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Case Name Polovchak v. Meese IM-IL-0014
Docket / Court 80-5595 ( N.D. Ill. )
State/Territory Illinois
Case Type(s) Immigration
Case Summary
In 1980, Russian parents of a minor child who was granted asylum by the U.S. filed suit in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois, claiming that grant of asylum to their child was in violation of their due process rights. The parents sought an order vacating the ... read more >
In 1980, Russian parents of a minor child who was granted asylum by the U.S. filed suit in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois, claiming that grant of asylum to their child was in violation of their due process rights. The parents sought an order vacating the grant of asylum.

The plaintiff parents came to the U.S. from Russia in 1980 with their three children. They decided to return, but two of the children decided to stay with relatives. The parents resisted the younger child Walter's decision to stay and litigation ensued.

Walter became a ward of the state and was removed from his parents' custody by the state trial court. In December 1981, the Illinois Appellate Court reversed the decision of the trial court. In re Polovchak ( Illinois v. Polovchak), 104 Ill.App.3d 203, 59 Ill.Dec. 929, 432 N.E.2d 873 (1981). The Illinois Supreme Court affirmed. In re Polovchak, 97 Ill.2d 212, 73 Ill.Dec. 398, 454 N.E.2d 258 (1983), cert. denied, --- U.S. ----, 104 S.Ct. 1413, 79 L.Ed.2d 740 (1984).

In the interim, the parents returned to Russia.

In the federal case, on July 17, 1985, the District Court (Judge Thomas R. McMillen) entered summary judgment in favor of the parents, finding that the parents were deprived of their due process rights when the INS granted asylum to their minor child without giving them notice and a hearing. The District Court also entered an injunction prohibiting the enforcement of an INS "departure control order" prohibiting the son's return to the Soviet Union. Polovchak v. Landon, 614 F.Supp. 900 (N.D.Ill. 1985). The government appealed. The Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit (Circuit Judge Cudahy) agreed that the parents were deprived of due process, but vacated the District Court's injunction since it did not take into account the rights of the minor child. Polovchak v. Meese, 774 F.2d 731 (7th Cir. 1985). The minor turned 18 years old shortly after the appellate opinion was issued.

We have no further information on this case.

Dan Dalton - 12/22/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Immigration
Asylum - criteria
Asylum - procedure
Family
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action Bivens
Defendant(s) Immigration and Naturalization Service
United States Attorney General
Plaintiff Description Russian parents of minor child who was granted asylum by the U.S.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 1985
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Threats to the Future of the Immigration Class Action
Washington University Journal of Law and Policy
By: Jill E. Family (Widener University School of Law)
Citation: 27 Wash. U. J.L. & Pol'y 71 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Opinion 03/23/1982 (432 N.E.2d 873)
IM-IL-0014-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion 09/30/1983 (454 N.E.2d 258)
IM-IL-0014-0004.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Order Denying Petition for Writ of Certiorari 02/27/1984 (465 U.S. 1065)
IM-IL-0014-0006.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
USCA Order 04/05/1984 (734 F.2d 18)
IM-IL-0014-0005.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Decision 08/02/1984 (1984 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 24601) (N.D. Ill.)
IM-IL-0014-0007.pdf | LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Decision 12/27/1984 (1984 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 20922) (N.D. Ill.)
IM-IL-0014-0008.pdf | LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Decision 07/17/1985 (614 F.Supp. 900) (N.D. Ill.)
IM-IL-0014-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
USCA Opinion 10/09/1985 (774 F.2d 731)
IM-IL-0014-0002.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judges Cudahy, Richard Dickson (Seventh Circuit)
IM-IL-0014-0002
McGillicuddy, Helen F. (State Appellate Court)
IM-IL-0014-0003
McMillen, Thomas Roberts (N.D. Ill.)
IM-IL-0014-0001 | IM-IL-0014-0007 | IM-IL-0014-0008
Posner, Richard Allen (Seventh Circuit)
IM-IL-0014-0002
Swygert, Luther Merritt (Seventh Circuit, N.D. Ind.)
IM-IL-0014-0002
Underwood, Mell Gilbert (S.D. Ohio)
IM-IL-0014-0004
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Geraghty, Diane (Illinois)
IM-IL-0014-0004
Grossman, Harvey (Illinois)
IM-IL-0014-0001 | IM-IL-0014-0002 | IM-IL-0014-0003 | IM-IL-0014-0004
Lubet, Steven (Illinois)
IM-IL-0014-0003 | IM-IL-0014-0004
Defendant's Lawyers Bombaugh, Robert L. (District of Columbia)
IM-IL-0014-0001
Branding, Frederick H. (Illinois)
IM-IL-0014-0004
Cherry, Joan S. (Illinois)
IM-IL-0014-0004
Daley, Richard M. (Illinois)
IM-IL-0014-0003 | IM-IL-0014-0004
Fahner, Tyrone C. (Illinois)
IM-IL-0014-0004
Filppu, Lauri Steven (District of Columbia)
IM-IL-0014-0001
Golding, Marshall Tamal (District of Columbia)
IM-IL-0014-0001
Kuhl, Carolyn (District of Columbia)
IM-IL-0014-0002
Needles, Nancy K. (Illinois)
IM-IL-0014-0001 | IM-IL-0014-0004
Shabat, Michael E. (Illinois)
IM-IL-0014-0004
Sweeney, Kevin (Illinois)
IM-IL-0014-0004
Webb, Dan K. (Illinois)
IM-IL-0014-0004
Other Lawyers Holzer, Henry Mark (New York)
IM-IL-0014-0003 | IM-IL-0014-0004
Kulas, Julian E. (Illinois)
IM-IL-0014-0002 | IM-IL-0014-0003 | IM-IL-0014-0004

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