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Case Name Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg County Board of Education SD-NC-0001
Docket / Court 3:65-cv-01974 ( W.D.N.C. )
State/Territory North Carolina
Case Type(s) Education
School Desegregation
Attorney Organization NAACP Legal Defense Fund
Case Summary
Case summary not yet recorded

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Equal Protection
Content of Injunction
Discrimination Prohibition
Goals and Timekeeping
Monitor/Master
Monitoring
Other requirements regarding hiring, promotion, retention
Reporting
Defendant-type
Elementary/Secondary School
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Racial segregation
School/University Facilities
School/University policies
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Transportation
Wait lists
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Race
Black
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983
Defendant(s) Charlotte-Mecklenburg County Board of Education
Plaintiff Description Parents on behalf of their minor schoolchildren
Indexed Lawyer Organizations NAACP Legal Defense Fund
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Settlement
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration 1970 - 1999
Case Closing Year 1999
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Swann's Way: The School Busing Case and the Supreme Court
Written: Apr. 17, 1986
By: Bernard Schwartz (NYU Law School)
Citation: (1986)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
3:65-cv-01974 (W.D.N.C.) 04/22/2002
SD-NC-0001-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Memorandum for the United States as Amicus Curiae
SD-NC-0001-0065.pdf | Detail
Opinion 07/14/1965 (243 F.Supp. 667) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0013.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Opinion 10/24/1966 (369 F.2d 29)
SD-NC-0001-0058.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Opinion and Order Regarding Desegregation of Schools of Charlotte and Mecklenburg Country, North Carolina 04/23/1969 (300 F.Supp. 1358) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0052.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Order 06/03/1969 (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0014.pdf | Detail
Document Source: Univ. of Michigan Law Library
Opinion and Order 06/20/1969 (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0015.pdf | Detail
Order 08/15/1969 (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0017.pdf | Detail
Order 08/29/1969 (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0019.pdf | Detail
Order 10/10/1969 (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0016.pdf | Detail
Order 11/07/1969 (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0018.pdf | Detail
Opinion and Order 12/01/1969 (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0020.pdf | Detail
Opinion and Order 02/05/1970 (311 F.Supp. 265) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0053.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Order 03/03/1970 (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0021.pdf | Detail
Court of Appeals Order Granting Stay Order 03/05/1970
SD-NC-0001-0022.pdf | Detail
Opinion 03/16/1970 (397 U.S. 978)
SD-NC-0001-0037.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Supplementary Findings of Fact 03/21/1970 (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0023.pdf | Detail
Supplemental Memorandum 03/21/1970 (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0024.pdf | Detail
Order 03/25/1970 (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0025.pdf | Detail
Further Findings of Fact on Matters Raised by the Motions of Defendants 04/03/1970 (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0026.pdf | Detail
135 Order of Disqualification and Memorandum of Decision 04/07/1970 (431 F.2d 135)
SD-NC-0001-0059.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Order of Three-Judges District Court 04/29/1970 (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0011.pdf | Detail
Opinions of Court of Appeals 05/26/1970 (431 F.2d 138)
SD-NC-0001-0027.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Petition for Writ of Certiorari and Motion to Advance and for Pendente Lite Relief 06/18/1970
SD-NC-0001-0001.pdf | Detail
Appendix to Petition for Certiorari: Opinions Below 06/18/1970
SD-NC-0001-0002.pdf | Detail
Document Source: Univ. of Michigan Law Library
Memorandum of Decision and Order 08/03/1970 (318 F.Supp. 786) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0054.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Opinion 10/08/1970 (400 U.S. 805)
SD-NC-0001-0038.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Opinion 10/13/1970 (402 U.S. 43)
SD-NC-0001-0061.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Opinion 04/20/1971 (402 U.S. 47)
SD-NC-0001-0062.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Opinion and Order 06/29/1971 (328 F.Supp. 1346) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0055.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Memorandum of Decision and Order 10/21/1971 (334 F.Supp. 623) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0056.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Decisions 02/17/1972 (453 F.2d 1377)
SD-NC-0001-0029.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Memorandum of Decision and Order 08/16/1973 (362 F.Supp. 1223) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0057.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Opinion 01/15/1974 (489 F.2d 966)
