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Case Name Luke v. Cleveland EE-OH-0093
Docket / Court 1:02-CV-01225-JG ( N.D. Ohio )
State/Territory Ohio
Case Type(s) Equal Employment
Special Collection Private Employment Class Actions
Case Summary
On March 31, 2003, an African American male, filed a class action lawsuit alleging racial discrimination under 42 U.S.C. §§1981, 1988 and violations of Equal Protection under 42 U.S.C. §§1983, 1988 against the City of Cleveland in the United States District Court, Northern District of Ohio, ... read more >
On March 31, 2003, an African American male, filed a class action lawsuit alleging racial discrimination under 42 U.S.C. §§1981, 1988 and violations of Equal Protection under 42 U.S.C. §§1983, 1988 against the City of Cleveland in the United States District Court, Northern District of Ohio, Eastern district. The plaintiff, represented by private counsel, asked the Court for an injunction preventing the promotion of any firefighters from the June 28, 2002 examination process, the promotion of black and African-American firefighters, damages in an amount relating to loss of pay resulting from duty assignments and promotions not made for black or African-American firefighters, statutory damages, damages for spoliation of evidence, punitive damages, compensatory damages, attorneys fees, costs, and any expert fees, alleging that there was a persistent practice of racial discrimination that caused a hostile work environment and prevented promotions and better assignments.

According to the plaintiffs, the Defendant committed various acts and omissions relating to disparate treatment in assignments, maintaining a racially hostile environment, and disparate treatment in disciplinary actions which have constituted violations according to the 14th Amendment of the United States Constitution.

On November 8, 2005, Plaintiffs won a jury verdict on their disparate impact discrimination and hostile environment claims. Following trial the parties met

in the judge's chambers and reached a settlement which was read into the record but never reduced to writing.

Plaintiffs moved to enforce the Settlement Agreement on June 21, 2006, and on July 13, 2006, the Magistrate (Mag. Judge Hermann) filed a report and recommmendation in favor of enforcement. The Court (Judge James Gwin) adopted the Magistrate's recommendation on November 13, 2006 and ordered the relief sought.

On January 26, 2007, the District Court, (Judge James Gwin) dismissed the case with prejudice.

Caitlyn Clarke - 03/20/2008


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
Male
Defendant-type
Fire
Discrimination-area
Discipline
Harassment / Hostile Work Environment
Other Conditions of Employment (including assignment, transfer, hours, working conditions, etc)
Promotion
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Disparate Treatment
Pattern or Practice
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Race
Black
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1981
Defendant(s) City of Cleveland
Plaintiff Description a class of employees and former employees of the city of Cleveland who, within the applicable liability period, have worked as firefighters and are black or African-American
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Mixed
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Damages
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Private Settlement Agreement
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 2006
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Megacases, Diversity, and the Elusive Goal of Workplace Reform
Written: Mar. 01, 2008
By: Nancy Levit (University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law)
Citation: 49 B.C. L. Rev. 367 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Second Generation Employment Discrimination: A Structural Approach
By: Susan Sturm (Columbia Law School)
Citation: 101 Colum. L. Rev. 458 (2001)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
1:02−cv−01225 (N.D. Ohio) 01/31/2007
EE-OH-0093-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Answer to Third Amended Compaint 04/24/2002
EE-OH-0093-0002.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Third Amended Complaint 03/31/2003
EE-OH-0093-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion [Westlaw] 08/22/2005 (2005 WL 2245187) (N.D. Ohio)
EE-OH-0093-0009.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Opinion [Westlaw] 08/25/2005 (2005 WL 2245239) (N.D. Ohio)
EE-OH-0093-0010.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Order 10/12/2005 (N.D. Ohio)
EE-OH-0093-0004.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 10/12/2005 (N.D. Ohio)
EE-OH-0093-0005.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judgment 11/10/2005 (N.D. Ohio)
EE-OH-0093-0008.pdf | Detail
Opinion [Westlaw] 03/08/2006 (2006 WL 625827) (N.D. Ohio)
EE-OH-0093-0011.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Motion to Enforce Settlement Agreement, Back Pay and for Post-Judgment Interest 06/21/2006
EE-OH-0093-0007.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion [Westlaw] 11/13/2006 (2006 WL 3311511) (N.D. Ohio)
EE-OH-0093-0012.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Opinion [Westlaw] 01/05/2007 (2007 WL 43759) (N.D. Ohio)
EE-OH-0093-0013.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Judges Gwin, James S. (N.D. Ohio)
EE-OH-0093-0004 | EE-OH-0093-0005 | EE-OH-0093-0008 | EE-OH-0093-0009 | EE-OH-0093-0010 | EE-OH-0093-0011 | EE-OH-0093-0012 | EE-OH-0093-0013 | EE-OH-0093-9000
Hemann, Patricia A. (N.D. Ohio) [Magistrate]
EE-OH-0093-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Bishop, Christy (Ohio)
EE-OH-0093-0007 | EE-OH-0093-9000
Thompson, Dennis (Ohio)
EE-OH-0093-0001 | EE-OH-0093-0007 | EE-OH-0093-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Arendt, Michelle (Ohio)
EE-OH-0093-9000
Barnard, Thomas (Ohio)
EE-OH-0093-0002 | EE-OH-0093-9000
Bixenstine, Barton (Ohio)
EE-OH-0093-9000
Diemert, Joseph (Ohio)
EE-OH-0093-9000
Gibbons, Kevin (Ohio)
EE-OH-0093-9000
Hastings, L. Stewart (Ohio)
EE-OH-0093-9000
Huff, Leslye (Ohio)
EE-OH-0093-9000
Marquit-Renwald, Amy (Ohio)
EE-OH-0093-9000
Menzalora, William (Ohio)
EE-OH-0093-9000
Monegan, Theodora (Ohio)
EE-OH-0093-9000
Rossiter, Britt (Ohio)
EE-OH-0093-0002 | EE-OH-0093-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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