American individuals employed by the company at any time between October 1, 1995 and December 31, 2001) and a "Hiring Sub-Class" (all African Americans who unsuccessfully applied for positions with the company between October 1, 1995 and December 31, 2001.)



On May 3, 2002, Judge Hamilton signed a consent decree which required the defendants to pay $2.3 million in damages to the two sub-classes and the named plaintiffs, and included injunctive relief requiring the company to make changes in the way it advertises and publicizes available jobs as well as how it communicates with those who are turned down jobs within the company.

The consent Decree has a three year term, beginning May 3, 2002.

David Miller - 04/14/2010


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
Male
Content of Injunction
Follow recruitment, hiring, or promotion protocols
Other requirements regarding hiring, promotion, retention
Promotion
Reasonable Accommodation
Utilize objective hiring/promotion criteria
Utilize objective job description
Defendant-type
Retailer
Discrimination-area
Hiring
Promotion
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Disparate Treatment
Pattern or Practice
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Race
Black
Causes of Action Title VII (including PDA), 42 U.S.C. § 2000e
42 U.S.C. § 1981
Defendant(s) Enterprise Leasing Company of St. Louis
Plaintiff Description A certified class consisting of two sub classes, Promotion and Hiring, defined as all African American individuals who were employed or applied for employment with Enterprise Leasing Company of St. Louis at any time between 10/1/1995 and 12/31/2001.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Damages
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 2002 - 2005
Case Closing Year 2003
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Megacases, Diversity, and the Elusive Goal of Workplace Reform
Written: Mar. 01, 2008
By: Nancy Levit (University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law)
Citation: 49 B.C. L. Rev. 367 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Second Generation Employment Discrimination: A Structural Approach
By: Susan Sturm (Columbia Law School)
Citation: 101 Colum. L. Rev. 458 (2001)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
4:2000−cv−016 (E.D. Mo.) 09/19/2003
EE-MO-0111-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
STIPULATION AND AGREEMENT OF COMPROMISE AND SETTLEMENT/CONSENT DECREE 05/03/2002
EE-MO-0111-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Hamilton, Jean Constance (E.D. Mo.)
EE-MO-0111-0001 | EE-MO-0111-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Berns, Jonathan C. (Missouri)
EE-MO-0111-0001 | EE-MO-0111-9000
Dobson, Jerome J. (Missouri)
EE-MO-0111-0001 | EE-MO-0111-9000
Rich, Gregory A. (Missouri)
EE-MO-0111-9000
Spriggs, Peter Kent (Florida)
EE-MO-0111-0001 | EE-MO-0111-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Garland, Burton D. Jr. (Missouri)
EE-MO-0111-9000
Linihan, D. Michael (Missouri)
EE-MO-0111-0001 | EE-MO-0111-9000
Roither, Shelley M. (Missouri)
EE-MO-0111-0001 | EE-MO-0111-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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