University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Weber v. Lockyer PC-CA-0046
Docket / Court 3:04-cv-05161 ( N.D. Cal. )
State/Territory California
Case Type(s) Criminal Justice (Other)
Attorney Organization ACLU Chapters (any)
ACLU National (all projects)
ACLU of Southern California
Case Summary
In November 2004, California voters passed Proposition 69, also known the California DNA Fingerprint, Unsolved Crime, and Innocence Protection Act. The law required, in part, that any person who is arrested or charged with a felony submit to a DNA test, regardless of whether the arrest was valid or ... read more >
In November 2004, California voters passed Proposition 69, also known the California DNA Fingerprint, Unsolved Crime, and Innocence Protection Act. The law required, in part, that any person who is arrested or charged with a felony submit to a DNA test, regardless of whether the arrest was valid or legal, and also that any person who had previously been convicted of a felony submit to a DNA test.

Just over a month after the passage of the law, on December 7, 2004, a group of former arrestees and former prisoners, as well as two advocacy groups, brought this class action suit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California against the California attorney general, under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. The plaintiffs, represented by various ACLU chapters and private counsel, asked the court for both declaratory and injunctive relief, alleging that the law violated the plaintiffs' Fourth and Fourteenth Amendment rights.

Within two months, the defendants filed a motion to dismiss for lack of standing. On April 22, 2005, the District Court (Judge Fern Smith) granted the motion to dismiss (365 F.Supp.2d 1119). She held that the plaintiffs lacked standing and ripeness because the state of California had not yet implemented a program for the collection of DNA.

Jonathan Forman - 07/09/2013


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Unreasonable search and seizure
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) State of California
Plaintiff Description Former arrestees, former inmates and two organizations
Indexed Lawyer Organizations ACLU Chapters (any)
ACLU National (all projects)
ACLU of Southern California
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief None
Source of Relief None
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 2006
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
3:04-cv-05161-FMS (N.D. Cal.) 05/08/2006
PC-CA-0046-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Class Action Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief 12/07/2004
PC-CA-0046-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Answer to Complaint with Demand for Jury Trial 12/28/2004
PC-CA-0046-0002.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Motion to Dismiss 02/04/2005
PC-CA-0046-0003.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion 04/22/2005 (365 F.Supp.2d 1119) (N.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0046-0005.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judges Smith, Fern M. (N.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0046-0005 | PC-CA-0046-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Brown, Donald W. (California)
PC-CA-0046-0001 | PC-CA-0046-0002 | PC-CA-0046-0005 | PC-CA-0046-9000
Budd, Jordan C. (California)
PC-CA-0046-0001 | PC-CA-0046-0002 | PC-CA-0046-0005 | PC-CA-0046-9000
Crosby, Margaret C. (California)
PC-CA-0046-0001 | PC-CA-0046-0002 | PC-CA-0046-0005 | PC-CA-0046-9000
Eliasberg, Peter J. (California)
PC-CA-0046-0001 | PC-CA-0046-0002 | PC-CA-0046-0005 | PC-CA-0046-9000
Garcia, Ricardo D. (California)
PC-CA-0046-0001 | PC-CA-0046-0002 | PC-CA-0046-0005 | PC-CA-0046-9000
Harris, Maya Horton (New Jersey)
PC-CA-0046-0001 | PC-CA-0046-0002 | PC-CA-0046-0005 | PC-CA-0046-9000
Mass, Julia Harumi (California)
PC-CA-0046-0001 | PC-CA-0046-0002 | PC-CA-0046-0005 | PC-CA-0046-9000
Patchen, Jonathan Allen (California)
PC-CA-0046-9000
Rosenbaum, Mark Dale (California)
PC-CA-0046-0002 | PC-CA-0046-0005 | PC-CA-0046-9000
Schwartz, Jeffrey Dean (California)
PC-CA-0046-0001 | PC-CA-0046-0002 | PC-CA-0046-0005 | PC-CA-0046-9000
Steinheimer, Kate S. (California)
PC-CA-0046-0001 | PC-CA-0046-0002 | PC-CA-0046-0005 | PC-CA-0046-9000
Winner, Sonya (California)
PC-CA-0046-0001 | PC-CA-0046-0002 | PC-CA-0046-0005 | PC-CA-0046-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Allen, Dale L. Jr. (California)
PC-CA-0046-0002 | PC-CA-0046-0005 | PC-CA-0046-9000
Fenton, Nancy Elizabeth (California)
PC-CA-0046-9000
Flanagan, Kelly M (California)
PC-CA-0046-9000
Gifford, Paul D. (California)
PC-CA-0046-0003 | PC-CA-0046-9000
Hazelwood, Mark F. (California)
PC-CA-0046-0002 | PC-CA-0046-0005 | PC-CA-0046-9000
Lockyer, Bill (California)
PC-CA-0046-0003
Ofierski, Rafal (California)
PC-CA-0046-9000
Ryan, Robert Arthur Jr. (California)
PC-CA-0046-9000
Snodgrass, Wayne Kessler (California)
PC-CA-0046-9000
Whitman, Krista (California)
PC-CA-0046-9000
Winnie, Richard Edward (California)
PC-CA-0046-9000
Witter, Brett Morgan (California)
PC-CA-0046-9000
Wood, James Randall (California)
PC-CA-0046-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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