SD-NC-0001-0030.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Opinion 07/23/1974 (501 F.2d 383)
SD-NC-0001-0036.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Order 07/30/1974 (379 F.Supp. 1102) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0035.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Opinion 07/11/1975 (67 F.R.D. 648) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0033.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Opinion 03/18/1976 (535 F.2d 1249)
SD-NC-0001-0063.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Opinion 10/04/1976 (429 U.S. 831)
SD-NC-0001-0064.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Opinion 08/10/1979 (475 F.Supp. 1318) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0028.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Opinion 07/23/1980 (626 F.2d 1165)
SD-NC-0001-0032.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Opinion and Order Regarding Desegregation of Schools of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County, North Carolina 03/06/1998 (179 F.R.D. 177) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: State Court Website
Opinion 05/04/1998 (179 F.R.D. 502) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0005.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Memorandum and Order 09/16/1998 (182 F.R.D. 486) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0006.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Opinion/ Order 11/23/1998 (186 F.R.D. 335) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0007.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Opinion and Order 02/22/1999 (186 F.R.D. 338) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0008.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Plaintiff-Intervenors and Plaintiff Capacchione's Joint Trial Memorandum 04/12/1999
SD-NC-0001-0039.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendants' Trial Brief 04/12/1999
SD-NC-0001-0040.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Swann Plaintiffs' Trial Brief 04/12/1999
SD-NC-0001-0041.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Swann Plaintiffs Supplemental Brief on Damages 04/19/1999
SD-NC-0001-0042.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 04/23/1999 (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0043.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 05/28/1999 (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0044.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judgment 09/09/1999 (57 F.Supp.2d 228) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0045.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 09/10/1999 (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0046.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion and Order 11/15/1999 (190 F.R.D. 170) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0009.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Order Amending Opinion 12/16/1999 (80 F.Supp.2d 557) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0034.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Judgment 03/06/2000 (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0047.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion and Order 05/08/2000 (211 F.3d 853)
SD-NC-0001-0010.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion 01/17/2001 (233 F.3d 232)
SD-NC-0001-0012.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Order 09/21/2001
SD-NC-0001-0048.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Appeal for the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina at Charlotte 09/21/2001 (269 F.3d 305)
SD-NC-0001-0049.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 12/14/2001 (274 F.3d 814)
SD-NC-0001-0051.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
[Order notifying court of denial of cert] 04/22/2002
SD-NC-0001-0050.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Bryan, Albert Vickers Jr. (E.D. Va.)
SD-NC-0001-0029
Burger, Warren Earl (D.C. Circuit, SCOTUS)
SD-NC-0001-0061
Butzner, John Decker Jr. (Fourth Circuit, E.D. Va.)
SD-NC-0001-0011 | SD-NC-0001-0027 | SD-NC-0001-0029 | SD-NC-0001-0030 | SD-NC-0001-0032 | SD-NC-0001-0036
Craven, James Braxton Jr. (Fourth Circuit, W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0011 | SD-NC-0001-0013 | SD-NC-0001-0059
Field, John A. Jr. (S.D. W. Va., FISCR, Fourth Circuit)
SD-NC-0001-0029 | SD-NC-0001-0030 | SD-NC-0001-0036
Haynsworth, Clement Furman Jr. (Fourth Circuit)
SD-NC-0001-0022 | SD-NC-0001-0029 | SD-NC-0001-0030 | SD-NC-0001-0032 | SD-NC-0001-0036 | SD-NC-0001-0058
King, Robert Bruce (Fourth Circuit)
SD-NC-0001-0010 | SD-NC-0001-0012 | SD-NC-0001-0048
Luttig, J. Michael (Fourth Circuit)
SD-NC-0001-0010
McMillan, James Bryan (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0003 | SD-NC-0001-0011 | SD-NC-0001-0014 | SD-NC-0001-0015 | SD-NC-0001-0016 | SD-NC-0001-0017 | SD-NC-0001-0018 | SD-NC-0001-0019 | SD-NC-0001-0020 | SD-NC-0001-0021 | SD-NC-0001-0023 | SD-NC-0001-0024 | SD-NC-0001-0025 | SD-NC-0001-0026 | SD-NC-0001-0028 | SD-NC-0001-0033 | SD-NC-0001-0035 | SD-NC-0001-0052 | SD-NC-0001-0053 | SD-NC-0001-0054 | SD-NC-0001-0055 | SD-NC-0001-0056 | SD-NC-0001-0057
Michael, M. Blane (Fourth Circuit)
SD-NC-0001-0010
Motz, Diana Jane Gribbon (Fourth Circuit)
SD-NC-0001-0010 | SD-NC-0001-0012 | SD-NC-0001-0048
Murnaghan, Francis Dominic Jr. (Fourth Circuit)
SD-NC-0001-0010
Niemeyer, Paul Victor (Fourth Circuit, D. Md.)
