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Case Name Day v. Bond IM-KS-0002
Docket / Court 5:04-cv-04085-RDR-JPO ( D. Kan. )
State/Territory Kansas
Case Type(s) Immigration
Case Summary
On July 19, 2004, a group of students at Kansas state universities and their parents filed suit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Kansas, seeking to overturn a provision of Kansas Statutes § 76-731a, a Kansas law that permitted certain undocumented aliens to qualify for in-state ... read more >
On July 19, 2004, a group of students at Kansas state universities and their parents filed suit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Kansas, seeking to overturn a provision of Kansas Statutes § 76-731a, a Kansas law that permitted certain undocumented aliens to qualify for in-state tuition. The law at issue provided that any individual (including undocumented aliens) who attended an accredited Kansas high school for three years and either graduated or earned a Kansas GED, qualified for in-state college tuition at Kansas state universities. In addition, undocumented and documented non-citizen aliens were required to sign an affidavit agreeing to upgrade their immigration status as soon as they are eligible. Plaintiffs, who were represented by the Federation for American Immigration Reform and private attorneys, alleged that the law unlawfully discriminated against U.S. citizens who are not Kansas residents in violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment and was preempted by federal immigration law, namely 8 U.S.C. § 1623. Plaintiffs sought declaratory and injunctive relief to enjoin application of the law to undocumented aliens.

Defendants moved to dismiss the case. Two groups, the Kansas League of United Latin American Citizens (KLULAC) and the Hispanic American Leadership Organization, Kansas State Chapter (HALO) were allowed to intervene as defendants in the case. Day v. Sebelius, 227 F.R.D. 668 (D.Kan. Feb 24, 2005). The intervening defendants, who were represented by the National Immigration Law Center, the ACLU, and META, Inc., also moved to dismiss the case.

On May 10, 2005, the District Court (Judge Richard D. Rogers) held a hearing on the motions to dismiss. Following the hearing, the parties submitted additional materials to the Court for its consideration. Based on that additional evidence, the Court converted the motions to dismiss to motions for summary judgment. The Court granted summary judgment to the defendants, finding that plaintiffs lacked standing to bring their Equal Protection claim and had no private cause of action for their statutory preemption claim under 8 U.S.C. § 1623. Day v. Sebelius, 376 F.Supp.2d 1022 (D.Kan. 2005) Plaintiffs appealed. The Court of Appeals affirmed, finding that plaintiffs lacked standing for all of their claims. Day v. Bond, 500 F.3d 1127, 1130 (10th Cir.2007). Plaintiffs' petition for rehearing and rehearing en banc was denied Day v. Bond, 511 F.3d 1030, 2007 WL 4376052 (10th Cir. Dec 17, 2007). The plaintiffs filed a petition for writ of certiorari, and on June 30, 2008, the U.S. Supreme Court denied the petition for certiorari.

Kristen Sagar - 03/02/2009


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Federalism
General
Education
Public benefits (includes, e.g., in-state tuition, govt. jobs)
Immigration
Constitutional rights
Undocumented immigrants - state and local regulation
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Emporia State University
Governor of Kansas
Kansas Board of Regents
Kansas State University
University of Kansas
Plaintiff Description A group of students at Kansas state universities and their parents
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief None
Source of Relief None
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 2005
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Threats to the Future of the Immigration Class Action
Washington University Journal of Law and Policy
By: Jill E. Family (Widener University School of Law)
Citation: 27 Wash. U. J.L. & Pol'y 71 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
5:04-cv-04085-RDR-JPO (D. Kan.) 01/28/2009
IM-KS-0002-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint for Declaratory of Injunctive Relief 07/19/2004
IM-KS-0002-0001.pdf | Detail
Amended Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief 12/08/2004
IM-KS-0002-0002.pdf | Detail
Motion for Preliminary Injunction 02/21/2005
IM-KS-0002-0003.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum and Order 02/24/2005 (227 F.R.D. 668) (D. Kan.)
IM-KS-0002-0007.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum and Order 07/05/2005 (376 F.Supp.2d 1022) (D. Kan.)
IM-KS-0002-0004.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
USCA Opinion 08/30/2007 (500 F.3d 1127)
IM-KS-0002-0005.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Order 12/17/2007 (511 F.3d 1030)
IM-KS-0002-0006.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judges Ebel, David M. (Tenth Circuit)
IM-KS-0002-0005 | IM-KS-0002-0006
Lucero, Carlos F. (Tenth Circuit)
IM-KS-0002-0005 | IM-KS-0002-0006
McWilliams, Robert Hugh Jr. (Tenth Circuit)
IM-KS-0002-0005 | IM-KS-0002-0006
O'Hara, James P. (D. Kan.) [Magistrate]
IM-KS-0002-0007 | IM-KS-0002-9000
Rogers, Richard Dean (D. Kan.)
IM-KS-0002-0004 | IM-KS-0002-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Hethmon, Michael M. (District of Columbia)
IM-KS-0002-0001 | IM-KS-0002-0002 | IM-KS-0002-0003 | IM-KS-0002-0004 | IM-KS-0002-0005 | IM-KS-0002-0007 | IM-KS-0002-9000
Kobach, Kris W. (Missouri)
IM-KS-0002-0001 | IM-KS-0002-0002 | IM-KS-0002-0003 | IM-KS-0002-0004 | IM-KS-0002-0005 | IM-KS-0002-0007 | IM-KS-0002-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Balloun, J. Eugene (Missouri)
IM-KS-0002-0004 | IM-KS-0002-0005 | IM-KS-0002-0007 | IM-KS-0002-9000
Barker, Clayton L. (Kansas)
IM-KS-0002-0005 | IM-KS-0002-0007 | IM-KS-0002-9000
Broder, Tanya (California)
IM-KS-0002-0004 | IM-KS-0002-0005 | IM-KS-0002-0007 | IM-KS-0002-9000
Davies, David W. (Kansas)
IM-KS-0002-0005 | IM-KS-0002-0007 | IM-KS-0002-9000
Delaney, Michael F. (Kansas)
IM-KS-0002-0005 | IM-KS-0002-0007 | IM-KS-0002-9000
Gelernt, Lee (New York)
IM-KS-0002-0004 | IM-KS-0002-0005 | IM-KS-0002-9000
Guttentag, Lucas (New York)
IM-KS-0002-0004 | IM-KS-0002-0005 | IM-KS-0002-0007 | IM-KS-0002-9000
Heese, William H. (Kansas)
IM-KS-0002-0005 | IM-KS-0002-0007 | IM-KS-0002-9000
Joaquin, Linton (California)
IM-KS-0002-0004 | IM-KS-0002-0005 | IM-KS-0002-0007 | IM-KS-0002-9000
Leitch, Michael C. (Kansas)
IM-KS-0002-0005 | IM-KS-0002-0007 | IM-KS-0002-9000
Roos, Peter D. (California)
IM-KS-0002-0004 | IM-KS-0002-0007 | IM-KS-0002-9000
Other Lawyers Cunningham, David C. (Kansas)
IM-KS-0002-0005
Popeo, Daniel J. (District of Columbia)
IM-KS-0002-0005
Samp, Richard A. (District of Columbia)
IM-KS-0002-0005

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