University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Cline v. General Dynamics Land Sys. EE-OH-0095
Docket / Court 99-cv-07401 ( N.D. Ohio )
State/Territory Ohio
Case Type(s) Equal Employment
Special Collection Private Employment Class Actions
Case Summary
On June 24, 1999, employees of General Dynamics Land Systems filed a class action lawsuit against their employer in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio. The plaintiffs alleged age discrimination in violation of the Age Discrimination in Employment Act ("ADEA"), 29 U. ... read more >
On June 24, 1999, employees of General Dynamics Land Systems filed a class action lawsuit against their employer in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio. The plaintiffs alleged age discrimination in violation of the Age Discrimination in Employment Act ("ADEA"), 29 U.S.C. § 626, and asked the court for monetary compensation, including back pay and benefits, and for an injunction requiring their employer to cease discriminatory actions. Specifically, the plaintiffs contended that a collective bargaining agreement unfairly impacted younger employees, and adversely impacted them with respect to compensation and terms, conditions, or privileges of employment.

On March 10, 2000, the District Court (Judge David A. Katz) granted the defendant's motion to dismiss, holding that claim of reverse age discrimination was not cognizable under the ADEA. Cline v. General Dynamics, 98 F. Supp. 2d 846 (N.D. Ohio 2000). According to the PACER docket, the Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit reversed the ruling of the District Court, finding that the plaintiffs had been discriminated against because of their age. The Supreme Court granted certiorari, and on February 24, 2004, reversed the ruling of the appellate court, upholding the District Court's dismissal, and holding that the ADEA does not prohibit favoring older employees over younger employees. Cline v. General Dynamics, 540 U.S. 581 (2004).

Andrew Kline - 05/06/2008


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
Male
Discrimination-area
Other Conditions of Employment (including assignment, transfer, hours, working conditions, etc)
Pay / Benefits
Discrimination-basis
Age discrimination
General
Disparate Treatment
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA), 29 U.S.C. §§ 621 et seq.
Defendant(s) General Dynamics Land Systems
Plaintiff Description A large number of employees of General Dynamics Land Systems between the ages of 40 and 50 who objected to the terms of a new collective bargaining agreement that would preserve health benefits only for workers 50 and older
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief None
Source of Relief None
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 2004
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Megacases, Diversity, and the Elusive Goal of Workplace Reform
Written: Mar. 01, 2008
By: Nancy Levit (University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law)
Citation: 49 B.C. L. Rev. 367 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Second Generation Employment Discrimination: A Structural Approach
By: Susan Sturm (Columbia Law School)
Citation: 101 Colum. L. Rev. 458 (2001)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Links The Oyez Project, General Dynamics Land Systems Inc. v Cline, 540 U.S. 581 (2004).
www.oyez.org
Posted: Feb. 24, 2004
By: Oyez Project (IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
3:99−cv−07401 (N.D. Ohio) 05/04/2004
EE-OH-0095-9000.pdf | Detail
General Documents
Opinion 03/10/2000 (98 F.Supp.2d 846) (N.D. Ohio)
EE-OH-0095-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion 02/24/2004 (540 U.S. 581)
EE-OH-0095-0002.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Judges Katz, David A. (N.D. Ohio)
EE-OH-0095-0001 | EE-OH-0095-9000
Souter, David Hackett (First Circuit, SCOTUS)
EE-OH-0095-0002
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Biggerman, Mark W. (Ohio)
EE-OH-0095-0001 | EE-OH-0095-0002 | EE-OH-0095-9000
Hadden, E. Bruce (Ohio)
EE-OH-0095-0001 | EE-OH-0095-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Martin, Craig C. (Illinois)
EE-OH-0095-0001 | EE-OH-0095-9000
Miller, Samuel S. (Illinois)
EE-OH-0095-0001 | EE-OH-0095-9000
Rozycki, Carla J. (Illinois)
EE-OH-0095-0001 | EE-OH-0095-9000
Scheidel, Rolf H (Ohio)
EE-OH-0095-0001 | EE-OH-0095-9000
Other Lawyers Clement, Paul D. (District of Columbia)
EE-OH-0095-0002

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