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Case Name V.L. v. Wagner DR-CA-0027
Docket / Court 4:09-cv-4668 ( N.D. Cal. )
State/Territory California
Case Type(s) Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
Public Benefits / Government Services
Special Collection Olmstead Cases
Attorney Organization Legal Services/Legal Aid
NDRN/Protection & Advocacy Organizations
Case Summary
On October 1, 2009, several disabled individuals requiring in-home support services filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California. The plaintiffs sued under the federal Americans with Disabilities Act, 42 U.S.C. § 12312, against the California Department of ... read more >
On October 1, 2009, several disabled individuals requiring in-home support services filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California. The plaintiffs sued under the federal Americans with Disabilities Act, 42 U.S.C. § 12312, against the California Department of Social Services and California Department of Health Care Services. Due to recent budget cuts, the defendants planned on cutting funds for In-Home Supportive Services (IHSS) needed by the plaintiffs.

The plaintiffs, represented by attorneys from Disability Rights California, in addition to other organizations and private counsel, sought a preliminary injunction and relief for attorneys' fees claiming that a change in state law affecting disbursement of IHSS benefits violated the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Medicaid Act, the Rehabilitation Act, the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, as well as the Medicaid Maintenance of Effort Clause of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. The purpose of the IHSS program was "to enable the aged, blind or disabled poor to avoid institutionalization by remaining in their homes with proper supportive services." Cal. Welf. & Inst. Code § 12300(a).

When this case was brought, state budget cuts affecting IHSS services were scheduled to occur on November 1, 2009. Over 130,000 people with disabilities would have been affected by the implementation of IHSS budget cuts. IHSS services provide personal care for disabled people, along with services such as meal preparation, laundry, and housecleaning. Service providers also receive pay from the IHSS program for caring for disabled people. In addition, seniors with disabilities utilize IHSS services to avoid living in nursing homes, which are more costly than at-home services (Disability Rights California, 2009).

Through the proposed budget cuts in California during this case, these services would have been eliminated or severely reduced for seniors and other disabled persons. The plaintiffs claimed that reducing or eliminating pay from providers would cause serious and irreparable harm to the disabled people they served. The cuts would place these individuals at risk of unnecessary institutionalization, in violation of the Americans with Disabilities Act under the 1999 Supreme Court precedent, Olmstead v. L.C.

On October 1, 2009, the plaintiffs filed a class action complaint for injunctive and declaratory relief against California Department of Health Care Services and California Department of Social Services. The complaint sought relief to "prevent over one hundred thousand low-income seniors and individuals with disabilities from losing critical services that enable them to remain safely in their homes." (Compl., V.L. v. Wagner, p.1).

The plaintiffs charged that implementing ABX4 4, the newest statutory provisions cutting IHSS funds, would have made thousands of current IHSS recipients ineligible for all IHSS services based on the Functional Index Score. Plaintiffs claimed ABX4 4 provisions would cause "immediate and irreparable" harm to IHSS recipients by depriving them of services necessary to remain safely in one's home. The Functional Index Score is a measuring system that plaintiffs charge does not determine eligbility or need amongst individuals, but rather measured data between counties. ABX4 4 was set to be implemented on November 1, 2009.

On October 5, 2009, the plaintiffs moved for a temporary restraining order and preliminary injunction, to halt defendants from mailing notices that IHSS benefits had been reduced or terminated. The timing of these mailings was crucial to the health of disabled people receiving IHSS services, as well as IHSS providers.

On October 14, the plaintiffs filed an emergency application for a temporary restraining order and requested an immediate hearing. The defendants had informed the plaintiffs that notices would be mailed to IHSS recipients beginning the next day, October 15, 2009, and would cut benefits for individuals. The plaintiffs claimed that the defendants failed to provide adequate notice and opportunity to be heard prior to depriving the plaintiffs of necessary IHSS services, thus violating due process, as well as the Medicaid Act's notice and hearing provisions. The plaintiffs asked the court on October 19, 2009, to issue a preliminary injunction to stop the Department of Health Care Services and Department of Social Services from sending out notices to IHSS recipients that their benefits would be ending.

