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Case Name Yang v. Reno IM-PA-0005
Docket / Court 1:93-cv-01702-SHR ( M.D. Pa. )
State/Territory Pennsylvania
Case Type(s) Immigration
Case Summary
The "Golden Venture cases" involve the plight of several hundred Chinese undocumented aliens that were smuggled into the U.S. aboard a broken down cargo ship, the Golden Venture. The aliens each paid "snakeheads" (smugglers) up to $40,000 to gain passage on the Golden Venture, which sailed for 3 ... read more >
The "Golden Venture cases" involve the plight of several hundred Chinese undocumented aliens that were smuggled into the U.S. aboard a broken down cargo ship, the Golden Venture. The aliens each paid "snakeheads" (smugglers) up to $40,000 to gain passage on the Golden Venture, which sailed for 3 months before it ran aground in New York Harbor in June 1993. When the ship crashed, the aliens jumped overboard and tried to swim ashore. Several aliens drowned and several hundred were arrested and detained by the INS. About 145 of those arrested were transferred to York County Prison in Pennsylvania for detention.

Many of the detainees sought political asylum, claiming that they were fleeing tyrannical forces, including forced sterilizations and other coercive measures implemented as part of China's one-child population control policy. After their applications for asylum were denied, the aliens appealed to the Board of Immigration Appeals ("BIA") which dismissed their appeals. In 1993, numerous detainees filed petitions for habeas corpus in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania.

On November 15, 1993, the District Court (Judge Sylvia H. Rambo) consolidated all of the individual actions into one case, captioned Yang You Yi v. Maugans, No. 93-1702. Two days later, one of the petitioners moved for class certification and interim class relief. On November 24, 1993, the District Court conditionally certified a class of aliens that had exhausted their administrative remedies and issued a TRO to prevent their deportation. The Court appointed a petitioners' steering committee consisting of 6 attorneys who were charged with assisting the Court in coordinating the litigation. Within the committee, subcommittees were created for (1) individual petitioner issues, (2) substantive immigration law matters and (3) class action issues.

After considering the matter further, the Court de-certified the class and vacated its TRO. Yang v. Reno, 852 F.Supp. 316 (M.D.Pa. 1994). Plaintiffs appealed and the Third Circuit affirmed. Yi v. Maugans, 24 F.3d 500 (3rd Cir. 1994).

The petitioners asserted that the Clinton Administration was unduly exerting political pressure to deny their claims for asylum and withholding of deportation. They contended that the Administration was using them as an example to discourage other Chinese citizens from attempting to immigrate to the U.S. They sought discovery to prove their allegations of political interference. The government resisted and moved for a protective order limiting discovery. The trial court denied the motion and permitted discovery on the issue. Yang v. Reno, 157 F.R.D. 625 (M.D.Pa. 1994).

After discovery was completed, several petitioners moved partial summary judgment on the issue of whether they had effected an "entry" into the United States. The issue was critical because while undocumented immigrants had the right to request release on bond in connection with deportation, those caught outside the country trying to enter it illegally (exclusion cases), had no right to release. Judge Rambo found that the petitioners on the Golden Venture met the criteria for entry under the Immigration and Nationality Act and were therefore entitled to be released on bond. Chung v. Reno, 886 F.Supp. 1172 (M.D.Pa. 1995). The Third Circuit disagreed and reversed the grant of partial summary judgment. Yang v. Maugans, 68 F.3d 1540 (3rd Cir. 1995) Rehearing and suggestion for rehearing in banc was denied. Other subsequent summary judgment rulings were also ordered to be vacated by the Third Circuit in light of its opinion. You Yi Yang v. Maugans, 77 F.3d 466 (3rd Cir. 1996).

On March 13, 1996, the District Court issued its memorandum, holding that the petitioners were not entitled to an evidentiary hearing on their claim of political interference. The Court also determined that petitioners failed to present significant evidence on their equal protection claim - alleging that their asylum claims were adversely affected by their status as Golden Venture passengers. Yang v. Reno, 925 F.Supp. 320 (M.D.Pa. 1996).

The government then moved to dismiss all of the pending individual petitions for writs of habeas corpus. Judge Rambo denied the motion but ordered all petitioners, who believed that they had outstanding unresolved issues in their individual habeas petitions, to brief those issues. The PACER docket reflects various court action on individual petitions thereafter.

