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Case Name Baker v. Hamilton JC-KY-0002
Docket / Court 7148 ( W.D. Ky. )
State/Territory Kentucky
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Case Summary
Edward and Darlene Baker filed a class-action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Kentucky on behalf of their seventeen-year-old son Glenn, who was placed in the Jefferson County Jail by the Juvenile Court, and on behalf of other youths ... read more >
Edward and Darlene Baker filed a class-action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Kentucky on behalf of their seventeen-year-old son Glenn, who was placed in the Jefferson County Jail by the Juvenile Court, and on behalf of other youths incarcerated there. They alleged that placement of juveniles in the county jail constituted a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment because it treated the juveniles as adults for punitive purposes without allowing them the due process rights given to adults, and that placement of juveniles in county jail constituted cruel and unusual punishment in violation of the Eighth Amendment due to poor conditions at the jail. They sought declaratory and injunctive relief, as well as damages.

On April 25, 1972, the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Kentucky (Judge Charles Allen) granted the injunction, but denied monetary damages. The Court held that placement of juveniles in the county jail did constitute a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment because it treated the juveniles as adults for punitive purposes without allowing them the due process rights given adults, and that placement of juveniles in county jail constituted cruel and unusual punishment in violation of the Eighth Amendment due to poor conditions at the jail. Baker v. Hamilton, 345 F.Supp. 345 (W.D.Ky. 1972).

Kristen Sagar - 02/22/2006
Andrew Junker - 11/04/2014


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Cruel and Unusual Punishment
Content of Injunction
Monitor/Master
Crowding
Crowding / caseload
Defendant-type
Corrections
Jurisdiction-wide
Law-enforcement
General
Classification / placement
Juveniles
Recreation / Exercise
Sanitation / living conditions
Youth / Adult separation
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Jefferson County
Plaintiff Description juveniles incarcerated at the Jefferson County Jail
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration 1972 - n/a
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Unknown
Additional Resources
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Case Studies After Decision: Implementation of Judicial Decrees in Correctional Settings
Written: Oct. 01, 1977
By: M. Kay Harris & Dudley P. Spiller (Temple University)
Citation: (1977)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law 04/25/1972 (345 F.Supp. 345) (W.D. Ky.)
JC-KY-0002-0001 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Judges Allen, Charles Mengel (W.D. Ky.)
JC-KY-0002-0001
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Cannon, Joe A. (Missouri)
JC-KY-0002-0001
Charney, Mitchell (Kentucky)
JC-KY-0002-0001
Cooke, Graham B. (Kentucky)
JC-KY-0002-0001
Faust, Ralph (Missouri)
JC-KY-0002-0001
McCarthy, Thomas P. (Kentucky)
JC-KY-0002-0001
Defendant's Lawyers Miller, J. Bruce (Kentucky)
JC-KY-0002-0001
Mobley, Joseph V. (Kentucky)
JC-KY-0002-0001
Other Lawyers None on record

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