University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Jackson v. Dezember PC-CA-0048
Docket / Court 2:08-cv-01954 ( E.D. Cal. )
State/Territory California
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
On July 8, 2008, Kevin Jackson, a California inmate suffering from hepatitis C, filed this class action suit in U.S. District Court against the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Jackson filed in the Central District of California (Docket No. 2:08-cv-04 ... read more >
On July 8, 2008, Kevin Jackson, a California inmate suffering from hepatitis C, filed this class action suit in U.S. District Court against the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Jackson filed in the Central District of California (Docket No. 2:08-cv-04454), but on 8/19/2008, the matter was transferred to the Eastern District of California, and given a new docket number (2:08-cv-01954)/ The class, represented by private counsel, asked the court for both declaratory and injunctive relief, alleging that the state's deficiencies in treatment constituted cruel and unusual punishment under the Eighth Amendment. The suit charged that the Department of Corrections excluded thousands of inmates from liver biopsies and other treatments, allowing the hepatitis to progress. The plaintiff later amended the complaint, no longer seeking a class action but instead seeking damages for the specific harm done to him.

The CDCR filed a motion to dismiss, alleging that the plaintiff had not sought out the proper remedies before filing the suit, violating the Prison Litigation Reform Act, 42 U.S.C. 1997e. The district court (Judge Morrison England) denied the motion, ruling that it was misplaced (2009 WL 3296677). He held that, even though the plaintiff had not yet exhausted his remedies, the amended complaint properly addressed the issues raised by the defendants.

Over time, it appears that the plaintiff's attorney stopped pursuing this action. On March 12, 2012, Judge England dismissed the claims under Rule 41(b) for failure to prosecute. The court cited failure to comply with an order of the court (to show cause why it should not dismiss for failure to prosecute) as the grounds for dismissal.

Jonathan Forman - 07/17/2013


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Cruel and Unusual Punishment
Defendant-type
Corrections
Medical/Mental Health
Hepatitis
Medical care, general
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) California Department of Corrections
Plaintiff Description California prisoner with hepatitis C
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief None
Source of Relief None
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 2012
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
2:08-cv-4454 (C.D. Cal.) 11/06/2008
PC-CA-0048-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
2:08-cv-1954 (E.D. Cal.) 04/05/2012
PC-CA-0048-9001.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint for Injunctive Relief for Violation of Civil Rights 07/08/2008
PC-CA-0048-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order to Show Cause 07/18/2008 (C.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0048-0002.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Transferring Action 08/19/2008 (C.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0048-0003.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendant's Notice of Motion and Motion that the Court Screen Plaintiff's Complaint Under R 28 U.S.C. § 1915A 08/26/2008
PC-CA-0048-0005.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendant Dezember's Response to Order to Show Cause 09/19/2008
PC-CA-0048-0010.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
First Amended Complaint for Damages for Cruel and Unusual Punishment Based on Denial of Medical Care in Violation of the Eighth Amendment to the United States Constitution 10/10/2008
PC-CA-0048-0006.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendants' Notice of Motion and Motion to Dismiss; Memorandum of Points and Authorities 11/20/2008
PC-CA-0048-0009.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 03/11/2009 (E.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0048-0004.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 06/02/2009 (E.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0048-0007.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum and Order 10/02/2009 (2009 WL 3296677) (E.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0048-0008.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 02/21/2012 (E.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0048-0011.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 03/12/2012 (E.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0048-0012.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judgment in a Civil Case 03/13/2012 (E.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0048-0013.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges England, Morrison C. Jr. (E.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0048-0004 | PC-CA-0048-0007 | PC-CA-0048-0008
King, George H. (C.D. Cal.) [Magistrate]
PC-CA-0048-0002 | PC-CA-0048-0003 | PC-CA-0048-9000
Moulds, John F. (E.D. Cal.) [Magistrate]
PC-CA-0048-9001
Mueller, Kimberly Jo (E.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0048-0011 | PC-CA-0048-0012 | PC-CA-0048-9001
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Kammerling, Rebecca (California)
PC-CA-0048-9000 | PC-CA-0048-9001
Khorrami, Shawn (California)
PC-CA-0048-0001 | PC-CA-0048-9000 | PC-CA-0048-9001
Ravis, Mark S. (California)
PC-CA-0048-0001 | PC-CA-0048-0006 | PC-CA-0048-9000 | PC-CA-0048-9001
Travis, Karen (California)
PC-CA-0048-0001 | PC-CA-0048-0006 | PC-CA-0048-9000 | PC-CA-0048-9001
Defendant's Lawyers Becker, Christopher James (California)
PC-CA-0048-0009 | PC-CA-0048-9001
Brown, Edmund G. Jr. (California)
PC-CA-0048-0005 | PC-CA-0048-0009 | PC-CA-0048-0010
Chaney, David S. (California)
PC-CA-0048-0005 | PC-CA-0048-0009 | PC-CA-0048-0010
East, Rochelle C. (California)
PC-CA-0048-0005 | PC-CA-0048-0009 | PC-CA-0048-0010
Gomez, Gregory George (California)
PC-CA-0048-9001
Kwong, William C (California)
PC-CA-0048-0005 | PC-CA-0048-0010
Patterson, Thomas S. (California)
PC-CA-0048-0005 | PC-CA-0048-0010
Steele, Jeffery (California)
PC-CA-0048-9001
Tillman, Lisa Anne (California)
PC-CA-0048-9001
Williams, Kenneth R. (California)
PC-CA-0048-0009
Other Lawyers None on record

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