University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name United States v. City of Alma and Bacon County Georgia EE-GA-0099
Docket / Court 99-CV-68 ( S.D. Ga. )
State/Territory Georgia
Case Type(s) Equal Employment
Special Collection IWPR/Wage Project Consent Decree Study
Attorney Organization U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Case Summary
On June 5th, 1999, the United States Department of Justice ("D.O.J.") filed a lawsuit under Title VII, 42 U.S.C. § 2000e et seq., against the City of Alma and Bacon County, Georgia in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Georgia. The DOJ sought injunctive relief, alleging ... read more >
On June 5th, 1999, the United States Department of Justice ("D.O.J.") filed a lawsuit under Title VII, 42 U.S.C. § 2000e et seq., against the City of Alma and Bacon County, Georgia in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Georgia. The DOJ sought injunctive relief, alleging that the defendant violated Title VII by discriminating against female employees because of sex.

The defendants Alma and Bacon jointly operate an entity known as the Alma-Bacon County Fire and Emergency Medical Service, which provides firefighting and emergency medial services throughout the city of Alma and Bacon County. The DOJ alleged that the discrimination against female employees and female applicants took the form of failing or refusing to hire or consider females for hire into full-time Firefighter/Emergency Medical Technician and/or Firefighter/Paramedic positions and failing or refusing to take appropriate action to correct the effects of the discrimination.

Their motion for intervention having been granted by the Court, plaintiff-intervenors allege similar claims of discrimination in their complaint dated July 15, 1999.

Though the Defendants denied the allegations, the parties resolved all issues raised in the complaints amicably.

On November 18, 1999, the Court (Judge William T. Moore, Jr.) entered a Consent Decree resolving all issues raised in the complaints of the plaintiff and plaintiff-intervenors. The Decree ordered both general and specific injunctive relief, including the recruitment of qualified female applicants and extensive record-keeping requirements. The Court maintained jurisdiction for five years pursuant to the entry of the decree.

Jennifer Hau - 10/15/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
Defendant-type
Fire
Discrimination-area
Hiring
Discrimination-basis
Sex discrimination
General
Disparate Treatment
Plaintiff Type
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Causes of Action Title VII (including PDA), 42 U.S.C. § 2000e
Defendant(s) Bacon County
City of Alma
Plaintiff Description Female applicants for full-time Firefighter/Emergency Medical Technician and/or Firefighter/Paramedic positions
Indexed Lawyer Organizations U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Mixed
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Damages
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1999 - 2004
Case Closing Year 1999
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Megacases, Diversity, and the Elusive Goal of Workplace Reform
Written: Mar. 01, 2008
By: Nancy Levit (University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law)
Citation: 49 B.C. L. Rev. 367 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Second Generation Employment Discrimination: A Structural Approach
By: Susan Sturm (Columbia Law School)
Citation: 101 Colum. L. Rev. 458 (2001)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
5:99-cv-00068-WTM (S.D. Ga.) 01/11/2007
EE-GA-0099-9000 PDF | Detail
General Documents
Complaint 06/15/1999
EE-GA-0099-0001 PDF | External Link | Detail
Document Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Employment Litigation Section
Answer of Defendant City of Alma 07/16/1999
EE-GA-0099-0004 PDF | Detail
Intervenor Complaint 08/10/1999
EE-GA-0099-0005 PDF | Detail
Consent Decree 11/18/1999
EE-GA-0099-0002 PDF | External Link | Detail
Judges Graham, James E. (S.D. Ga.) [Magistrate]
EE-GA-0099-9000
Moore, William Theodore Jr. (S.D. Ga.)
EE-GA-0099-0002 | EE-GA-0099-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Boggs, Michael P. (Georgia)
EE-GA-0099-0002 | EE-GA-0099-0005 | EE-GA-0099-9000
Burrows, Charlotte (District of Columbia)
EE-GA-0099-0001 | EE-GA-0099-0002 | EE-GA-0099-0005 | EE-GA-0099-9000
Fenton, William B. (District of Columbia)
EE-GA-0099-0001 | EE-GA-0099-0002
Joyner, C. David (Georgia)
EE-GA-0099-0005 | EE-GA-0099-9000
Landers, Daniell Stokes (South Carolina)
EE-GA-0099-0005 | EE-GA-0099-9000
Lee, Bill Lann (District of Columbia)
EE-GA-0099-0001
Schuham, Aaron D. (District of Columbia)
EE-GA-0099-0001 | EE-GA-0099-0002 | EE-GA-0099-0004 | EE-GA-0099-0005 | EE-GA-0099-9000
Sitton, Janie Allison (District of Columbia)
EE-GA-0099-0002
Defendant's Lawyers Atwood, Scott E. (Georgia)
EE-GA-0099-0005 | EE-GA-0099-9000
Buechner, William H. (Georgia)
EE-GA-0099-9000
Hoyt, George L. Jr. (Georgia)
EE-GA-0099-9000
Lambeth, Walter O. Jr. (Georgia)
EE-GA-0099-9000
Mathis, Benton J. (Georgia)
EE-GA-0099-0004 | EE-GA-0099-0005 | EE-GA-0099-9000
Morgan, Sharon Parker (Georgia)
EE-GA-0099-0004 | EE-GA-0099-0005 | EE-GA-0099-9000
Parker, Christopher E. (Georgia)
EE-GA-0099-0005 | EE-GA-0099-9000
Sapp, J. Lewis (Georgia)
EE-GA-0099-0004 | EE-GA-0099-0005 | EE-GA-0099-9000 | EE-GA-0099-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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