University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name United States of America v. Sheriff of McLennan County and McLennan County EE-TX-0432
Docket / Court 6:98-cv-00316-WSSM ( W.D. Tex. )
State/Territory Texas
Case Type(s) Equal Employment
Special Collection IWPR/Wage Project Consent Decree Study
Attorney Organization U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Case Summary
On September 30, 1998, the U.S. Department of Justice filed a lawsuit against the McLennan County Sheriff's Department under 42 U.S.C. § 2000e, et seq. ("Title VII") in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Texas. The U.S. sought injunctive relief, alleging that the defendant had ... read more >
On September 30, 1998, the U.S. Department of Justice filed a lawsuit against the McLennan County Sheriff's Department under 42 U.S.C. § 2000e, et seq. ("Title VII") in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Texas. The U.S. sought injunctive relief, alleging that the defendant had violated Title VII, by discriminating against female employees.

The U.S. alleged that the Sheriff's Department did not allow female employees opportunity to obtain training and experience as Field Deputies by serving as substitute night Field Deputies. It was demonstrated that during the years 1991 to 1997, 14 male employees were promoted from within to the Field Deputy position, all of which had obtained training as substitute night Field Deputies.

On October 2, 1998, the District Court (Judge Walter S. Smith) entered a Consent Decree approved by both parties. The McLennan County Sheriff's Department agreed to institute practices safeguarding against future discrimination, including holding a training sessions for female employees interested in the night position, as well as recording and reporting the number of female employees who apply and complete training as Field Deputies as requested by the U.S. Department of Justice.

Subsequent to the Consent Decree, a female employee who had experienced discrimination prior to the court decision made a number of attempts to become an intervenor plaintiff in the trial. These motions were denied.

We have no further information on this case.

Jane Wu - 11/05/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
Defendant-type
Law-enforcement
Discrimination-area
Promotion
Training
Discrimination-basis
Sex discrimination
General
Disparate Treatment
Pattern or Practice
Causes of Action Title VII (including PDA), 42 U.S.C. § 2000e
Defendant(s) McLennan County
Plaintiff Description U.S. Department of Justice on behalf of female employees
Indexed Lawyer Organizations U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1998 - 2002
Case Closing Year 2002
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Megacases, Diversity, and the Elusive Goal of Workplace Reform
Written: Mar. 01, 2008
By: Nancy Levit (University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law)
Citation: 49 B.C. L. Rev. 367 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Second Generation Employment Discrimination: A Structural Approach
By: Susan Sturm (Columbia Law School)
Citation: 101 Colum. L. Rev. 458 (2001)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
6:98-cv-00316-WSSM (W.D. Tex.) 01/17/2002
EE-TX-0432-9000 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint 09/30/1998
EE-TX-0432-0001 PDF | Detail
Consent Decree 10/02/1998
EE-TX-0432-0002 PDF | Detail
Judges Smith, Walter Scott Jr. (W.D. Tex.) [Magistrate]
EE-TX-0432-0002 | EE-TX-0432-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Fenton, William B. (District of Columbia)
EE-TX-0432-0001 | EE-TX-0432-0002
Leggott, Charles E. (District of Columbia)
EE-TX-0432-0001 | EE-TX-0432-0002 | EE-TX-0432-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Bristow, Herbert S (Texas)
EE-TX-0432-0002 | EE-TX-0432-9000
Dixon, Michael W (Texas)
EE-TX-0432-9000
Other Lawyers Oler, Gayle E (Texas)
EE-TX-0432-9000

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