On October 19, 2009, U.S. District Court Judge Claudia Wilken ruled that the state of California could not go ahead with cutting funding for In-Home Supportive Services affecting over 130,000 disabled people in California. In a written order and opinion on October 23, 2009, the Court ordered the defendants to ensure no delay in paying benefits to IHSS providers, even if defendants had planned on terminating their eligibility. The defendants appealed this order to the Ninth Circuit.

Between November 6 and 10, 2009, the defendants failed to follow the court orders and mailed incorrect time-cards to 6,000 IHSS providers and about 3,000 IHSS recipients. Some time-cards listed 0 hours for providers and terminated services for recipients.

At a November 19, 2009 hearing, Judge Wilken granted the plaintiffs' motion for civil contempt sanctions and enforced the preliminary injunction. The Court ordered the defendants to send supplemental checks to providers who were not paid for hours worked in November 2009. The Court further awarded reasonable attorneys' fees and costs incurred to the plaintiffs.

The officials had also failed to notify counties of instructions to issue paychecks for IHSS providers who received incorrect time-cards. On November 30, 2009, Judge Wilken ordered the officials to provide supplemental time-cards to IHSS providers. This order meant that IHSS providers were able to receive pay for all the hours they had worked for November in 2009.

In early 2010, the plaintiffs filed an amended complaint and the defendants filed a motion to dismiss that complaint. On April 23, 2010, the parties agreed to stay all district court proceedings pending the resolution of the defendants' appeal of the preliminary injunction grant.

While the preliminary injunction was in place and the district court litigation was stayed, the California legislature re-wrote the applicable statutes to modify the IHSS coverage formula. SB 73, which was signed by the Governor on June 30, 2011, aims to reduce all IHSS hours by 20%. The new regime under SB 73 would contain a number of exemptions and would also provide recipients with an opportunity to request additional service hours in light of the across-the-board reductions. SB 73 was set to take effect on January 1, 2012.

In light of SB 73, the plaintiffs amended their complaint and filed a motion for a temporary restraining order and preliminary injunction on December 1, 2011. The judge granted a temporary restraining order, and after a January hearing, issued an order enjoining implementation of SB 73 on March 2, 2012. The defendants again appealed this order to the Ninth Circuit.

Ultimately, the parties reached a settlement and submitted it for the court's approval on March 28, 2013. In an order on May 23, 2013, Judge Wilken granted final approval of the settlement. The settlement prevented the planned permanent 20% cut and replaced it with smaller temporary reductions. Following the California legislature's action on these changes, the parties moved jointly on August 7, 2013, to dismiss the case and pending appeals, including the appeal to the Ninth Circuit, as set out in the settlement. In an order filed September 3, 2014, Judge Wilken approved a modification to the settlement agreement submitted by both parties agreeing to cooperation in 2015 on legislation to authorize an assessment on home care services, and subsequent submission of the assessment to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) for approval. We do not have information about how CMS proceeded on the assessment. The parties agreed that the district court would retain jurisdiction for 30 months after the date of CMS approval or disapproval of the assessment.

The parties agreed to come back to the district court if there were problems with this process. The 2015 California state budget, SB 97, eliminated the remaining 7% cut to IHSS services starting July 1, 2015, and lasting until June 30, 2016. The legislature will need to address a funding source for avoiding this cut in the next yearly budget.

