University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name United States v. City of Newark EE-NJ-0107
Docket / Court 00-2368 ( D.N.J. )
State/Territory New Jersey
Case Type(s) Equal Employment
Attorney Organization U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Case Summary
On May 16th, 2000, the United States Department of Justice ("D.O.J.") filed a lawsuit under Title VII, 42 U.S.C. § 2000e et seq., against the City of Newark, New Jersey in the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey. The DOJ sought injunctive relief, alleging that the ... read more >
On May 16th, 2000, the United States Department of Justice ("D.O.J.") filed a lawsuit under Title VII, 42 U.S.C. § 2000e et seq., against the City of Newark, New Jersey in the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey. The DOJ sought injunctive relief, alleging that the defendant violated Title VII by discriminating against the two police officers and other similarly situated officers on the basis of religion.

More specifically, the DOJ claims that the defendant discriminated against the two officers and similarly-situated officers by failing or refusing to reasonably accommodate their religious observance, practice and belief as Muslims of wearing a beard, threatening them with termination, transferring the officers to undesirable assignments, and denying them opportunities to work special overtime events.

On February 26th, 2002, the court (Judge John C. Lifland) entered a Consent Decree between the United States and the defendant. The decree ordered general relief, including the prohibition of discriminating on the basis of religion and retaliating because of participation in or cooperation with the case. Specific relief include monetary awards for the charging parties, the expunging of the claimants' disciplinary records, and the retention of records for the purpose of monitoring the implementation of the decree. The Court retained jurisdiction for two years after the entry of the decree. The case was closed on February 27th, 2000.

Jennifer Hau - 10/29/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Defendant-type
Law-enforcement
Discrimination-area
Accommodation / Leave
Harassment / Hostile Work Environment
Other Conditions of Employment (including assignment, transfer, hours, working conditions, etc)
Discrimination-basis
Religion discrimination
General
Disparate Treatment
Plaintiff Type
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Causes of Action Title VII (including PDA), 42 U.S.C. § 2000e
Defendant(s) City of Newark
Plaintiff Description United States, on behalf of Muslim employees
Indexed Lawyer Organizations U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Mixed
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Damages
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 2002 - 2004
Case Closing Year 2002
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Megacases, Diversity, and the Elusive Goal of Workplace Reform
Written: Mar. 01, 2008
By: Nancy Levit (University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law)
Citation: 49 B.C. L. Rev. 367 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Second Generation Employment Discrimination: A Structural Approach
By: Susan Sturm (Columbia Law School)
Citation: 101 Colum. L. Rev. 458 (2001)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
2:00-cv-02368-JCL (D.N.J.) 02/27/2002
EE-NJ-0107-9000.pdf | Detail
General Documents
Complaint 05/16/2000
EE-NJ-0107-0001.pdf | External Link | Detail
Consent Decree 02/26/2002
EE-NJ-0107-0002.pdf | External Link | Detail
Judges Lifland, John C. (D.N.J.)
EE-NJ-0107-0002 | EE-NJ-0107-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Brent, Derrick L. (District of Columbia)
EE-NJ-0107-0002
Cassell, Susan C. (New Jersey)
EE-NJ-0107-0001 | EE-NJ-0107-9000
Eure, Philip K (District of Columbia)
EE-NJ-0107-0001
Fenton, William B. (District of Columbia)
EE-NJ-0107-0001 | EE-NJ-0107-0002
Gomez, Abel (District of Columbia)
EE-NJ-0107-0002
Hochberg, Faith S. (New Jersey)
EE-NJ-0107-0001
Lee, Bill Lann (District of Columbia)
EE-NJ-0107-0001
Defendant's Lawyers Marshall, Lenora E. (New Jersey)
EE-NJ-0107-9000
Watson, Joanne Y (New Jersey)
EE-NJ-0107-0002
Other Lawyers None on record

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