In October 1996, Judge Rambo stayed all proceedings on all habeas petitions in light of newly passed federal legislation, Section 601(a) of Illegal Immigration and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (IIRIRA). The Court ordered the petitioners' steering committee and the respondents to file case resolution proposals addressing the new law. After receiving the proposals and meeting with the parties, the Court remanded many of the petitioners' cases to Board of Immigration Appeals to reevaluate petitioners' claim for political asylum in light of IIRIRA.

From 1997 until the end of 2002, when the case was closed, the PACER docket reflects that the Court took various action on the individual petitions still pending before it.

Note that separate criminal proceedings were pursued against the snakeheads that smuggled the passengers of the Golden Venture. See e.g. United States v. Lee Peng Fei, 225 F.3d 167, 169-70 (2d Cir. 2000). News accounts reported that the lead smuggler Cheng Chui Ping, known as "the Mother of all Snakeheads," was captured abroad and eventually extradited to the U.S. were she was convicted for her involvement in the smuggling operation.

Dan Dalton - 12/29/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
General
Habeas Corpus
Immigration
Asylum - criteria
Asylum - procedure
Refugees
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), 8 U.S.C. ยงยง 1101 et seq.
Bivens
Defendant(s) Attorney General of the United States
United States Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS)
Plaintiff Description Several hundred Chinese undocumented aliens that were smuggled into the U.S. aboard the ship, the Golden Venture.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Mixed
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Unknown
Source of Relief Unknown
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 2002
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Threats to the Future of the Immigration Class Action
Washington University Journal of Law and Policy
By: Jill E. Family (Widener University School of Law)
Citation: 27 Wash. U. J.L. & Pol'y 71 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
1:93-cv-01702-SHR (M.D. Pa.) 12/13/2002
IM-PA-0005-9001.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
[Order] 01/05/1994 (852 F.Supp. 316) (M.D. Pa.)
IM-PA-0005-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion of the Court 05/05/1994 (24 F.3d 500)
IM-PA-0005-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum [Re: Protective Order] 10/17/1994 (157 F.R.D. 625) (M.D. Pa.)
IM-PA-0005-0006.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum [Re: Habeas Petition] 05/16/1995 (886 F.Supp. 1172) (M.D. Pa.)
IM-PA-0005-0004.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion of the Court 10/24/1995 (68 F.3d 1540)
IM-PA-0005-0005.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion [Re: Rehearing] 12/27/1995 (1995 U.S.App.LEXIS 37147)
IM-PA-0005-0008.pdf | LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Appellate Decision 01/04/1996 (77 F.3d 466)
IM-PA-0005-0007.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Memorandum 03/13/1996 (925 F.Supp. 320) (E.D. Pa.)
IM-PA-0005-0002.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judges Alito, Samuel A. Jr. (Third Circuit, SCOTUS)
IM-PA-0005-0008
Becker, Edward Roy (Third Circuit, E.D. Pa.)
IM-PA-0005-0008
Cowen, Arnold Wilson (Fed. Circuit, )
IM-PA-0005-0005 | IM-PA-0005-0008
Greenberg, Morton Ira (Third Circuit)
IM-PA-0005-0005 | IM-PA-0005-0008
Hutchinson, William D. (Third Circuit)
IM-PA-0005-0003
Lewis, Timothy K. (Third Circuit, W.D. Pa.)
IM-PA-0005-0008
Mansmann, Carol Los (Third Circuit, W.D. Pa.)
IM-PA-0005-0008
McKee, Theodore Alexander (Third Circuit)
IM-PA-0005-0008
Nygaard, Richard Lowell (Third Circuit)
IM-PA-0005-0008
Rambo, Sylvia H. (M.D. Pa.)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0004 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Rosenn, Max (Third Circuit)
IM-PA-0005-0003
Roth, Jane Richards (Third Circuit, D. Del.)
IM-PA-0005-0003 | IM-PA-0005-0008
Sarokin, H. Lee (Third Circuit, D.N.J.)
IM-PA-0005-0005 | IM-PA-0005-0008
Scirica, Anthony Joseph (Third Circuit, E.D. Pa.)
IM-PA-0005-0008
Sloviter, Dolores Korman (Third Circuit)
IM-PA-0005-0008
Stapleton, Walter King (Third Circuit, D. Del.)
IM-PA-0005-0008
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Adler, Enid H. (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Anderson, Carl J. (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Baird, Lisa A (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Bergere, Timothy J (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Bernstein, Martina (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Blake, Kurt A. (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0005 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Blynn, Terry Peyser (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Bortner, Michael (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Bricknell, Sarah M (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Butler, Patricia (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Carr, Ann (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0004 | IM-PA-0005-0005 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Cavadel, Joel (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Cheerath, Ram M (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-9001
Chen, Xiaomin (New York)
IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Chomsky, Judith Brown (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-9001
Cohen, Joshua D (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Cokely, E Paul (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Conner, Katherene Holtzinger (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Consevage, John B (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Converse, Stephen D (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Countess, Frank (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Crabbs, Muriel (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Crow, Edward L (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Donovan, Kevin M (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Dresdner, Cindi L (New York)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Dunlap, Hanna A (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Elliott, John R (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Ernico, Jeffrey A (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Garfinkle, Jill E (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-9001
Granbois, Katherine Pandelidis (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Grossman, Seth (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Haller, Anthony B (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Hess, Melvin H (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Hollinger, Linda (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-9001
Hom, Anthony J (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Ingersoll, Jared Ward (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Joseph, Willian F. (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-9001
