University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name National Center for Immigrants' Rights, Inc. v. Immigration and Naturalization Service IM-CA-0042
Docket / Court 2:83-cv-07927-KN-JR ( C.D. Cal. )
State/Territory California
Case Type(s) Immigration
Case Summary
On December 6, 1983, a coalition of plaintiffs, including the National Center for Immigrants Rights, Inc., other immigration rights groups and individual alien detainees, brought suit in the United States District Court for the Central District of California, seeking to block the INS' ... read more >
On December 6, 1983, a coalition of plaintiffs, including the National Center for Immigrants Rights, Inc., other immigration rights groups and individual alien detainees, brought suit in the United States District Court for the Central District of California, seeking to block the INS' implementation of a new regulation, 8 C.F.R. § 103.6(a)(2), which prohibited aliens from engaging in employment pending the outcome of their deportation hearings. Plaintiffs contended that the regulation violated the Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses of the Fifth Amendment and other federal laws.

The District Court (Judge David V. Kenyon) entered a preliminary injunction, enjoining enforcement of the INS regulation. The INS appealed. The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed in part; reversed and remanded in part. National Center for Immigrants Rights, Inc. v. I.N.S., 743 F.2d 1365 (9th Cir. 1984)

On remand, Judge Kenyon declared regulation invalid and the government again appealed. National Center For Immigrants' Rights, Inc. v. I.N.S., 644 F.Supp. 5 (C.D.Cal. 1985). The Ninth Circuit affirmed. National Center for Immigrants' Rights, Inc. v. I.N.S., 791 F.2d 1351 (9th Cir. 1986). The Supreme Court granted certiorari, vacated the judgment and remanded the case in light of the passage of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986. Immigration and Naturalization Service v. National Center For Immigrants' Rights, 481 U.S. 1009, 107 S.Ct. 1881, 95 L.Ed.2d 489 (1987).

On remand, the District Court (Judge Kenyon) reaffirmed its prior judgment, and the government again appealed. Plaintiffs moved to dismiss the appeal because of a defective notice of appeal. That motion was denied. National Center for Immigrants' Rights, Inc. v. I.N.S., 892 F.2d 814 (9th Cir. 1989). In ruling on the merits of the case, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals (Circuit Judge Ferguson) affirmed, holding that the blanket no-work condition of the regulation was not within the discretion of the INS and that it was contrary to the congressional intent behind the Immigration Reform and Control Act. National Center for Immigrants' Rights, Inc. v. I.N.S., 913 F.2d 1350 (9th Cir. 1990). The Supreme Court granted certiorari. I.N.S. v. National Center for Immigrants' Rights, Inc., 499 U.S. 946, 111 S.Ct. 1412, 113 L.Ed.2d 465(1991).

A unanimous Supreme Court (Justice Stevens) reversed the judgment of the District Court and remanded the case, holding that the regulation on its face was consistent with the Attorney General's statutory authority. I.N.S. v. National Center for Immigrants' Rights, Inc., 502 U.S. 183, 112 S.Ct. 551, 116 L.Ed.2d 546 (1991).

On final remand, Judge Kenyon decertified the case, dismissed the remaining claims of plaintiffs and terminated the case.

Dan Dalton - 12/03/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Immigration
Constitutional rights
Deportation - criteria
Deportation - procedure
Employment
Work authorization - criteria
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), 8 U.S.C. §§ 1101 et seq.
Bivens
Defendant(s) Immigration and Naturalization Service
Plaintiff Description Aliens who were denied engaging in employment pending outcome of their deportation hearings.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief None
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 1996
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Threats to the Future of the Immigration Class Action
Washington University Journal of Law and Policy
By: Jill E. Family (Widener University School of Law)
Citation: 27 Wash. U. J.L. & Pol'y 71 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Links The Oyez Project, Immigration And Naturalization Service v. National Center For Immigrants' Rights, Inc., 502 U.S. 183 (1991).
www.oyez.org
Posted: Dec. 16, 1991
By: Oyez Project (IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
2:83-cv-07927-KN-JR (C.D. Cal.) 02/09/1996
IM-CA-0042-9000 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
USCA Opinion 09/28/1984 (743 F.2d 1365)
IM-CA-0042-0001 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Order 03/05/1985 (664 F.Supp. 5) (C.D. Cal.)
IM-CA-0042-0005 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
USCA Opinion 06/13/1986 (791 F.2d 1351)
IM-CA-0042-0002 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Order Granting Petition for Writ of Certiorari 04/20/1987 (481 U.S. 1009)
IM-CA-0042-0006 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Order Remanding Case 05/19/1987 (818 F.2d 869)
IM-CA-0042-0007 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Per Curiam 12/21/1989 (892 F.2d 814)
IM-CA-0042-0004 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
USCA Opinion 09/07/1990 (913 F.2d 1350)
IM-CA-0042-0003 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Order Granting Petition for Writ of Certiorari 04/01/1991 (499 U.S. 946)
IM-CA-0042-0008 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Supreme Court Opinion 12/16/1991 (502 U.S. 183)
IM-CA-0042-0009 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Judges Ferguson, Warren John (C.D. Cal., Ninth Circuit)
IM-CA-0042-0001 | IM-CA-0042-0003 | IM-CA-0042-0004
Hug, Procter Ralph Jr. (Ninth Circuit)
IM-CA-0042-0002
Kenyon, David Vreeland (C.D. Cal.)
IM-CA-0042-0005 | IM-CA-0042-9000
Norris, William Albert (Ninth Circuit)
IM-CA-0042-0002
Reichmann, Joseph Court not on record
IM-CA-0042-9000
Reinhardt, Stephen Roy (Ninth Circuit)
IM-CA-0042-0001 | IM-CA-0042-0003 | IM-CA-0042-0004
Solomon, Gus Jerome (D. Or.)
IM-CA-0042-0002
Stevens, John Paul (SCOTUS, Seventh Circuit)
IM-CA-0042-0009
Trott, Stephen S. (Ninth Circuit)
IM-CA-0042-0003 | IM-CA-0042-0004
Wright, Eugene Allen (Ninth Circuit)
IM-CA-0042-0001
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Gzesk, Susan (Massachusetts)
IM-CA-0042-0001 | IM-CA-0042-0004
Holguín, Carlos R. (California)
IM-CA-0042-0005
Moore, Erin (California)
IM-CA-0042-0001
O'Sullivan, Maureen (Massachusetts)
IM-CA-0042-0001
Perille, Patricia (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0042-0001 | IM-CA-0042-0004
Popkin, Margaret L. (California)
IM-CA-0042-0001 | IM-CA-0042-0002
Rodriguez, Antonio (California)
IM-CA-0042-0001 | IM-CA-0042-0004
Schey, Peter A. (California)
IM-CA-0042-0001 | IM-CA-0042-0002 | IM-CA-0042-0003 | IM-CA-0042-0004 | IM-CA-0042-0005 | IM-CA-0042-0009
Vega, Xavier (California)
IM-CA-0042-0001
Yriarte, Monica (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0042-0004
Defendant's Lawyers Bolton, John R. (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0042-0004
Bonner, Robert C. (California)
IM-CA-0042-0004
Daly, John F. (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0042-0003 | IM-CA-0042-0004
Herwig, Barbara L. (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0042-0004
Lipstein, Freddi (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0042-0002
Marzen, Stephen J. (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0042-0009
Rogers, John M. (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0042-0001
Walters, Mark C. (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0042-0005
Wu, George H. (California)
IM-CA-0042-0005
Other Lawyers Schneebaum, Steven (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0042-0003

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