Beth Kurtz - 04/12/2013
Kate Craddock - 10/29/2015


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Benefit Source
Medicaid
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Content of Injunction
Preliminary relief granted
Reasonable Accommodation
Defendant-type
Hospital/Health Department
Jurisdiction-wide
Disability
disability, unspecified
Integrated setting
Least restrictive environment
Discrimination-basis
Disability (inc. reasonable accommodations)
General
Deinstitutionalization/decarceration
Public benefits (includes, e.g., in-state tuition, govt. jobs)
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action Title XIX of the Social Security (Medicaid) Act, 42 U.S.C §1396
State law
Section 504 (Rehabilitation Act), 29 U.S.C. § 701
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 42 U.S.C. §§ 12111 et seq.
Defendant(s) California Department of Social Services, California Department of Health Care Services
Plaintiff Description Over 130,000 low-income seniors and other people with disabilities in California, threatened with the loss of critical In-Home Supportive Services (IHSS) that enable them to remain safely in their homes.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations Legal Services/Legal Aid
NDRN/Protection & Advocacy Organizations
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Preliminary injunction / Temp. restraining order
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 2009 - n/a
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Yes
Case Listing DR-CA-0031 : Dominguez v. Schwarzenegger (N.D. Cal.)
Docket(s)
4:09-cv-4668 (N.D. Cal.) 09/03/2014
DR-CA-0027-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
CLASS ACTION COMPLAINT FOR INJUNCTIVE AND DECLARATORY RELIEF 10/01/2009
DR-CA-0027-0030.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Amended Class Action Complaint for Injunctive and Declaratory Relief 10/05/2009
DR-CA-0027-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
NOTICE OF MOTION AND MOTION FOR TEMPORARY RESTRAINING ORDER AND/OR PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION; MEMORANDUM OF POINTS AND AUTHORITIES IN SUPPORT THEREOF 10/05/2009
DR-CA-0027-0006.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
PLAINTIFFS’ NOTICE OF MOTION AND MOTION FOR CLASS CERTIFICATION; MEMORANDUM OF POINTS AND AUTHORITIES IN SUPPORT 10/05/2009
DR-CA-0027-0007.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
DEFENDANTS’ REQUEST FOR RECONSIDERATION OF OCTOBER 14, 2009 ORDER GRANTING EMERGENCY TEMPORARY RESTRAINING ORDER 10/05/2009
DR-CA-0027-0008.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
PLAINTIFFS’ OPPOSITION TO DEFENDANTS’ ADMINISTRATIVE MOTION PURSUANT TO LOCAL RULE 7-11 TO CONDUCT LIMITED DISCOVERY OF NAMED PLAINTIFFS 10/06/2009
DR-CA-0027-0009.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
ORDER (1) GRANTING MOTION TO HEAR PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION MOTION ON SHORTENED TIME; (2) SETTING BRIEFING SCHEDULE; AND (3) DENYING DEFENDANTS’ MOTION FOR EXPEDITED DISCOVERY 10/06/2009 (N.D. Cal.)
