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Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Crum v. State of Alabama EE-AL-0100
Docket / Court 2:94-cv-00356 ( M.D. Ala. )
State/Territory Alabama
Case Type(s) Equal Employment
Special Collection Private Employment Class Actions
Case Summary
On October 21, 1991, employees of the State of Alabama filed this case against numerous state agencies and departments, claiming racial discrimination in hiring, discipline, layoffs and other terms and conditions of employment. This was the first of many similar complaints to be filed subsequent ... read more >
On October 21, 1991, employees of the State of Alabama filed this case against numerous state agencies and departments, claiming racial discrimination in hiring, discipline, layoffs and other terms and conditions of employment. This was the first of many similar complaints to be filed subsequent years against various Alabama State boards and departments, including the Department of Public Health and the Alabama Labor Board. Multiple amended versions were filed for each complaint. Beginning on March 8, 1994, various motions for summary judgment were filed by the various defendants to dismiss the claims listed in the complaints.

On March 24, 1994, the court (Judge Myron H. Thompson) ordered consolidation of all these cases and proceeded under the new civil action 94-T-356-N, and thus transferred everything from the past cases into a single jurisdiction. The plaintiffs then filed an all-encompassing amended complaint on May 2, 1994 under 42 U.S.C. § 1981 against the government in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Alabama. Later, charges under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000e et seq. were added to the case.

On September 15, 1994, the plaintiffs filed motions to certify both a defendant class of all agencies and departments of Alabama, and a plaintiff class consisting of all African-Americans who applied for employment opportunities with the State of Alabama, or would have applied for such opportunities in the absence of the racial discrimination challenged in defendant's selection procedure. After extensive litigation, on June 21, 2001, the court (Judge Thompson) issued an order denying both motions, however did so with leave to be renewed at the appropriate time in accordance with set scheduling orders.

On March 17, 2003, the plaintiffs again filed motions for certification of both a plaintiff class and a defendant class. On December 27, 2004, the defendant filed motion for summary judgment, which was denied by the court (Judge Thompson) On May 3, 2005. On March 24, 2006, the defendant filed a motion for a ruling on the class certification claims of 2003.

Starting on May 2, 2007, the court (Judge Thompson) granted multiple motions to intervene that were filed throughout the 15-year litigation period. In doing so, the court (Judge Thompson) converted any related complaints-in-intervention to separate lawsuits. At this point, nearly all the attorneys filed individual motions to withdraw, and all such motions were granted. This lasted through the year 2009. On November 30, 2009, the Court (Judge Thompson) denied class certification, turning this case into a single plaintiff action. The Clearinghouse will therefore no longer follow it.