SD-NC-0001-0010
Phillips, James Dickson Jr. (Fourth Circuit)
SD-NC-0001-0032
Potter, Robert Daniel (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0005 | SD-NC-0001-0006 | SD-NC-0001-0007 | SD-NC-0001-0008 | SD-NC-0001-0009 | SD-NC-0001-0034 | SD-NC-0001-0043 | SD-NC-0001-0044 | SD-NC-0001-0045 | SD-NC-0001-0046 | SD-NC-0001-0047 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Russell, Donald Stuart (Fourth Circuit, D.S.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0029 | SD-NC-0001-0030 | SD-NC-0001-0036
Traxler, William Byrd Jr. (Fourth Circuit, D.S.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0010 | SD-NC-0001-0048
Widener, Hiram Emory Jr. (Fourth Circuit, W.D. Va.)
SD-NC-0001-0010 | SD-NC-0001-0030 | SD-NC-0001-0036
Wilkins, William Walter (Fourth Circuit, D.S.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0010
Wilkinson, James Harvie III (Fourth Circuit)
SD-NC-0001-0010 | SD-NC-0001-0051
Williams, Karen J. (Fourth Circuit)
SD-NC-0001-0010
Winter, Harrison Lee (Fourth Circuit, D. Md.)
SD-NC-0001-0029 | SD-NC-0001-0030 | SD-NC-0001-0036
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Adams, K. Lee (Georgia)
SD-NC-0001-0039 | SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Ashcraft, Thomas J. (North Carolina)
SD-NC-0001-0039 | SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Audette, Rose Marie L. (District of Columbia)
SD-NC-0001-9000 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Browne, Gloria J. (New York)
SD-NC-0001-0042 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Chachkin, Norman J. (New York)
SD-NC-0001-0001 | SD-NC-0001-0002 | SD-NC-0001-0042 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Chambers, Julius LeVonne (New York)
SD-NC-0001-0001 | SD-NC-0001-0002
Earls, Anita S. (North Carolina)
SD-NC-0001-9000
Ferguson, James E. (North Carolina)
SD-NC-0001-0042 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Greenberg, Jack (New York)
SD-NC-0001-0001 | SD-NC-0001-0002 | SD-NC-0001-0037
Helfand, William Scott (Texas)
SD-NC-0001-0039 | SD-NC-0001-0041
Jones, Elaine R. (New York)
SD-NC-0001-0042 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Largess, S. Luke (North Carolina)
SD-NC-0001-0042 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Meyers, Lee (North Carolina)
SD-NC-0001-9000
Nabrit, James M. III (New York)
SD-NC-0001-0001 | SD-NC-0001-0002 | SD-NC-0001-0037
Parks, Allan Leroy Jr. (Georgia)
SD-NC-0001-0039 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Parsons, Kevin V (North Carolina)
SD-NC-0001-0039 | SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Pearson, C. O. (North Carolina)
SD-NC-0001-0001 | SD-NC-0001-0002 | SD-NC-0001-0037
Pollard, John O. (North Carolina)
SD-NC-0001-0039 | SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Stein, Adam (North Carolina)
SD-NC-0001-0001 | SD-NC-0001-0002 | SD-NC-0001-0042 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Borkowski, John W. (District of Columbia)
SD-NC-0001-0040 | SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Brenner, Irving M. (District of Columbia)
SD-NC-0001-0040 | SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Lanigan, Kevin J. (District of Columbia)
SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Middlebrooks, James G. (North Carolina)
SD-NC-0001-0040 | SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Newmann, David B. (District of Columbia)
SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Sneed, Maree F. (District of Columbia)
SD-NC-0001-0040 | SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Snyder, Allen R. (District of Columbia)
SD-NC-0001-0040 | SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Winner, Leslie J. (North Carolina)
SD-NC-0001-0040 | SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Other Lawyers Gregory, David D. (District of Columbia)
SD-NC-0001-0065
Landsberg, Brian K. (District of Columbia)
SD-NC-0001-0065
Leonard, Jerris (District of Columbia)
SD-NC-0001-0065
Norman, David L. (District of Columbia)
SD-NC-0001-0065

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