DR-CA-0027-0010.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
OPPOSITION TO DEFENDANTS' REQUEST FOR RECONSIDERATION OF OCTOBER 7, 2009 ORDER RE BRIEFING SCHEDULE AND HEARING DATE 10/07/2009
DR-CA-0027-0011.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
ORDER DENYING CALIFORNIA STATE DEFENDANTS’ REQUEST FOR RECONSIDERATION OF OCTOBER 7, 2009 ORDER RE BRIEFING SCHEDULE AND HEARING DATE 10/09/2009 (N.D. Cal.)
DR-CA-0027-0012.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
DEFENDANTS’ OPPOSITION TO PLAINTIFFS’ MOTION FOR TEMPORARY RESTRAINING ORDER AND/OR PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION 10/13/2009
DR-CA-0027-0013.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
ORDER GRANTING EMERGENCY TEMPORARY RESTRAINING ORDER 10/14/2009 (N.D. Cal.)
DR-CA-0027-0005.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
EMERGENCY EX PARTE APPLICATION FOR A TEMPORARY RESTRAINING ORDER 10/14/2009
DR-CA-0027-0014.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
REPLY IN SUPPORT OF PLAINTIFFS’ MOTION FOR PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION 10/15/2009
DR-CA-0027-0015.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Preliminary Injunction 10/19/2009
DR-CA-0027-0003.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Minute Order 10/19/2009 (N.D. Cal.)
DR-CA-0027-0004.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
ORDER GRANTING PLAINTIFFS’ MOTION FOR A PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION 10/23/2009 (669 F.Supp.2d 1106) (N.D. Cal.)
DR-CA-0027-0002.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Plaintiffs' counsel
PLAINTIFFS’ MOTION FOR CIVIL CONTEMPT SANCTIONS OR IN THE ALTERNATIVE FOR A FURTHER PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION; MEMORANDUM OF POINTS AND AUTHORITIES IN SUPPORT 11/10/2009
DR-CA-0027-0018.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
COURT TRANSCRIPT OF PROCEEDINGS FROM NOVEMBER 19TH, 2009 11/19/2009
DR-CA-0027-0021.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
ORDER GRANTING IN PART PLAINTIFFS' MOTION FOR CIVIL CONTEMPT SANCTIONS AND ENFORCING INJUNCTION 11/25/2009 (2009 WL 4282079) (N.D. Cal.)
DR-CA-0027-0031.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
ORDER ON SUPPLEMENTAL NOTICE TO COUNTIES RE: PROVIDER TIME-CARDS FOR HOURS WORKED IN NOVEMBER, 2009 11/30/2009 (N.D. Cal.)
DR-CA-0027-0019.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
SECOND AMENDED CLASS ACTION COMPLAINT FOR INJUNCTIVE AND DECLARATORY RELIEF 01/05/2010
DR-CA-0027-0017.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
DEFENDANTS’ NOTICE OF MOTION AND MOTION TO DISMISS PORTIONS OF PLAINTIFFS’ SECOND AMENDED COMPLAINT; MEMORANDUM OF POINTS AND AUTHORITIES IN SUPPORT THEREOF 02/02/2010
DR-CA-0027-0020.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Ex Parte Application for Temporary Restraining Order and Order to Show Cause Why Preliminary Injunction Should Not Issue 12/01/2011