Joshua Arocho - 06/26/2012


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Discrimination-area
Discharge / Constructive Discharge / Layoff
Discipline
Hiring
Other Conditions of Employment (including assignment, transfer, hours, working conditions, etc)
Pay / Benefits
Promotion
Training
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Disparate Treatment
Pattern or Practice
Race
Black
Causes of Action Title VII (including PDA), 42 U.S.C. § 2000e
42 U.S.C. § 1983
42 U.S.C. § 1981
Defendant(s) State of Alabama
Plaintiff Description Class certification denied. Attempted class was: all African-Americans who applied for employment opportunities with the State of Alabama, or would have applied for such opportunities in the absence of the racial discrimination challenged in defendant’s selection procedure.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party None Yet / None
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief None yet
Source of Relief None yet
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Yes
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Megacases, Diversity, and the Elusive Goal of Workplace Reform
Written: Mar. 01, 2008
By: Nancy Levit (University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law)
Citation: 49 B.C. L. Rev. 367 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Second Generation Employment Discrimination: A Structural Approach
By: Susan Sturm (Columbia Law School)
Citation: 101 Colum. L. Rev. 458 (2001)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
2:94-cv-00356 (M.D. Ala.) 01/09/2012
EE-AL-0100-9000 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Motion for Certification of a Plaintiff Class 09/15/1994
EE-AL-0100-0001 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Motion for Certification of a Defendant Class of All Agencies and Departments at the State of Alabama 09/15/1994
EE-AL-0100-0002 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion (11th Circuit) 12/29/1999 (198 F.3d 1305)
EE-AL-0100-0013 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judgment from USCA 11th Circuit Affirming District Court's Decision Denying Defendant's Motion to Dismiss Disparate Impact Claims against State of AL 04/11/2000
EE-AL-0100-0004 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Motion For Certification of a Defendant Class of All Agencies and Departments of the State of Alabama 03/17/2003
EE-AL-0100-0003 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Motion for Certification of a Defendant Class of All Agencies and Departments of the State of Alabama 03/17/2003
EE-AL-0100-0007 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Motion for Certification of Plaintiff Class 03/17/2003
EE-AL-0100-0012 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order (Denying Defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment) 05/03/2005 (M.D. Ala.)
EE-AL-0100-0005 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendants' Memorandum of Law in Support of Motion for Certification Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 1292(b) 07/15/2005
EE-AL-0100-0006 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiffs' Response to Defendants' Motion for Rule 54(b) Judgment, or in the Alternative Motion for Certification Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §1292(b) 07/15/2005
EE-AL-0100-0008 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judgment (Dismissing Individual Claims of Eugene Crum with Prejudice) 07/21/2005
EE-AL-0100-0009 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion 10/02/2006 (2006 WL 2841081) (M.D. Ala.)
EE-AL-0100-0014 PDF | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Request for a Ruling on the Motion for Class Certification 07/28/2009
EE-AL-0100-0011 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order (Denying Certification of Plaintiff and Defendant Class) 11/30/2009 (M.D. Ala.)
EE-AL-0100-0010 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Anderson, Robert Lanier III (Fifth Circuit, Eleventh Circuit)
EE-AL-0100-0004
Coody, Charles S. (M.D. Ala.) [Magistrate]
EE-AL-0100-9000
Fay, Peter Thorp (Fifth Circuit, S.D. Fla., Eleventh Circuit)
EE-AL-0100-0004
Thompson, Myron Herbert (M.D. Ala., N.D. Ala.)
EE-AL-0100-0005 | EE-AL-0100-0009 | EE-AL-0100-0010 | EE-AL-0100-0014 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Tjoflat, Gerald Bard (Fifth Circuit, M.D. Fla., Eleventh Circuit)
EE-AL-0100-0004 | EE-AL-0100-0013
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Adams, Russell Wayne (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-0012 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Alstyne, Abigail Pruyn Van (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-0012 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Blizzard, Henry Wallace III (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Calamusa, Rocco Jr. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-0003 | EE-AL-0100-0007 | EE-AL-0100-0008 | EE-AL-0100-0012 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Childs, Robert F. Jr. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-0003 | EE-AL-0100-0007 | EE-AL-0100-0008 | EE-AL-0100-0012 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Donahue, Susan Gale (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-0012 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Ebbinghouse, Richard J (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Gallion, Thomas T. III (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-0012 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Grider, Ricky (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Griffith, Amelia Haines (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-0012 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Perkins, Byron Renard (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Simon, Kell Ascher (Texas)
EE-AL-0100-0008 | EE-AL-0100-0012 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Tepley, Peter John (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-0012 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Walston, Richard H. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-0012 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Wiggins, Robert L Jr. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-0001 | EE-AL-0100-0002 | EE-AL-0100-0008 | EE-AL-0100-0012 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Wiggins, Ann K. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-0008 | EE-AL-0100-0012 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Wiggins, Gregory O'Dell (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-0012 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Abbot, Richard Taylor Jr. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Allen, Edward Smith (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Avery, Abigail Hood (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Barker, Constance S. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Barnett, Henry Clay Jr. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Bates, Roger Lee (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Bell, Theodore Patrick (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Biggs, Gregory Marion (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Borden, Lisa Wright (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Bowden, Ronald James (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Boyd, David R. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Breckenridge, John J. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Butler, William O. III (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Byrne, Alice Ann (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Campbell, Andrew P (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Clemon, A. Michelle (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Coleman, John James III (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Corscadden, Scott William (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Craven, Larry Eugene (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Culberson, Mary Elizabeth (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Culverhouse, Renee D. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Davis, Edward Earl (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Davis, Philip C. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Dean, David Johnson (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Dean, Juliana Faria Teixeira (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Dettling, Aaron L. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Dowdy, Kenneth A. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Evans, James Harold (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Ficquette, Sharon Elaine (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Fillingim, Gary W. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Fleming, Margaret L. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Freeman, Ashley Hawkins (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Fuller, Ben A. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Gardner, William F. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Garner, Gwendolyn Bulger (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Garrett, Billington Malone (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Gerard, Carol Robin (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Gillis, Henry Lewis (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Givhan, Robert Marc (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Gottlieb, Carl Robert Jr. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Hamlett, Ashley (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Heidt, Frances (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Higgins, Pamela Robinson (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Hoaglund, Eric Daniel (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Holmes, John Barksdale III (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Hosp, Edward Andrew (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Huntley, Willie J. Jr. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Hyde, Robbie (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Ippolito, Jim Robert Jr. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Isler, Mai Lan Fogal (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Jackson, Christina Harris (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Jernigan, Adero Solvini (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Jones, George E. III (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Jordan, Nikaa Baugh (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Kauffman, Douglas Brian (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Kelley, William Franklin Jr. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Kelly, Anita L. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Laurie, Robin Garrett (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Lee, Brandy Murphy (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Leitman, Eddie (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Lightfoot, Warren B Jr (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Long-Daniels, David Wayne (Georgia)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Loper, David M. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Marsh, Frank Decalve (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Masters, Daryl L. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
McGowin, Dana Wright (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
McKinney, Ricky J. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Meadows, Richard N. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Miller, Keith S. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-0011 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Morrow, Roger Stephen (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Musso, Joe (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
O'Neal, Lynne Stephens (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Osborn, James Michael (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Park, John J. Jr. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Pilcher, Mary Egleston (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Prendergast, William Francis (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Proctor, Laura Ellison (Tennessee)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Pryor, William Holcombe Jr. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Redd, Andrew Weldon (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Redmond, Wesley Clyde (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Reed, Charles R. (California)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Rigsby, Nefertari Sudetta (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Robinson, Gregory J. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Romine, John J. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Russell, Robert Jackson (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Schmitz, Peggy L. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Shashy, William A. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Sheffield, Erica L. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Simpson, Stephen K. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Sims, Patrick H. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Sims, Louie Lee Jr. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Sinclair, Thomas O'Neal (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Sloan, Thomas Dwight (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Smith, David Michael (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Smith, Jacquelyn Demetrius (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Smith, Brenda Flowers (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Sorrells, Reginald Lee (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Stephens, William Taft (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Stuedeman, Amy L. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Tambling, Robert Douglas (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Tarver, Courtney W. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Terrell, Christopher Trolson (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Thomas, William Kenneth (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Thomas, Kim Tobias (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Thomas, Kenneth L. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Trawick, Gary R. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Tunstill, Wendy Tyler (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Ussery, R. Frank (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Vega, Mathew A. (Tennessee)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Waggoner, Mark T (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Walker, Jordan Dorman (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Wallis, Jenifer Champ (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Watson, Kenneth Alan (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Weinberg, Robert M. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Weller, Julia J. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Weller, Christopher W. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-0006 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Wells, Barbara Jean (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Westry, Milton J. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
White, Michael Ronald (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Wible, John Richard (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
York, Cinda Ruth (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Other Lawyers Bain, Charles Mark (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Calvin, Joseph Hiram III (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Cooks, Roderick Twain (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Davis, James William (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Garber, Alan H (Georgia)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Gilliland, Scott A. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Mendelsohn, James A. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Page, Kimberly C. (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000
Winston, Lee D (Alabama)
EE-AL-0100-9000

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