University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name United States v. City of Pontiac EE-MI-0186
Docket / Court 94-CV-74997-DT ( E.D. Mich. )
State/Territory Michigan
Case Type(s) Equal Employment
Attorney Organization U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Case Summary
On December 13th, 1994, the United States Department of Justice ("DOJ") filed an employment discrimination lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan against the City of Pontiac under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) (42 U.S.C. §§ 12111 et seq.). ... read more >
On December 13th, 1994, the United States Department of Justice ("DOJ") filed an employment discrimination lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan against the City of Pontiac under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) (42 U.S.C. §§ 12111 et seq.). The DOJ contended that the city had violated the Act by disqualifying and refusing to hire an fire-fighter applicant who scored high on the city's tests but only had one fully functioning eye. The applicant, who had 17 years of firefighter experience with monocular vision, was disqualified after a medical exam found that he did not meet standards issued by the National Fire Protection Association.

The parties conducted discovery until May 19th, 1997 when a settlement conference was held. On August 14th, 19997, the District Court (Judge Denis Page Hood) entered a Consent Decree. The terms of the decree are unknown.

The only documents the Clearinghouse possesses for this case are the docket and the Plaintiff's brief in support of its motion for summary judgement. All information is gleaned from those sources.

Jennifer Hau - 11/27/2007
Kenneth Gray - 08/07/2013


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
Causes of Action Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 42 U.S.C. §§ 12111 et seq.
Defendant(s) City of Pontiac
Plaintiff Description The Department of Justice filing on behalf of an experienced applicant for a Pontiac City firefighter position who only had one fully functioning eye and was rejected despite scoring high on the City's tests various tests for applicants.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Unknown
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1997 - n/a
Case Closing Year 1997
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Megacases, Diversity, and the Elusive Goal of Workplace Reform
Written: Mar. 01, 2008
By: Nancy Levit (University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law)
Citation: 49 B.C. L. Rev. 367 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Second Generation Employment Discrimination: A Structural Approach
By: Susan Sturm (Columbia Law School)
Citation: 101 Colum. L. Rev. 458 (2001)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
2:94-cv-74997-DPH (E.D. Mich.) 08/14/1997
EE-MI-0186-9000.pdf | Detail
General Documents
Plaintiff United States' Brief in Support of its Motion for Summary Judgment 01/17/1996
EE-MI-0186-0001.pdf | External Link | Detail
Document Source: U.S. Department of Justice Civil Rights Division, Disability Rights Section
Judges Hood, Denise Page (E.D. Mich.)
EE-MI-0186-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Bowen, L. Irene (District of Columbia)
EE-MI-0186-0001 | EE-MI-0186-9000
Miller, Edward (District of Columbia)
EE-MI-0186-0001 | EE-MI-0186-9000
Nichol, Allison (District of Columbia)
EE-MI-0186-0001 | EE-MI-0186-9000
Novich, Bebe (District of Columbia)
EE-MI-0186-0001 | EE-MI-0186-9000
Patrick, Deval L. (District of Columbia)
EE-MI-0186-0001
Wodatch, John L. (District of Columbia)
EE-MI-0186-0001
Defendant's Lawyers Fleury, Thomas L. (Michigan)
EE-MI-0186-9000
Walker, Cynthia T. (Michigan)
EE-MI-0186-9000
Other Lawyers Genser, Erick J. (District of Columbia)
EE-MI-0186-9000
Saggau, Michael F. (Michigan)
EE-MI-0186-9000
Steele, Douglas L. (District of Columbia)
EE-MI-0186-9000
Woodley, Thomas A. (District of Columbia)
EE-MI-0186-9000

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