University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
new search
page permalink
Case Name Zmora v. Minnesota EE-MN-0078
Docket / Court 0:01-cv-01905 ( D. Minn. )
State/Territory Minnesota
Case Type(s) Equal Employment
Special Collection Private Employment Class Actions
Case Summary
On October 17, 2001, a Jewish professor at St. Cloud State University ("SCSU") in Minnesota filed a lawsuit under both Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, 42 U.S.C. § 2000e et. seq., and the Minnesota Human Rights Act ("MHRA"), Minn. Stat. § 363.01 et. seq. against the Minnesota State College and ... read more >
On October 17, 2001, a Jewish professor at St. Cloud State University ("SCSU") in Minnesota filed a lawsuit under both Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, 42 U.S.C. § 2000e et. seq., and the Minnesota Human Rights Act ("MHRA"), Minn. Stat. § 363.01 et. seq. against the Minnesota State College and University System in the United States District Court for the District of Minnesota. The plaintiff, represented by private counsel, asked the court for remedial and monetary relief, alleging routine anti-Semitic discrimination at SCSU. Specifically, the plaintiffs alleged a pattern and practice of discrimination with respect to hiring, promotion, scheduling, and retention of Jewish faculty.

On January 17, 2002, the defendant filed a motion for summary judgment. On April 10, 2002, the court (Judge Joan E. Lancaster) granted in part, and denied in part, the defendant's motion. Plaintiff's individual claim for retaliation under Title VII, as alleged in Count III of the amended complaint, was dismissed with prejudice; in all other respects, the defendant's motion was denied.

On December 5, 2002, the court (Judge Lancaster) provisionally certified the class. The plaintiffs represented a class of two subgroups: the first included all past and present Jewish faculty members and all Jewish persons who had applied for employment at SCSU. The second included all faculty and students (both Jewish and non-Jewish) who had been retaliated against for opposing and objecting to the defendant's illegal discriminatory practices and/or petitioning the government for redress of grievances.

On February 10, 2003, the court (Judge Lancaster) issued an Order Approving Class Action Settlement. The agreement provided for remedial and monetary relief, consisting of implementing a variety of changes relating to its training, notification and anti-discrimination policies, as well as the establishment of a Jewish Studies and Resource Center. SCSU also agreed to pay the sum of $50,000 to the non-excluding members of the settlement class, and an additional $265,000 between the three named Plaintiffs. Further details of the distribution are specified in the Settlement Agreement (41).

Nathaniel Koslof - 04/10/2008


compress summary

- click to show/hide ALL -
Issues and Causes of Action
click to show/hide detail
Issues
Affected Gender
Female
Male
Defendant-type
College/University
Discrimination-area
Harassment / Hostile Work Environment
Hiring
Other Conditions of Employment (including assignment, transfer, hours, working conditions, etc)
Pay / Benefits
Promotion
Training
Discrimination-basis
Religion discrimination
General
Disparate Treatment
Pattern or Practice
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action Title VII (including PDA), 42 U.S.C. § 2000e
Defendant(s) Minnesota, State of
Plaintiff Description All past and present Jewish faculty members/persons who applied for employment at SCSU, and all faculty/students (Jewish/non-Jewish) who had been retaliated against for opposing and objecting to the defendant’s illegal discriminatory practices.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Damages
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 2004
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
click to show/hide detail
Case Studies Megacases, Diversity, and the Elusive Goal of Workplace Reform
Written: Mar. 01, 2008
By: Nancy Levit (University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law)
Citation: 49 B.C. L. Rev. 367 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Second Generation Employment Discrimination: A Structural Approach
By: Susan Sturm (Columbia Law School)
Citation: 101 Colum. L. Rev. 458 (2001)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
0:01−cv−01905 (D. Minn.) 11/18/2004
EE-MN-0078-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Memorandum Opinion and Order Granting in Part and Denying in Part Motion for Summary Judgment 04/10/2002 (2002 WL 539075) (D. Minn.)
EE-MN-0078-0003.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Order Provisionally Certifying Class 12/05/2002 (D. Minn.)
EE-MN-0078-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Approving Class Action Settlement 02/10/2003 (D. Minn.)
EE-MN-0078-0002.pdf | Detail
Judges Ericksen, Joan N. (D. Minn.)
EE-MN-0078-0001 | EE-MN-0078-9000
Kyle, Richard House (D. Minn.)
EE-MN-0078-0003 | EE-MN-0078-9000
Lebedoff, Jonathan G. (D. Minn.) [Magistrate]
EE-MN-0078-9000
Mason, John M. (D. Minn.) [Magistrate]
EE-MN-0078-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Arbour, Donald S. (Minnesota)
EE-MN-0078-0002 | EE-MN-0078-0003 | EE-MN-0078-9000
Harris, Paul R. (Minnesota)
EE-MN-0078-9000
McGraw, Beau D. (Minnesota)
EE-MN-0078-0002 | EE-MN-0078-9000
Schermer, Daniel W. (Minnesota)
EE-MN-0078-0002 | EE-MN-0078-0003 | EE-MN-0078-9000
Schermer, Judith K. (Minnesota)
EE-MN-0078-0002 | EE-MN-0078-0003 | EE-MN-0078-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Cunningham, Gary R. (Minnesota)
EE-MN-0078-0002 | EE-MN-0078-0003 | EE-MN-0078-9000
Laine, Edward M (Minnesota)
EE-MN-0078-9000
Merchant, David W. (Minnesota)
EE-MN-0078-0002 | EE-MN-0078-0003 | EE-MN-0078-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

- click to show/hide ALL -

new search
page permalink

- top of page -