University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Caldwell v. FEDEX Corporation EE-CA-0293
Docket / Court 3:03-CV-02878 ( N.D. Cal. )
State/Territory California
Case Type(s) Equal Employment
Special Collection Private Employment Class Actions
Case Summary
On June 19, 2003, an individual employee filed a lawsuit under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000e, 42 U.S.C. § 1981, and the California Fair Employment and Housing Act, against the FedEx Corporation in the United States District Court for the Northern District of ... read more >
On June 19, 2003, an individual employee filed a lawsuit under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000e, 42 U.S.C. § 1981, and the California Fair Employment and Housing Act, against the FedEx Corporation in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California. On November 13, 2003, the case was consolidated with a case of the same nature, Satchell v. FedEx Express, which had been filed in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California in 2003. The plaintiffs, who were represented by private counsel, asked the court for declaratory relief, injunctive relief, rightful place relief, back pay, front pay, compensatory and punitive damages, and attorney fees. The plaintiffs alleged disparate impact and disparate treatment concerning minority employees and minority lower-level managers with regards to promotions, training, job assignments, compensation, and discipline. Specifically, the plaintiffs contended that FedEx disproportionately assigned minority employees to part-time and casual positions, provided them with fewer promotions than non-minority employees, granted less compensation for minority employees than similarly situated non-minorities, and disciplined minority employees more harshly.

On September 11, 2004 the plaintiffs filed a motion for class certification and on September 28, 2005, the court (Judge Susan Illston) granted the plaintiff's motion for class certification. Two classes were certified: a Minority Employee Class and an African-American Lower-Level Manager Class, both incorporating all employees meeting these standards since October 17, 1999 and working in FedEx's Western Region. The court also bifurcated the litigation into two phases, one to address liability and relief applicable to the class and the second to address individual compensatory and equitable relief. On December 5, 2006, the court (Judge Illston) dismissed the class claims certified under the California Fair Employment and Housing Act in accordance with the plaintiffs' amended complaint.

On April 13, 2007, the court (Judge Illston) granted preliminary approval of the consent decree, which provided for an award of $15 million in attorneys' fees and reimbursement. Caldwell v. FedEx, 2007 WL 1114010 (N.D. Cal. 2007). The court (Judge Illston) also granted the plaintiffs' motion for attorneys' fees and reimbursement of costs and expenses. Caldwell v. FedEx, 2007 WL 2343904 (N.D. Cal. 2007). The court (Judge Illston) then signed the consent decree. The provisions of the settlement agreement included monetary relief, attorneys' fees, and injunctive relief, consisting of the new guidelines for granting positions, training, job assignments, compensation, and discipline within the FedEx Corporation. The parties have continued to litigate such issues as attorneys' fees through January 2008.

Judge Illston entered the final judgment dismissing the case with prejudice, in accordance with the terms of the Consent Decree on August 14, 2007.

