University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Williams v. Boeing Co. EE-WA-0119
Docket / Court 2:98-cv-00761 ( W.D. Wash. )
State/Territory Washington
Case Type(s) Equal Employment
Special Collection Private Employment Class Actions
Case Summary
On June 4, 1998 a group of African Americans filed suit against Boeing Co. and several subsidiaries, their employers, alleging racial discrimination in violation of 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the United States District Court for the Western District of Washington. Specifically, they alleged that the ... read more >
On June 4, 1998 a group of African Americans filed suit against Boeing Co. and several subsidiaries, their employers, alleging racial discrimination in violation of 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the United States District Court for the Western District of Washington. Specifically, they alleged that the defendants had engaged in a pattern or practice of behavior that included policies that had a disparate impact on African-American employees and disparately treated African American employees. They also alleged that the defendant had breached its employment contract with them and had engaged in negligent misrepresentation. They sought class certification, injunctive relief, and damages.

On September 30, 1999 the district court (Judge Coughenour) certified a class of roughly 15,000 members comprising all salaried African-American employed by the defendants since June 6, 1994, and approved a consent decree reached by the parties. It provided for general injunctive relief consisting of prohibition of discrimination, monetary damages for the class of roughly $7.3 million, and attorney fees of $4.05 million.

Various class members objected to the settlement and appealed to the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals. On November 26, 2002, the Ninth Circuit (Judges Berzon, Lay, and Trott) held that the consent decree was unfair and remanded the case to the district court for further proceedings.

On January 10, 2005 the district court (Judge Pechman) granted the defendants summary judgment on 42 U.S.C. § 1981 discrimination claims that had been added by the plaintiffs and were now barred by the statute of limitations. On January 21, 2005 the district court (Judge Pechman) re-certified the class and bifurcated the disparate treatment and disparate impact claims for trial. On January 17, 2006 the district court (Judge Pechman) ruled for the defendants in a bench trial regarding the disparate impact claims and on February 6, 2006 a jury found for the defendants on the disparate treatment claims.

On May 4, 2007 the district court (Judge Pechman) dismissed or transferred all remaining individual claims and entered final judgment. The case concluded on February 27, 2008 when the Ninth Circuit (Judges Beezer, Tallman, and Tashima) affirmed the district court's grant of summary judgment to the plaintiffs on January 10, 2005.

