University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Alexander v. Fulton County, Ga. EE-GA-0104
Docket / Court 1:93-cv-02131 ( N.D. Ga. )
State/Territory Georgia
Case Type(s) Equal Employment
Case Summary
On September 17, 1993, eighteen white current and former employees of the sheriff's department filed a lawsuit under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000e et seq., 42 U.S.C. § 1981, and 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the United States District Court for the Northern District of ... read more >
On September 17, 1993, eighteen white current and former employees of the sheriff's department filed a lawsuit under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000e et seq., 42 U.S.C. § 1981, and 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Georgia against Fulton County, Georgia. The plaintiffs, represented by private counsel alleged racial discrimination. Specifically, the plaintiffs alleged that Fulton County and the sheriff had intentionally discriminated on the basis of race with respect to discipline, promotions, transfers, reclassifications, promotional examinations, restorations of rank, and appointments to unclassified positions.

On April 15, 1994, the court (Judge G. E. Tidwell) certified a class consisting of all past, present, and future sworn white employees of Fulton City Sheriff's Department who alleged discriminatory acts by defendants within the applicable limitations period. On May 3, 1996, a jury trial began. On June 12, 1996, the jury awarded damages to fifteen of the eighteen plaintiffs. On July 8, 1996, the plaintiffs moved to amend the judgment, requesting injunctive relief and back pay. On July 10, 1996, the court (Judge Hunt) vacated the judgment and the court entered a modified judgment for damages, back pay, individual equitable relief, and class-based injunctive relief. On September 6, 1996 the court (Judge Hunt) decertified the action as a class action for damages and ordered $1,000,000 compensatory and punitive damages, plus injunctive relief and attorneys' fees. Alexander v. Fulton County, 207 F.3d 1303 (11th Cir. 2000).

The defendants appealed the case to the Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit. The court (Judge Marcus) affirmed most of the district court's ruling, but reversed it in part because "evidence presented at trial was sufficient to sustain some, but not all, jury verdicts on employees' numerous individual claims." and remanded the case. Alexander v. Fulton County, 207 F.3d 1303, (11th Cir. 2000).

According to the PACER docket, on August 8, 2000, the court (Judge Hunt) ordered that the mandate of the United States Court of Appeals was also the judgment of the district court. On April 10, 2001, the district court terminated the case. This occurred following orders granting the plaintiffs attorneys' fees and a judgment in the amount of $625,000.

Emily Kuznick - 04/09/2008


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
Male
Defendant-type
Law-enforcement
Discrimination-area
Discipline
Other Conditions of Employment (including assignment, transfer, hours, working conditions, etc)
Promotion
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Disparate Treatment
Pattern or Practice
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Race
White
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1981
42 U.S.C. § 1983
Title VII (including PDA), 42 U.S.C. § 2000e
Defendant(s) Fulton County, GA
Plaintiff Description eighteen white current and former employees of the Fulton County Sheriff’s Department
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Damages
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement Confession of Judgment
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 2001
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Megacases, Diversity, and the Elusive Goal of Workplace Reform
Written: Mar. 01, 2008
By: Nancy Levit (University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law)
Citation: 49 B.C. L. Rev. 367 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Second Generation Employment Discrimination: A Structural Approach
By: Susan Sturm (Columbia Law School)
Citation: 101 Colum. L. Rev. 458 (2001)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
1:93-cv-02131-WBH (N.D. Ga.) 09/13/2002
EE-GA-0104-9000.pdf | Detail
General Documents
Opinion 03/30/2000 (207 F.3d 1303)
EE-GA-0104-0002.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judges Anderson, Robert Lanier III (Eleventh Circuit, Fifth Circuit)
EE-GA-0104-0002
Hancock, James Hughes (N.D. Ala.)
EE-GA-0104-0002
Hunt, Willis B. Jr. (N.D. Ga.)
EE-GA-0104-9000
Marcus, Stanley (Eleventh Circuit, S.D. Fla.)
EE-GA-0104-0002
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Lord, Georgia Kay (Georgia)
EE-GA-0104-0002 | EE-GA-0104-9000
Miller, Harlan Stuart III (Georgia)
EE-GA-0104-0002 | EE-GA-0104-9000
Parks, Allan Leroy Jr. (Georgia)
EE-GA-0104-0002 | EE-GA-0104-9000
Tisinger, Richard G. Jr. (Georgia)
EE-GA-0104-0002 | EE-GA-0104-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Forsling, Susan Barker (Georgia)
EE-GA-0104-9000
Golan, Linda Bodenstein (Georgia)
EE-GA-0104-0002 | EE-GA-0104-9000
Hicks, Charles George (Georgia)
EE-GA-0104-0002
Nash, Paula Morgan (Georgia)
EE-GA-0104-0002 | EE-GA-0104-9000
Sinkfield, Richard H. (Georgia)
EE-GA-0104-9000
Walker, Linda T. (Georgia)
EE-GA-0104-9000
Other Lawyers Bonnie, John C. (Georgia)
EE-GA-0104-9000

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