University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
new search
page permalink
Case Name Lloyd v. Detroit City PN-MI-0002
Docket / Court 04-cv-70922 ( E.D. Mich. )
State/Territory Michigan
Case Type(s) Policing
Case Summary
On March 11, 2004, the City of Detroit removed a state court lawsuit to the United States Court for the Eastern District of Michigan. The lawsuit was filed under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the City of Detroit and Wayne County, as well as the Detroit Psychiatric Institute. The plaintiff's estate, ... read more >
On March 11, 2004, the City of Detroit removed a state court lawsuit to the United States Court for the Eastern District of Michigan. The lawsuit was filed under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the City of Detroit and Wayne County, as well as the Detroit Psychiatric Institute. The plaintiff's estate, represented by the Innocence Project, asked the Court for compensatory and punitive damages, claiming that the defendants violated his First, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, and Fourteenth Amendment, as well as the The Rehabilitation Act and also claimed violations of the state constitution. Specifically, the plaintiff's estate claimed that the plaintiff's wrongful conviction was the product of malicious police tactics that coerced a false confession from a mentally ill and hospitalized man.

In 1984, a 16-year-old girl named Michelle Jackson was found dead in a warehouse in Detroit. She had been sodomized and killed. Her death was part of a string of 47 rapes and disappearances between September 1983 and 1984. The plaintiff, a man declared legally mentally incompetent, had a habit of calling the police and offering to help them solve rapes and murders. When the police approached the plaintiff in 1984, officers convinced him that his confession would lure the real killer out into the open. The plaintiff confessed under this delusional belief, was convicted, sentenced to life in prison. He remained in prison for 17 years.

The plaintiff's appellate attorney, Robert Slameka, refused to communicate with the plaintiff. When the plaintiff filed a grievance against Mr. Slameka, he responded that the plaintiff's "claim of my wrongdoing is frivolous, just as his existence. Both should be terminated." The plaintiff was exonerated by DNA evidence in 2002.

The plaintiff filed this action alleging that the detectives concealed evidence in bad faith, that his trial and appellate attorneys were ineffective, and that the result was false imprisonment in violation of the Constitution. He also alleged that the Detroit Psychiatric Institute cooperated with the police in prolonging his hospitalization and coercing his confession.

The plaintiff died while the lawsuit was pending, in 2005. The plaintiff's estate filed an Amended Complaint on May 10, 2005.

On May 5, 2006, the parties settled the case. The Court (Judge Gerald Rosen) entered a Consent Judgment. The Consent Judgment required the City of Detroit to pay the plaintiff's estate 3.25 million dollars. In addition, there was a side agreement, provided as an exhibit to the Consent Judgment, under which the City agreed to make a good-faith effort to implement video recording by January 1, 2007, and to to submit bi-monthly reports on its progress to the Plaintiff's estate.

A Satisfaction of Judgment was entered on July 10, 2007, and the case was closed. We have no further information about the City's compliance with the Consent Judgment.

Blase Kearney - 06/26/2012


compress summary

- click to show/hide ALL -
Issues and Causes of Action
click to show/hide detail
Issues
Affected Gender
Male
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Freedom of speech/association
Self-incrimination
Unreasonable search and seizure
Content of Injunction
Reporting
Defendant-type
Law-enforcement
Disability
Mental impairment
General
Failure to discipline
Failure to supervise
Failure to train
False arrest
Improper treatment of mentally ill suspects
Over/Unlawful Detention
Pattern or Practice
Record-keeping
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) City of Detroit
Plaintiff Description A man wrongfully convicted because of a coerced confession and bad-faith police misconduct.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Damages
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 2006 - 2007
Case Closing Year 2006
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
click to show/hide detail
Case Studies Federal Enforcement of Police Reform
By: Stephen Rushin (University of Illinois College of Law, University of California, Berkeley - Jurisprudence and Social Policy Program )
Citation: 82 Fordham Law Review 3189 (2014)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Panopticism for Police: Structural Reform Bargaining and Police Regulation by Data-Driven Surveillance
By: Mary D. Fan (University of Washington)
Citation: Forthcoming, 87 Washington L. Rev. __ (2012).
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  What Happens When Police Are Forced to Reform?
Written: Nov. 13, 2015
By: Kimbriell Kelly, Sarah Childress and Steven Rich (Frontline/Post)
Citation: Washington Post (Nov. 13, 2015)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
2:04−cv−70922 (E.D. Mich.) 07/10/2006
PN-MI-0002-9000 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Amended Complaint 05/10/2005
PN-MI-0002-0001 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Consent Judgment (including Exhibit A: Agreement concerning electronic recording of custodial interrogations by the Detroit Police Department) 06/22/2006
PN-MI-0002-0002 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Pepe, Steven D (E.D. Mich.) [Magistrate]
PN-MI-0002-9000
Rosen, Gerald Ellis (E.D. Mich.)
PN-MI-0002-0002 | PN-MI-0002-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Brustin, Nick J. (New York)
PN-MI-0002-9000
Robinson, David A. (Michigan)
PN-MI-0002-0001 | PN-MI-0002-0002 | PN-MI-0002-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Bredeweg, Matthew J. (Michigan)
PN-MI-0002-9000
Elder, Azzam E (Michigan)
PN-MI-0002-9000
Nelson, Margaret A. (Michigan)
PN-MI-0002-9000
Quinn, John P. (Michigan)
PN-MI-0002-0002 | PN-MI-0002-9000
Reynolds, Michael J. (Michigan)
PN-MI-0002-9000
Surowiec, James M. (Michigan)
PN-MI-0002-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

- click to show/hide ALL -

new search
page permalink

- top of page -