DR-CA-0027-0022.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Granting Application for Temporary Restraining Order and Order to Show Cause Why a Preliminary Injunction Should Not Issue 12/01/2011 (N.D. Cal.)
DR-CA-0027-0023.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiffs' Notice of Motion and Motion for Class Certification; Memorandum of Points and Authorities in Support 12/01/2011
DR-CA-0027-0024.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Statement of Interest of the United States of America 01/09/2012
DR-CA-0027-0025.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Granting Plaintiffs' Motion for Class Certification 03/02/2012 (2012 WL 685808) (N.D. Cal.)
DR-CA-0027-0026.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Granting Plaintiffs' Request for a Preliminary Injunction 03/02/2012 (2012 WL 691833) (N.D. Cal.)
DR-CA-0027-0027.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Notice of Motion and Motion for Preliminary Approval of Class Settlement Agreement, and for Order Directing Notice to the Class and Scheduling a Fairness Hearing 03/28/2013
DR-CA-0027-0029.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Granting Preliminary Approval of Class Settlement Agreement, Directing Notice to the Class, and Setting a Schedule and Fairness Hearing 04/04/2013 (N.D. Cal.)
DR-CA-0027-0028.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Granting Final Approval of Class Settlement 05/23/2013 (N.D. Cal.)
DR-CA-0027-0033.pdf | Detail
Document Source: Bloomberg Law
Joint Notice and Request for Dismissal; Order 07/08/2013 (N.D. Cal.)
DR-CA-0027-0035.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Stipulation to Amend Settlement Agreement; Order 09/03/2014 (N.D. Cal.)
DR-CA-0027-0034.pdf | Detail
Document Source: Bloomberg Law
Judges White, Jeffrey Steven (N.D. Cal.)
DR-CA-0027-0010
Wilken, Claudia Ann (N.D. Cal.) [Magistrate]
DR-CA-0027-0002 | DR-CA-0027-0003 | DR-CA-0027-0004 | DR-CA-0027-0005 | DR-CA-0027-0012 | DR-CA-0027-0019 | DR-CA-0027-0021 | DR-CA-0027-0023 | DR-CA-0027-0026 | DR-CA-0027-0027 | DR-CA-0027-0028 | DR-CA-0027-0031 | DR-CA-0027-0033 | DR-CA-0027-0034 | DR-CA-0027-0035 | DR-CA-0027-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Berzon, Stephen P. (California)
DR-CA-0027-0001 | DR-CA-0027-0004 | DR-CA-0027-0006 | DR-CA-0027-0007 | DR-CA-0027-0009 | DR-CA-0027-0011 | DR-CA-0027-0014 | DR-CA-0027-0015 | DR-CA-0027-0017 | DR-CA-0027-0018 | DR-CA-0027-0021 | DR-CA-0027-0022 | DR-CA-0027-0024 | DR-CA-0027-0030 | DR-CA-0027-0034 | DR-CA-0027-9000
Bird, Melinda R. (California)
DR-CA-0027-0001 | DR-CA-0027-0004 | DR-CA-0027-0006 | DR-CA-0027-0007 | DR-CA-0027-0009 | DR-CA-0027-0011 | DR-CA-0027-0014 | DR-CA-0027-0015 | DR-CA-0027-0017 | DR-CA-0027-0018 | DR-CA-0027-0021 | DR-CA-0027-0022 | DR-CA-0027-0024 | DR-CA-0027-0029 | DR-CA-0027-0030 | DR-CA-0027-0034 | DR-CA-0027-0035 | DR-CA-0027-9000
