University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Huguley v. General Motors Corp. EE-MI-0189
Docket / Court 2:83-cv-72864 ( E.D. Mich. )
State/Territory Michigan
Case Type(s) Equal Employment
Special Collection Private Employment Class Actions
Case Summary
On July 15, 1983, a black salaried General Motors employee, along with other similarly situated GM employees, filed a lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1981 against General Motors in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan.

The plaintiffs, represented by private ... read more >
On July 15, 1983, a black salaried General Motors employee, along with other similarly situated GM employees, filed a lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1981 against General Motors in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan.

The plaintiffs, represented by private counsel, asked the court for both monetary damages and injunctive relief. Several amendments to the original complaint were filed. The third amended complaint was filed in 1986 and alleged that General Motors' performance appraisal system was discriminatory with respect to promotions, demotions, layoffs, recalls, salary increases, and transfers.

On October 16, 1986, the district court (Judge John Feikens) certified the class. The class was limited to employees in the states of Michigan, Ohio, and Indiana who were subject to General Motors' performance appraisal system between October 8, 1982, and September 25, 1986. Employees in the legal and personnel departments were excluded. In total in the class consisted of nearly 10,000 current and former employees.

After extensive discovery and lengthy settlement negotiations, the parties proposed a consent decree to the court on January 29, 1989.The district court preliminary approved the consent decree on February 3, 1989.

The consent decree provided the following: (1) a computerized system would monitor the performance appraisal system and notify General Motors when the employment statistics relating to black employees varied significantly from those of white employees; (2) General Motors, when informed of statistically significant deviations, would make necessary adjustments to offset any discrepancies; (3) monetary relief, which would be provided in the form of one-time payments to former employees who were members of the class, for named plaintiffs and anecdotal witnesses, and attorneys' fees. Permanent salary adjustments for current employees as well as attorneys' fees were also included in the proposed consent decree.

Nathaniel Koslof - 07/25/2010


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
Male
Content of Injunction
Follow recruitment, hiring, or promotion protocols
Monitor/Master
Monitoring
Promotion
Defendant-type
Transportation
Discrimination-area
Pay / Benefits
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Disparate Treatment
Pattern or Practice
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Race
Black
Causes of Action Title VII (including PDA), 42 U.S.C. § 2000e
Title VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000d et seq.
42 U.S.C. § 1981
Defendant(s) GM Corporation
Plaintiff Description Employees in the states of Michigan, Ohio, and Indiana who were subject to General Motors' performance appraisal system between October 8, 1982, and September 25, 1986. Employees in the legal / personnel departments were excluded
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Damages
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 1991
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Megacases, Diversity, and the Elusive Goal of Workplace Reform
Written: Mar. 01, 2008
By: Nancy Levit (University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law)
Citation: 49 B.C. L. Rev. 367 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Second Generation Employment Discrimination: A Structural Approach
By: Susan Sturm (Columbia Law School)
Citation: 101 Colum. L. Rev. 458 (2001)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
2:83-cv-72864 (E.D. Mich.) 07/15/2004
EE-MI-0189-9000.pdf | Detail
General Documents
[Order affirming district court] 02/22/1991 (925 F.2d 1464)
EE-MI-0189-0002.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Opinion (6th Cir. Reversing District Court) 10/10/1995 (67 F.3d 129)
EE-MI-0189-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: U.S. Court of Appeals website
Judges Feikens, John (E.D. Mich.)
EE-MI-0189-0002 | EE-MI-0189-9000 | EE-MI-0189-9000
Milburn, Herbert Theodore (E.D. Tenn, Sixth Circuit)
EE-MI-0189-0001
Ryan, James Leo (Sixth Circuit)
EE-MI-0189-0001
Wellford, Harry Walker (W.D. Tenn., Sixth Circuit)
EE-MI-0189-0001
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Bloom, Cheryl D. (Michigan)
EE-MI-0189-9000
Burkett, Patrick J. (Michigan)
EE-MI-0189-9000
Choly, Deborah A. (Michigan)
EE-MI-0189-9000
Dillard, Godfrey J. (Michigan)
EE-MI-0189-9000
Golden, Joseph A. (Michigan)
EE-MI-0189-9000
Jackowski-Harrison, Michelle F. (Michigan)
EE-MI-0189-9000
James, Dennis D. (Michigan)
EE-MI-0189-9000
Linkner, Monica F. (Michigan)
EE-MI-0189-9000
Morgan, Courtney E. Jr. (Michigan)
EE-MI-0189-9000
Postic, Lionel J. (Georgia)
EE-MI-0189-9000
Ravitz, Justin C. (Michigan)
EE-MI-0189-9000
Reosti, Ronald J. (Michigan)
EE-MI-0189-9000
Robinson, Ronald (Michigan)
EE-MI-0189-9000
Stamler, Patricia A. (Michigan)
EE-MI-0189-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Alexopoulos, Alex L. (Michigan)
EE-MI-0189-9000
Archer, Dennis W. (Illinois)
EE-MI-0189-9000
Ashe, R. Lawrence Jr. (Georgia)
EE-MI-0189-9000
Brown, Barbara Berish (District of Columbia)
EE-MI-0189-9000
Casey, Dennis L. (District of Columbia)
EE-MI-0189-9000
Flora, Mark R. (Texas)
EE-MI-0189-9000
Galant, Daniel G. (Michigan)
EE-MI-0189-9000
Granzotto, Mark (Michigan)
EE-MI-0189-9000
Jenkins, Maurice G. (Michigan)
EE-MI-0189-9000
Page, Terence V. (Michigan)
EE-MI-0189-9000
Powell, Robert W. (Michigan)
EE-MI-0189-9000
Tucker, Wendell R. (Indiana)
EE-MI-0189-9000
Zahra, Brian K. (Michigan)
EE-MI-0189-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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