Kitchenoff, Robert S (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0003 | IM-PA-0005-0005 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Krout, Michael Jay (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Law, Tsiwen M (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Lenahan, William D (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Lord, Gerald A (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Maisch, David J (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Marcus, Patricia R (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Markey, Gavin Wayne (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Matson, Jennifer H (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
McDougall, Mary A (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
McHale, Joseph (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
McLaughlin, Shawn P (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-9001
Morris, Helen (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Musselman, Judith (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Narehood, Vivian B (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Newbold, Arthur E IV (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-9001
Noreika, Gloriana (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
O'Shea, Thomas D (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Ogden, John M (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Oh, Emma L (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Pell, Daniel M (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Phillips, Sharon J (New York)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0003 | IM-PA-0005-0005 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Place, Thomas M (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Points, Beverly J (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0005 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Poole, William H Jr (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Porges, Robert E (New York)
IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Prendergast, Kathleen (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Rausch, Charles A (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Rayer, Frances (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0003 | IM-PA-0005-0005 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Reichow, Christopher William (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Rosenberg, Lory D. (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0003 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Selfe, Loura A (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Shertzer, Daniel H Jr (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Shimizu, Eileen (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Shultis, Timothy J (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Simon, Jessamyne M (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Southworth, James E (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-9001
Tarlow, Marc G (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Trappen, William J (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Trebilcock, Craig T (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0005 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Weinstein, David H (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0003 | IM-PA-0005-0005 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Wilson, Craig (New York)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Zampini, Melanie Albert (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Defendant's Lawyers Andre, John J (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0004 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Barasch, David M (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-0003
Bernal, David V. (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-9001
Bernstein, Jeffrey J (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Bondy, Thomas M. (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-0003
Cabral, Kristen A (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0004 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Cho, Susie (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-9001
Dawson, April Gordon (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Deutsch, Stewart (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Duffy, Edward J (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Ellison, Brenda (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-9001
Erb, William Campbell (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-9001
Filppu, Lauri Steven (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0004 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Friedman, Laura M. (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-9001
Fuller, Christopher C (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-9001
Funk, Stephen W. (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Gomez, Jane (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-9001
Grindler, Gary G (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-0005 | IM-PA-0005-0008
Hunger, Frank W. (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-0003
Hunolt, James A. (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Jones, Philemina McNeill (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0004 | IM-PA-0005-0005 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-0008 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Loebl, Leah (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Long, Robert Richard Jr (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0004 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Lopez-Wright, M Jocelyn (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-9001
Marlow, Kristal (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-9001
McConnell, David M. (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0004 | IM-PA-0005-0005 | IM-PA-0005-0008 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Mullane, Hugh (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-9001
Potuto, Tina (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-9001
Reyna, Nelda C. (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Schwartz, Norah Ascoli (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0004 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Shapiro, Alexander H (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0004 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Singer, Michael Jay (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-0003
Terz, Joseph J. (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0004 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Vu, Quynh (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-9001
Wernery, Linda S. (District of Columbia)
IM-PA-0005-9001
Other Lawyers Blanchard, Kathleen (Pennsylvania)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0005 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001
Quan, Gordon (Texas)
IM-PA-0005-0001 | IM-PA-0005-0002 | IM-PA-0005-0006 | IM-PA-0005-9001

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