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Case Name NAACP v. City of Philadelphia PN-PA-0002
Docket / Court 96-6045 ( E.D. Pa. )
State/Territory Pennsylvania
Case Type(s) Policing
Case Summary
On September 4, 1996, attorneys for the NAACP, ACLU and the Police-Barrio Relations Project filed suit in U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the City of Philadelphia alleging systemic corruption and misconduct by the City's police ... read more >
On September 4, 1996, attorneys for the NAACP, ACLU and the Police-Barrio Relations Project filed suit in U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the City of Philadelphia alleging systemic corruption and misconduct by the City's police department. Simultaneously with the filing of the complaint, the parties filed a settlement and monitoring agreement and stipulation of the parties, which was approved by the District Court (Judge Stewart Dalzell).

The settlement agreement was the product of extended pre-suit settlement negotiations between the City and the NAACP, ACLU and the Police-Barrio Relations Project, who had threatened class-action litigation if wholesale police department reforms were not implemented. The agreed upon reforms included: the appointment of a task force to review policies and procedures; creation of a use of force reporting policy; improvements to the internal affairs division operations; and monitoring for racial bias in police actions.

The agreement called for the appointment of James B. Jordan, Esq. as the Integrity and Accountability Officer (IAO) to assist in implementing the reforms. Additional monitoring of compliance with the settlement agreement was performed by the plaintiffs' attorneys, who provided periodic progress reports to the District Court. The initial monitoring period of two years was extended several times by the District Court to allow for compliance by the police department.

In December 2001, plaintiffs moved for an injunction against the City to prevent destruction or redaction of internal affairs division records. The Fraternal Order of Police moved to intervene so as to address plaintiffs' request for an injunction. The District Court denied both motions as moot on April 9, 2002, for reasons that are not apparent from the docket.

Monitoring continued through 2005, when the District Court ordered the parties to report to the court on the status of the IAO and plans for future monitoring.

The District Court held a status conference on July 21, 2005 and ordered plaintiffs to advise the court whether they believed that the monitoring agreement should continue. No further docket entries were made (as of May 2016), so presumably the action was closed.

Kristen Sagar - 04/06/2009


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Excessive force
Failure to discipline
Failure to supervise
Failure to train
Inadequate citizen complaint investigations and procedures
Pepper/OC spray
Racial profiling
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Philadelphia Police Department
Plaintiff Description NAACP alleging that the City of Philadelphia's Police Department is systematically corrupt and that the Department has been ineffective at policing itself
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1996 - 2005
Case Closing Year 2005
Case Ongoing No
Case Listing PN-PA-0005 : NAACP v. City of Philadelphia (E.D. Pa.)
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Federal Enforcement of Police Reform
By: Stephen Rushin (University of Illinois College of Law, University of California, Berkeley - Jurisprudence and Social Policy Program )
Citation: 82 Fordham Law Review 3189 (2014)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Panopticism for Police: Structural Reform Bargaining and Police Regulation by Data-Driven Surveillance
By: Mary D. Fan (University of Washington)
Citation: Forthcoming, 87 Washington L. Rev. __ (2012).
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  What Happens When Police Are Forced to Reform?
Written: Nov. 13, 2015
By: Kimbriell Kelly, Sarah Childress and Steven Rich (Frontline/Post)
Citation: Washington Post (Nov. 13, 2015)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
96-6045 (E.D. Pa.) 07/22/2005
PN-PA-0002-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Settlement and Monitoring Agreement and Stipulation of the Parties 01/01/1996
PN-PA-0002-0001.pdf | Detail
Order 09/04/1996 (E.D. Pa.)
PN-PA-0002-0003.pdf | Detail
Plaintiffs' First Monitoring Report/Complaints Against Police 09/01/1997
PN-PA-0002-0004.pdf | Detail
Integrity and Accountability Office – Philadelphia Police Department – First Report 11/01/1997
PN-PA-0002-0005.pdf | Detail
Integrity and Accountability Office – Philadelphia Police Department – Second Report 09/01/1998
PN-PA-0002-0006.pdf | Detail
Integrity and Accountability Office – Philadelphia Police Department – Third Report 07/01/1999
PN-PA-0002-0007.pdf | Detail
Integrity and Accountability Office – Philadelphia Police Department Fourth Report - Enforcement of Narcotics Laws 07/01/2002
PN-PA-0002-0009.pdf | Detail
Integrity and Accountability Office – Philadelphia Police Department – Fifth Report - Disciplinary System 03/01/2003
PN-PA-0002-0008.pdf | Detail
Integrity and Accountability Office – Philadelphia Police Department - Sixth Report - Disciplinary System 12/01/2003
PN-PA-0002-0010.pdf | Detail
Integrity and Accountability Office – Philadelphia Police Department – Seventh Report 01/01/2004
PN-PA-0002-0011.pdf | Detail
Judges Dalzell, Stewart R. (E.D. Pa.)
PN-PA-0002-0003 | PN-PA-0002-0004 | PN-PA-0002-9000
Hart, Jacob P. (E.D. Pa.) [Magistrate]
PN-PA-0002-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Clark, Hugh C. (Pennsylvania)
PN-PA-0002-0004 | PN-PA-0002-9000
Gonzalez, Will (Pennsylvania)
PN-PA-0002-0001
Kreimer, Seth (Pennsylvania)
PN-PA-0002-0001 | PN-PA-0002-9000
Messing, Paul (Pennsylvania)
PN-PA-0002-0001
Presser, Stefan (Pennsylvania)
PN-PA-0002-0001 | PN-PA-0002-0004 | PN-PA-0002-9000
Rudovsky, David (Pennsylvania)
PN-PA-0002-0001 | PN-PA-0002-0004 | PN-PA-0002-9000
Trent, Earl W. Jr. (Pennsylvania)
PN-PA-0002-0001 | PN-PA-0002-9000
Yatvin, Alan L. (Pennsylvania)
PN-PA-0002-0004 | PN-PA-0002-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Johnson, Carlton L. (Pennsylvania)
PN-PA-0002-0001 | PN-PA-0002-9000
Jordan, James B. (Pennsylvania)
PN-PA-0002-0001 | PN-PA-0002-0005 | PN-PA-0002-0006 | PN-PA-0002-0007 | PN-PA-0002-0008 | PN-PA-0002-0009 | PN-PA-0002-0010 | PN-PA-0002-0011 | PN-PA-0002-9000
Simmons, Karen Yvette (Pennsylvania)
PN-PA-0002-9000
Other Lawyers Jennings, Thomas W. (Pennsylvania)
PN-PA-0002-9000
Liebman, Jennifer B. (Pennsylvania)
PN-PA-0002-9000
Marino, Jack E. (Pennsylvania)
PN-PA-0002-9000

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