Michael Perry - 09/29/2010


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Discrimination-area
Harassment / Hostile Work Environment
Other Conditions of Employment (including assignment, transfer, hours, working conditions, etc)
Pay / Benefits
Promotion
Training
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Disparate Treatment
Pattern or Practice
Retaliation
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Race
Black
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
42 U.S.C. § 1981
Defendant(s) Boeing Co.
Plaintiff Description African-American salaried employees of Boeing from June 6, 1994 to the present.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief None
Source of Relief None
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 2007
Case Ongoing No
Case Listing EE-KS-0033 : Dean v. Boeing Company (D. Kan.)
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Megacases, Diversity, and the Elusive Goal of Workplace Reform
Written: Mar. 01, 2008
By: Nancy Levit (University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law)
Citation: 49 B.C. L. Rev. 367 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Second Generation Employment Discrimination: A Structural Approach
By: Susan Sturm (Columbia Law School)
Citation: 101 Colum. L. Rev. 458 (2001)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
06-35196 (U.S. Court of Appeals) 03/08/2006
EE-WA-0119-9001.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
2:98−cv−00761 (W.D. Wash.) 03/27/2008
EE-WA-0119-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Minute Order (Approval of Form of Notice to Class Members) 06/23/1999 (W.D. Wash.)
EE-WA-0119-0006.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order (Approving Consent Decree/Class Action Certification) 09/30/1999 (W.D. Wash.)
EE-WA-0119-0005.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion (Reversing the district court's approval of the consent decree) 11/26/2002 (313 F.3d 447)
EE-WA-0119-0012.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | External Link | Detail
Document Source: U.S. Court of Appeals website
Opinion (Modifying the opinion of 11/26/02, reversing the disctrict court's approval of the consent decree, and denying motions for rehearing en banc) 04/29/2003 (327 F.3d 938)
EE-WA-0119-0013.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | External Link | Detail
Document Source: U.S. Court of Appeals website
Second Amended Class Action Complaint 05/28/2004
EE-WA-0119-0002.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Granting Defendants' Motion for Partial Summary Judgment 01/10/2005 (W.D. Wash.)
EE-WA-0119-0004.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order on Class Certification 01/21/2005 (225 F.R.D. 626) (W.D. Wash.)
EE-WA-0119-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order on Boeing's Motion for Partial Summary Judgment on Plaintiffs' Compensation Discrimination Claim and to Decertify the Class as to that Claim 11/04/2005 (2005 WL 2921960 / 2005 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 27491) (W.D. Wash.)
EE-WA-0119-0007.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion (Granting judgment for the defendants on the disparate impact claims) 01/17/2006 (2006 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 3417) (W.D. Wash.)
EE-WA-0119-0015.pdf | LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Order Dismissing Certain Claims Without Prejudice and Directing Entry of Judgment Under Rule 54(b) 02/03/2006 (W.D. Wash.)
EE-WA-0119-0011.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judgment in a Civil Case 02/06/2006 (W.D. Wash.)
EE-WA-0119-0008.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Notice of Appeal 03/07/2006
EE-WA-0119-0009.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judgment in a Civil Case 05/04/2007 (W.D. Wash.)
EE-WA-0119-0003.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order on Defendant Boeing's Amended Motion for Entry of Final Judgment and Confirmation of Dismissal of Named Plaintiffs' Claims 05/04/2007 (W.D. Wash.)
EE-WA-0119-0010.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion (Affirming the district's court grant of summary judgment to the defendants on the plaintiffs pre-2000 discrimination claims) 02/27/2008 (517 F.3d 1120)
EE-WA-0119-0014.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | External Link | Detail
Judges Beezer, Robert R. (Ninth Circuit)
EE-WA-0119-0014
Berzon, Marsha Siegel (Ninth Circuit)
EE-WA-0119-0012 | EE-WA-0119-0013
Coughenour, John C. (W.D. Wash.)
EE-WA-0119-0006 | EE-WA-0119-9000
Lay, Donald Pomery (Eighth Circuit)
EE-WA-0119-0012 | EE-WA-0119-0013
Pechman, Marsha J. (W.D. Wash.)
EE-WA-0119-0001 | EE-WA-0119-0004 | EE-WA-0119-0005 | EE-WA-0119-0007 | EE-WA-0119-0010 | EE-WA-0119-0011 | EE-WA-0119-0015 | EE-WA-0119-9000
Tallman, Richard C. (FISCR, Ninth Circuit)
EE-WA-0119-0014
Tashima, Atsushi Wallace (Ninth Circuit, C.D. Cal.)
EE-WA-0119-0014
Trott, Stephen S. (Ninth Circuit)
EE-WA-0119-0012 | EE-WA-0119-0013
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Arai, Ivy D (Washington)
EE-WA-0119-0009 | EE-WA-0119-9000 | EE-WA-0119-9001
Berman, Steve W. (Washington)
EE-WA-0119-0002 | EE-WA-0119-0009 | EE-WA-0119-9000 | EE-WA-0119-9001
Bharti, Harish (Washington)
EE-WA-0119-0002 | EE-WA-0119-9000
Brennan, Mark E (Washington)
EE-WA-0119-9000
Desper, Oscar Edward III (Washington)
EE-WA-0119-9000
Epstein, Alan B (Pennsylvania)
EE-WA-0119-0002 | EE-WA-0119-9000
Harrell, Bruce A (Washington)
EE-WA-0119-9000
Mann, Mary R (Washington)
EE-WA-0119-0002 | EE-WA-0119-9000
Sellers, Joseph Marc (District of Columbia)
EE-WA-0119-9000
Spiegel, Craig R (Washington)
EE-WA-0119-0009 | EE-WA-0119-9000 | EE-WA-0119-9001
Sprung, Jeffrey Todd (Washington)
EE-WA-0119-9000
Toll, Steven J. (District of Columbia)
EE-WA-0119-9000
Webber, Christine E. (District of Columbia)
EE-WA-0119-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Brown, Barbara Berish (District of Columbia)
EE-WA-0119-9000
Byers, Boyd A (Kansas)
EE-WA-0119-9000
Cohen, Rebecca Shapiro (Washington)
EE-WA-0119-9000
Gaviria, Boris (Washington)
EE-WA-0119-9000
Hamilton, Kevin J. (Washington)
EE-WA-0119-9000
Hollingsworth, Jeffrey Alan (Washington)
EE-WA-0119-9000 | EE-WA-0119-9001
Korrell, Harry James Franklyn III (Washington)
EE-WA-0119-9000
Lengnick, Sonja (Washington)
EE-WA-0119-9000
Martin, Eric B (Virginia)
EE-WA-0119-9000
Porcarelli, Robert F (Washington)
EE-WA-0119-9000
Reiss, Michael (Washington)
EE-WA-0119-9000 | EE-WA-0119-9001
Sullivan, Elizabeth A (Washington)
EE-WA-0119-9000
Sullivan Weiss, Sheehan H (Washington)
EE-WA-0119-9000
Tarshes, David C. (Washington)
EE-WA-0119-9001
Weirich, C. Geoffrey (Georgia)
EE-WA-0119-9000
Williams, Nancy (Washington)
EE-WA-0119-9001
Other Lawyers None on record

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