Branch, Sujatha Jagadeesh (California)
DR-CA-0027-0004 | DR-CA-0027-0006 | DR-CA-0027-0007 | DR-CA-0027-0009 | DR-CA-0027-0011 | DR-CA-0027-0014 | DR-CA-0027-0015 | DR-CA-0027-0017 | DR-CA-0027-0018 | DR-CA-0027-0022 | DR-CA-0027-0030 | DR-CA-0027-0034 | DR-CA-0027-0035 | DR-CA-0027-9000
Cervantez, Eve Hedy (California)
DR-CA-0027-0001 | DR-CA-0027-0004 | DR-CA-0027-0006 | DR-CA-0027-0007 | DR-CA-0027-0009 | DR-CA-0027-0011 | DR-CA-0027-0014 | DR-CA-0027-0015 | DR-CA-0027-0017 | DR-CA-0027-0018 | DR-CA-0027-0021 | DR-CA-0027-0022 | DR-CA-0027-0024 | DR-CA-0027-0030 | DR-CA-0027-0034 | DR-CA-0027-0035 | DR-CA-0027-9000
Coursolle, Abigail K. (California)
DR-CA-0027-0022 | DR-CA-0027-0035
Dorfman, Deborah A. (Washington)
DR-CA-0027-0001 | DR-CA-0027-0004 | DR-CA-0027-0006 | DR-CA-0027-0007 | DR-CA-0027-0009 | DR-CA-0027-0011 | DR-CA-0027-0014 | DR-CA-0027-0015 | DR-CA-0027-0017 | DR-CA-0027-0018 | DR-CA-0027-0030 | DR-CA-0027-0034 | DR-CA-0027-9000
Gershon, Elissa Staci (California)
DR-CA-0027-0035
Holle, Marilyn (California)
DR-CA-0027-0001 | DR-CA-0027-0006 | DR-CA-0027-0007 | DR-CA-0027-0009 | DR-CA-0027-0011 | DR-CA-0027-0014 | DR-CA-0027-0015 | DR-CA-0027-0017 | DR-CA-0027-0018 | DR-CA-0027-0022 | DR-CA-0027-0024 | DR-CA-0027-0029 | DR-CA-0027-0030 | DR-CA-0027-0034 | DR-CA-0027-0035 | DR-CA-0027-9000
Leyton, Stacey M. (California)
DR-CA-0027-0001 | DR-CA-0027-0004 | DR-CA-0027-0006 | DR-CA-0027-0007 | DR-CA-0027-0009 | DR-CA-0027-0011 | DR-CA-0027-0014 | DR-CA-0027-0015 | DR-CA-0027-0017 | DR-CA-0027-0018 | DR-CA-0027-0021 | DR-CA-0027-0022 | DR-CA-0027-0024 | DR-CA-0027-0030 | DR-CA-0027-0034 | DR-CA-0027-0035 | DR-CA-0027-9000
Menasche, Ann Esther (California)
DR-CA-0027-0001 | DR-CA-0027-0006 | DR-CA-0027-0007 | DR-CA-0027-0009 | DR-CA-0027-0011 | DR-CA-0027-0014 | DR-CA-0027-0015 | DR-CA-0027-0017 | DR-CA-0027-0018 | DR-CA-0027-0034 | DR-CA-0027-9000
Nisen, Frederick P. (California)
DR-CA-0027-0001 | DR-CA-0027-0004 | DR-CA-0027-0006 | DR-CA-0027-0007 | DR-CA-0027-0009 | DR-CA-0027-0011 | DR-CA-0027-0014 | DR-CA-0027-0015 | DR-CA-0027-0017 | DR-CA-0027-0018 | DR-CA-0027-0021 | DR-CA-0027-0030 | DR-CA-0027-0034 | DR-CA-0027-9000
Parks, Shawna L (California)
DR-CA-0027-0001 | DR-CA-0027-0006 | DR-CA-0027-0007 | DR-CA-0027-0009 | DR-CA-0027-0011 | DR-CA-0027-0014 | DR-CA-0027-0015 | DR-CA-0027-0017 | DR-CA-0027-0018 | DR-CA-0027-0022 | DR-CA-0027-0030 | DR-CA-0027-0034 | DR-CA-0027-9000
Pearlman, Paula D. (California)
DR-CA-0027-0001 | DR-CA-0027-0006 | DR-CA-0027-0007 | DR-CA-0027-0009 | DR-CA-0027-0011 | DR-CA-0027-0014 | DR-CA-0027-0015 | DR-CA-0027-0017 | DR-CA-0027-0018 | DR-CA-0027-0022 | DR-CA-0027-0034 | DR-CA-0027-0035 | DR-CA-0027-9000
Perkins, Jane (North Carolina)
DR-CA-0027-0001 | DR-CA-0027-0006 | DR-CA-0027-0007 | DR-CA-0027-0009 | DR-CA-0027-0011 | DR-CA-0027-0014 | DR-CA-0027-0015 | DR-CA-0027-0017 | DR-CA-0027-0018 | DR-CA-0027-0022 | DR-CA-0027-0030 | DR-CA-0027-0034 | DR-CA-0027-0035
Pham, Jung (California)
