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Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name United States of America v. City of Garland, Texas EE-TX-0429
Docket / Court 3:98-cv-00307 ( N.D. Tex. )
State/Territory Texas
Case Type(s) Equal Employment
Attorney Organization U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Case Summary
On February 6, 1998, the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Texas, against the City of Garland under 42 U.S.C. § 2000e, et seq. DOJ sought injunctive relief, alleging that the defendant had maintained a pattern or practice of ... read more >
On February 6, 1998, the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Texas, against the City of Garland under 42 U.S.C. § 2000e, et seq. DOJ sought injunctive relief, alleging that the defendant had maintained a pattern or practice of discriminating against Blacks and Hispanics in the hiring of entry-level police and firefighter positions for the city. It was also alleged that these minorities experienced terms, conditions or privileges of employment less favorable than those provided to white employees.

The employment practices at issue in this case all relate to the use of three different cognitive skill tests used by the City to hire entry-level police officers and firefighters: the ALERT entry-level police officer examination; the International Personnel Management Association ("IPMA") B-4 entry-level firefighter examination; and the ALARM entry-level firefighter examination.

In a Memorandum Opinion and Order issued by the district court (Judge Sam A. Lindsay) on March 31, 2004, the Court ruled in favor of the City of Garland after a two-week bench trial conducted from August 13, 2001 to August 24, 2001. Based on testimony and evidence presented, it was determined that the ALERT and ALARM examinations were job-related and consistent with business necessity.

We have no further information on this case.

Jane Wu - 12/02/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Defendant-type
Fire
Law-enforcement
Discrimination-area
Hiring
Testing
Discrimination-basis
Sex discrimination
National Origin/Ethnicity
Spanish
Plaintiff Type
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Race
Black
Causes of Action Title VII (including PDA), 42 U.S.C. § 2000e
Defendant(s) City of Garland
Plaintiff Description U.S. Department of Justice on behalf of African-American and Hispanic claimants
Indexed Lawyer Organizations U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief None
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 2004
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Megacases, Diversity, and the Elusive Goal of Workplace Reform
Written: Mar. 01, 2008
By: Nancy Levit (University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law)
Citation: 49 B.C. L. Rev. 367 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Second Generation Employment Discrimination: A Structural Approach
By: Susan Sturm (Columbia Law School)
Citation: 101 Colum. L. Rev. 458 (2001)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
3:98-cv-00307 (N.D. Tex.) 11/10/2004
EE-TX-0429-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint 02/06/1998
EE-TX-0429-0001.pdf | Detail
Memorandum Opinion and Order 03/31/2004 (N.D. Tex.)
EE-TX-0429-0002.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Kaplan, Jeff (N.D. Tex.) [Magistrate]
EE-TX-0429-9000
Lindsay, Sam A. (N.D. Tex.)
EE-TX-0429-0002 | EE-TX-0429-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Blustein, Benjamin Jay (District of Columbia)
EE-TX-0429-9000
Burrell, Meredith (District of Columbia)
EE-TX-0429-9000
Burrows, Charlotte (District of Columbia)
EE-TX-0429-9000
Coggins, Paul Edward (Texas)
EE-TX-0429-0001
Gadzichowski, John M. (District of Columbia)
EE-TX-0429-9000
Kirkpatrick, Michael T (District of Columbia)
EE-TX-0429-0001 | EE-TX-0429-9000
Lee, Bill Lann (California)
EE-TX-0429-0001 | EE-TX-0429-9000
McGovern, Katherine Savers (Texas)
EE-TX-0429-0001 | EE-TX-0429-9000
Seeley, Sharon (District of Columbia)
EE-TX-0429-9000
Tarsy, Andrew H (District of Columbia)
EE-TX-0429-0001 | EE-TX-0429-9000
Tejani, Sharyn A. (District of Columbia)
EE-TX-0429-9000
Ugelow, Richard S (District of Columbia)
EE-TX-0429-0001 | EE-TX-0429-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Alvarez, M. Michelle (California)
EE-TX-0429-9000
Bridge, Catherine S (California)
EE-TX-0429-9000
Connelly, Blair G (California)
EE-TX-0429-9000
Eschen, Lisa Von (California)
EE-TX-0429-9000
Feder, Tamar (California)
EE-TX-0429-9000
Flick, Wayne S. (California)
EE-TX-0429-9000
Glazer, William F (Texas)
EE-TX-0429-9000
Hinton, Charles M Jr (Texas)
EE-TX-0429-9000
Jones, Ronald E II (Texas)
EE-TX-0429-9000
Jordan, James R (Texas)
EE-TX-0429-9000
Luti, Anthony N (California)
EE-TX-0429-9000
Malionek, Robert J. (California)
EE-TX-0429-9000
Olson, Steven J (California)
EE-TX-0429-9000
Schulze, Robert J (California)
EE-TX-0429-9000
Sosnow, Kelly J (California)
EE-TX-0429-9000
Other Lawyers Craddock, Michael J (Texas)
EE-TX-0429-9000
Crain, Gayla C. (Texas)
EE-TX-0429-9000 | EE-TX-0429-9000
McKenna, Edmund J (Florida)
EE-TX-0429-9000
Monrose, Jennifer M (Florida)
EE-TX-0429-9000
Velarde, Ray (Texas)
EE-TX-0429-9000

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