Emily Kuznick - 04/03/2008


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
Male
Content of Injunction
Comply with advertising/recruiting requirements
Discrimination Prohibition
Follow recruitment, hiring, or promotion protocols
Implement complaint/dispute resolution process
Monitor/Master
Monitoring
Other requirements regarding hiring, promotion, retention
Post/Distribute Notice of Rights / EE Law
Provide antidiscrimination training
Recordkeeping
Reporting
Retaliation Prohibition
Utilize objective hiring/promotion criteria
Defendant-type
Transportation
Discrimination-area
Discipline
Other Conditions of Employment (including assignment, transfer, hours, working conditions, etc)
Pay / Benefits
Promotion
Training
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Disparate Treatment
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Race
American Indian/Alaskan Native
Asian/Pacific Islander
Black
Causes of Action Title VII (including PDA), 42 U.S.C. § 2000e
42 U.S.C. § 1981
Defendant(s) FedEx Corp.
Plaintiff Description Minority employees and minority lower-level managers
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Damages
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 2007 - 2011
Case Closing Year 2007
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Megacases, Diversity, and the Elusive Goal of Workplace Reform
Written: Mar. 01, 2008
By: Nancy Levit (University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law)
Citation: 49 B.C. L. Rev. 367 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Second Generation Employment Discrimination: A Structural Approach
By: Susan Sturm (Columbia Law School)
Citation: 101 Colum. L. Rev. 458 (2001)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
3:03-cv-02878 (N.D. Cal.) 01/24/2008
EE-CA-0293-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Motion to certify class 09/11/2004
EE-CA-0293-0005.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Amended Complaint 10/12/2005 (2005 WL 3142958)
EE-CA-0293-0006.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order dismissing class claims under the California Fair Employment and Housing Act 12/05/2006 (N.D. Cal.)
EE-CA-0293-0009.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[PROPOSED] ORDER (1) PRELIMINARILY APPROVING CLASS ACTION SETTLEMENT, (2) PROVISIONALLY CERTIFYING SETTLEMENT CLASSES, (3) DIRECTING DISTRIBUTION OF NOTICE OF THE SETTLEMENT, AND (4) SETTING A SCHEDULE FOR THE FINAL SETTLEMENT APPROVAL PROCESS 04/13/2007 (2007 WL 1114010) (N.D. Cal.)
EE-CA-0293-0016.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Motion for Final Approval of Settlement 06/22/2007
EE-CA-0293-0011.pdf | Detail
Application for Attorney Fees and Reimbursement of Costs and Expenses 08/09/2007
EE-CA-0293-0012.pdf | Detail
Opinion 08/14/2007 (2007 WL 2343904) (N.D. Cal.)
EE-CA-0293-0014.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Consent Decree 08/15/2007
EE-CA-0293-0013.pdf | Detail
Opinion 10/17/2007 (2007 WL 3037714) (N.D. Cal.)
EE-CA-0293-0015.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Judges Illston, Susan Yvonne (N.D. Cal.)
EE-CA-0293-0009 | EE-CA-0293-0013 | EE-CA-0293-0014 | EE-CA-0293-0015 | EE-CA-0293-0016 | EE-CA-0293-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Barenbaum, Daniel E. (California)
EE-CA-0293-0011 | EE-CA-0293-0012 | EE-CA-0293-0013 | EE-CA-0293-0014 | EE-CA-0293-0015 | EE-CA-0293-0016 | EE-CA-0293-9000
Burris, John L. (California)
EE-CA-0293-0005 | EE-CA-0293-0006 | EE-CA-0293-0011 | EE-CA-0293-0012 | EE-CA-0293-0013 | EE-CA-0293-0014 | EE-CA-0293-0015 | EE-CA-0293-0016 | EE-CA-0293-9000
Cervantez, Eve Hedy (California)
EE-CA-0293-0009 | EE-CA-0293-0011 | EE-CA-0293-0012 | EE-CA-0293-0013 | EE-CA-0293-0014 | EE-CA-0293-0015 | EE-CA-0293-0016 | EE-CA-0293-9000
Curran, Felicia C. (California)
EE-CA-0293-0016
Davis, Michael S. (California)
EE-CA-0293-0005 | EE-CA-0293-0006 | EE-CA-0293-0011 | EE-CA-0293-0012 | EE-CA-0293-0013 | EE-CA-0293-0014 | EE-CA-0293-0015 | EE-CA-0293-0016 | EE-CA-0293-9000