DR-CA-0027-0001 | DR-CA-0027-0006 | DR-CA-0027-0007 | DR-CA-0027-0009 | DR-CA-0027-0011 | DR-CA-0027-0014 | DR-CA-0027-0015 | DR-CA-0027-0017 | DR-CA-0027-0018 | DR-CA-0027-0030 | DR-CA-0027-0034 | DR-CA-0027-9000
Rich, Anna Margaret (California)
DR-CA-0027-0001 | DR-CA-0027-0004 | DR-CA-0027-0006 | DR-CA-0027-0007 | DR-CA-0027-0009 | DR-CA-0027-0011 | DR-CA-0027-0014 | DR-CA-0027-0015 | DR-CA-0027-0017 | DR-CA-0027-0018 | DR-CA-0027-0022 | DR-CA-0027-0029 | DR-CA-0027-0030 | DR-CA-0027-0034 | DR-CA-0027-0035 | DR-CA-0027-9000
Roberts, Casey A. (California)
DR-CA-0027-0001 | DR-CA-0027-0004 | DR-CA-0027-0006 | DR-CA-0027-0011 | DR-CA-0027-0014 | DR-CA-0027-0015 | DR-CA-0027-0017 | DR-CA-0027-0018 | DR-CA-0027-0034 | DR-CA-0027-9000
Schur, Dara L. (California)
DR-CA-0027-0001 | DR-CA-0027-0004 | DR-CA-0027-0006 | DR-CA-0027-0007 | DR-CA-0027-0009 | DR-CA-0027-0011 | DR-CA-0027-0014 | DR-CA-0027-0015 | DR-CA-0027-0017 | DR-CA-0027-0018 | DR-CA-0027-0022 | DR-CA-0027-0030 | DR-CA-0027-0034 | DR-CA-0027-0035 | DR-CA-0027-9000
Thoreen, Peder J. (California)
DR-CA-0027-0001 | DR-CA-0027-0006 | DR-CA-0027-0009 | DR-CA-0027-0011 | DR-CA-0027-0014 | DR-CA-0027-0015 | DR-CA-0027-0017 | DR-CA-0027-0018 | DR-CA-0027-0022 | DR-CA-0027-0024 | DR-CA-0027-0030 | DR-CA-0027-0034 | DR-CA-0027-0035 | DR-CA-0027-9000
Wolfinger, Charles (California)
DR-CA-0027-0001 | DR-CA-0027-0006 | DR-CA-0027-0007 | DR-CA-0027-0009 | DR-CA-0027-0011 | DR-CA-0027-0014 | DR-CA-0027-0015 | DR-CA-0027-0017 | DR-CA-0027-0018 | DR-CA-0027-0022 | DR-CA-0027-0030 | DR-CA-0027-0034 | DR-CA-0027-0035 | DR-CA-0027-9000
Zwillinger, Rachel J. (California)
DR-CA-0027-0022 | DR-CA-0027-0024 | DR-CA-0027-0035
Defendant's Lawyers Brown, Edmund G. Jr. (California)
DR-CA-0027-0008 | DR-CA-0027-0013 | DR-CA-0027-0020
Brown, Gregory David (California)
DR-CA-0027-0004 | DR-CA-0027-0008 | DR-CA-0027-0013 | DR-CA-0027-0020 | DR-CA-0027-0021 | DR-CA-0027-0035 | DR-CA-0027-9000
Carson, Susan (California)
DR-CA-0027-0004 | DR-CA-0027-0008 | DR-CA-0027-0013 | DR-CA-0027-0020 | DR-CA-0027-0034 | DR-CA-0027-0035 | DR-CA-0027-9000
Elias, Nimrod P (California)
DR-CA-0027-0035
Schwartz, Karin S. (California)
DR-CA-0027-0008 | DR-CA-0027-0013 | DR-CA-0027-0020
Sondheimer, Joshua N. (California)
DR-CA-0027-0008 | DR-CA-0027-0013 | DR-CA-0027-0020
Zwibelman, Michael A. (District of Columbia)
DR-CA-0027-0008 | DR-CA-0027-0013 | DR-CA-0027-0020 | DR-CA-0027-9000
Other Lawyers Barkoff, Alison (District of Columbia)
DR-CA-0027-0025
Deiss, Ila Casy (California)
DR-CA-0027-0025
England, Travis W (District of Columbia)
DR-CA-0027-0025
Haag, Melinda (District of Columbia)
DR-CA-0027-0025
Hill, Eve L. (District of Columbia)
DR-CA-0027-0025
Nichol, Allison (District of Columbia)
DR-CA-0027-0025
Perez, Thomas E. (District of Columbia)
DR-CA-0027-0025
Swanson, Joann M. (California)
DR-CA-0027-0025
Wohlenhaus, Renee M. (District of Columbia)
DR-CA-0027-0025

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