University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Collyard v. Washington Capitals; Williams v. Boston Bruins IM-MN-0004
Docket / Court 5-78-56, 5-79-30 ( D. Minn. )
State/Territory Minnesota
Case Type(s) Immigration
Case Summary
In 1978 and 1979, two American hockey players brought separate lawsuits against the National Hockey League, its teams and federal government officials in U.S. District Court for the District of Minnesota, alleging violations of Immigration and Nationality Act, 8 U.S.C. § 1101, et seq. and the ... read more >
In 1978 and 1979, two American hockey players brought separate lawsuits against the National Hockey League, its teams and federal government officials in U.S. District Court for the District of Minnesota, alleging violations of Immigration and Nationality Act, 8 U.S.C. § 1101, et seq. and the Minnesota Human Rights Act for the NHL's hiring of Canadian-born hockey players in lieu of qualified American players. Plaintiffs maintained that the practice amounted to discrimination based on national origin and a violation of federal immigration law.

Defendants moved to dismiss the case for failure to state a claim and lack of jurisdiction. Plaintiffs moved for leave to amend their complaints.

On October 11, 1979, the District Court (Judge Miles W. Lord) issued its memorandum and order denying leave to amend the complaints and dismissing both cases. Judge Lord held that the Immigration and Nationality Act did not create a private cause of action against the government under the circumstances. He also found that there was no jurisdiction over the various hockey team defendants. Collyard v. Washington Capitals, 477 F.Supp. 1247 (D.Minn. 1979).

Dan Dalton - 11/04/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Immigration
Employment
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action State law
Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), 8 U.S.C. §§ 1101 et seq.
Defendant(s) National Hockey League
U.S. Attorney General
U.S. Department of Labor
Plaintiff Description Two American born hockey players
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief None
Source of Relief None
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 1979
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Threats to the Future of the Immigration Class Action
Washington University Journal of Law and Policy
By: Jill E. Family (Widener University School of Law)
Citation: 27 Wash. U. J.L. & Pol'y 71 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Memorandum Opinion and Order 10/11/1979 (477 F.Supp. 1247) (D. Minn.)
IM-MN-0004-0001 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judges Lord, Miles Welton (D. Minn.)
IM-MN-0004-0001
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Balmer, James W. (Minnesota)
IM-MN-0004-0001
Defendant's Lawyers Anderson, Thorwald H. (Minnesota)
IM-MN-0004-0001
Brand , Irving R. (Minnesota)
IM-MN-0004-0001
Egan, Mary L. (Minnesota)
IM-MN-0004-0001
Pentelovitch, William Z. (Minnesota)
IM-MN-0004-0001
Rasch, Robert W. (Missouri)
IM-MN-0004-0001
Other Lawyers None on record

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