Dermody, Kelly M. (California)
EE-CA-0293-0011 | EE-CA-0293-0012 | EE-CA-0293-0013 | EE-CA-0293-0014 | EE-CA-0293-0015 | EE-CA-0293-0016 | EE-CA-0293-9000
Evenson, Rebekah B. (California)
EE-CA-0293-0011 | EE-CA-0293-0012 | EE-CA-0293-0014 | EE-CA-0293-0015 | EE-CA-0293-0016 | EE-CA-0293-9000
Finberg, James M. (California)
EE-CA-0293-0005 | EE-CA-0293-0006 | EE-CA-0293-0011 | EE-CA-0293-0012 | EE-CA-0293-0013 | EE-CA-0293-0014 | EE-CA-0293-0015 | EE-CA-0293-0016 | EE-CA-0293-9000
Goldstein, Barry L (California)
EE-CA-0293-0011 | EE-CA-0293-0012 | EE-CA-0293-0013 | EE-CA-0293-0014 | EE-CA-0293-0016
Harris, Sheryl Ivonne (California)
EE-CA-0293-0014 | EE-CA-0293-0015 | EE-CA-0293-0016 | EE-CA-0293-9000
Hazam, Lexi Joy (California)
EE-CA-0293-0005 | EE-CA-0293-0006 | EE-CA-0293-0014 | EE-CA-0293-0015 | EE-CA-0293-0016 | EE-CA-0293-9000
Keitner, Chimene I (California)
EE-CA-0293-0005 | EE-CA-0293-0006 | EE-CA-0293-0013 | EE-CA-0293-0014 | EE-CA-0293-0015 | EE-CA-0293-0016 | EE-CA-0293-9000
Konecky, Joshua Geoffrey (California)
EE-CA-0293-0005 | EE-CA-0293-0006 | EE-CA-0293-0013 | EE-CA-0293-0014 | EE-CA-0293-0015 | EE-CA-0293-0016
Kramer, Karin A. (California)
EE-CA-0293-0005
Laird, Elisa P. (California)
EE-CA-0293-0014 | EE-CA-0293-0015 | EE-CA-0293-0016
Lee, Bill Lann (California)
EE-CA-0293-0005 | EE-CA-0293-0006 | EE-CA-0293-9000
Leonard, Danielle E. (California)
EE-CA-0293-0011 | EE-CA-0293-0012 | EE-CA-0293-0014 | EE-CA-0293-0016 | EE-CA-0293-9000
McCoy, Waukeen Quandrico (California)
EE-CA-0293-0005 | EE-CA-0293-0006 | EE-CA-0293-0011 | EE-CA-0293-0012 | EE-CA-0293-0013 | EE-CA-0293-0014 | EE-CA-0293-0015 | EE-CA-0293-0016 | EE-CA-0293-9000
Parker, Kay McKenzie (California)
EE-CA-0293-0005 | EE-CA-0293-0006 | EE-CA-0293-0011 | EE-CA-0293-0012 | EE-CA-0293-0013 | EE-CA-0293-0014 | EE-CA-0293-0015 | EE-CA-0293-0016 | EE-CA-0293-9000
Prestel, Claire (District of Columbia)
EE-CA-0293-0011 | EE-CA-0293-0012 | EE-CA-0293-0013 | EE-CA-0293-0014 | EE-CA-0293-0015 | EE-CA-0293-0016 | EE-CA-0293-9000
Schneider, Todd Michael (California)
EE-CA-0293-0005 | EE-CA-0293-0006 | EE-CA-0293-0011 | EE-CA-0293-0012 | EE-CA-0293-0013 | EE-CA-0293-0014 | EE-CA-0293-0015 | EE-CA-0293-0016 | EE-CA-0293-9000
Sekhon, Nirej S. (California)
EE-CA-0293-0005 | EE-CA-0293-0006
Wallace, Guy B. (California)
EE-CA-0293-0005 | EE-CA-0293-0006 | EE-CA-0293-0011 | EE-CA-0293-0012 | EE-CA-0293-0013 | EE-CA-0293-0014 | EE-CA-0293-0015 | EE-CA-0293-0016 | EE-CA-0293-9000
Williams, Barbra Lynne (California)
EE-CA-0293-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Babcock, Barak J. (Tennessee)
EE-CA-0293-0014 | EE-CA-0293-0015 | EE-CA-0293-0016 | EE-CA-0293-9000
Becker, Evelyn L. (District of Columbia)
EE-CA-0293-0009
Billions, David Andrew (Tennessee)
EE-CA-0293-0014 | EE-CA-0293-0015 | EE-CA-0293-0016 | EE-CA-0293-9000
Collins, Cynthia J. (Tennessee)
EE-CA-0293-0014 | EE-CA-0293-0015 | EE-CA-0293-0016 | EE-CA-0293-9000
Dawson, Kamili Williams (California)
EE-CA-0293-0014 | EE-CA-0293-0015 | EE-CA-0293-0016 | EE-CA-0293-9000
Diekmann, Gilmore F. Jr. (California)
EE-CA-0293-0009 | EE-CA-0293-0014 | EE-CA-0293-0015 | EE-CA-0293-0016 | EE-CA-0293-9000
Douglas, Frederick L. (Tennessee)
EE-CA-0293-0009 | EE-CA-0293-0013 | EE-CA-0293-0014 | EE-CA-0293-0015 | EE-CA-0293-0016
Isom, Sandra Colene (Tennessee)
EE-CA-0293-0014 | EE-CA-0293-0015 | EE-CA-0293-0016 | EE-CA-0293-9000
Jerman, Tom A (California)
EE-CA-0293-0014 | EE-CA-0293-0015 | EE-CA-0293-0016 | EE-CA-0293-9000
Littrell, Jeana M. (Tennessee)
EE-CA-0293-0013
Ortman, Francis J III (California)
EE-CA-0293-0009 | EE-CA-0293-0014 | EE-CA-0293-0015 | EE-CA-0293-0016 | EE-CA-0293-9000
Reed, Terrence O'Neal (Tennessee)
EE-CA-0293-0014 | EE-CA-0293-0015 | EE-CA-0293-0016
Reis, David James (California)
EE-CA-0293-0014 | EE-CA-0293-0015 | EE-CA-0293-0016 | EE-CA-0293-9000
Riley, George A. (California)
EE-CA-0293-0014 | EE-CA-0293-0015 | EE-CA-0293-0016 | EE-CA-0293-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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