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Case Name Buycks-Roberson v. Citibank Fed. Sav. Bank FH-IL-0011
Docket / Court 94 C 4094 ( N.D. Ill. )
State/Territory Illinois
Case Type(s) Fair Housing/Lending/Insurance
Case Summary
Plaintiffs filed their class action lawsuit on July 6, 1994, alleging that Citibank had engaged in redlining practices in the Chicago metropolitan area in violation of the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA), 15 U.S.C. 1691; the Fair Housing Act, 42 U.S.C. 3601-3619; the Thirteenth Amendment to the ... read more >
Plaintiffs filed their class action lawsuit on July 6, 1994, alleging that Citibank had engaged in redlining practices in the Chicago metropolitan area in violation of the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA), 15 U.S.C. 1691; the Fair Housing Act, 42 U.S.C. 3601-3619; the Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution; and 42 U.S.C. 1981, 1982. Plaintiffs alleged that the defendant-bank rejected loan applications of minority applicants while approving loan applications filed by white applicants with similar financial characteristics and credit histories. Plaintiffs sought injunctive relief, actual damages, and punitive damages.

This case has received a good deal of press and blogger attention because one of the plaintiffs' lawyers was Barack Obama, then just a couple of years out of law school.

U.S. District Court Judge Ruben Castillo certified the plaintiffs' suit as a class action on June 30, 1995. Buycks-Roberson v. Citibank Fed. Sav. Bank, 162 F.R.D. 322 (N.D. Ill. 1995). Also on June 30, Judge Castillo granted Plaintiffs' motion to compel discovery of a sample of Defendant-bank's loan application files. Buycks-Roberson v. Citibank Fed. Sav. Bank, 162 F.R.D. 338 (N.D. Ill. 1995).

The parties settled the case on May 12, 1998, with an agreement that provided for waiver of some fees for class members, should they reapply for a loan, and also for various procedures to ensure that Citibank followed its own loan policies in a race neutral way.

Andrew Nash - 06/02/2008


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Discrimination-area
Lending
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Race
Black
Causes of Action Fair Housing Act/Fair Housing Amendments Act (FHAA), 42 U.S.C. §§ 3601 et seq.
Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA), 15 U.S.C. § 1691
42 U.S.C. § 1982
42 U.S.C. § 1981
Defendant(s) Citibank Federal Savings Bank
Plaintiff Description All persons who are: African-American; and who applied for a first mortgage or refinance loan with Citibank for property located in Cook, DuPage, Lake or McHenry County, IL; and whose loan request was turned down between 7/6/92 and 12/31/95
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Damages
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1998 - n/a
Case Closing Year 1998
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies The Origins of Fair Lending Litigation
Written: Dec. 04, 2008
By: Andrew Nash (Washington University in St. Louis)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
1:94-cv-04094 (N.D. Ill.) 05/12/1998
FH-IL-0011-9000 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint 07/08/1994
FH-IL-0011-0001 PDF | Detail
Document Source: District Court
Amended Complaint 01/12/1995
FH-IL-0011-0002 PDF | Detail
Document Source: District Court
[Opinion re. discovery dispute] 06/29/1995 (162 F.R.D. 338) (N.D. Ill.)
FH-IL-0011-0004 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: District Court
[Opinion certifying class] 06/29/1995 (162 F.R.D. 322) (N.D. Ill.)
FH-IL-0011-0005 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: District Court
Second Amended Complaint 07/13/1995
FH-IL-0011-0003 PDF | Detail
Document Source: District Court
Transcript of Proceedings Before the Honorable Ruben Castillo 01/02/1998
FH-IL-0011-0006 PDF | Detail
Document Source: District Court
Settlement Agreement 01/16/1998
FH-IL-0011-0008 PDF | Detail
Document Source: District Court
Preliminary Approval Order, Notice of Pendency of Class Action, and Proposed Class Settlement and Hearing 03/16/1998
FH-IL-0011-0007 PDF | Detail
Document Source: District Court
Order 05/08/1998 (N.D. Ill.)
FH-IL-0011-0009 PDF | Detail
Document Source: District Court
Final Judgment and Order of Dismissal 05/13/1998
FH-IL-0011-0010 PDF | Detail
Document Source: District Court
Judges Castillo, Ruben (N.D. Ill.)
FH-IL-0011-0001 | FH-IL-0011-0002 | FH-IL-0011-0003 | FH-IL-0011-0004 | FH-IL-0011-0005 | FH-IL-0011-0006 | FH-IL-0011-0007 | FH-IL-0011-0008 | FH-IL-0011-0009 | FH-IL-0011-0010 | FH-IL-0011-9000
Lefkow, Joan Humphrey (N.D. Ill.)
FH-IL-0011-0002 | FH-IL-0011-0007 | FH-IL-0011-0008 | FH-IL-0011-0010
Monitors/Masters Bua, Nicholas John (Illinois)
FH-IL-0011-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Alexis, Hilary I. (Illinois)
FH-IL-0011-0001 | FH-IL-0011-0002 | FH-IL-0011-0003 | FH-IL-0011-9000
Childers, Michael Allen (Illinois)
FH-IL-0011-0001 | FH-IL-0011-9000
Clayton, Fay (Illinois)
FH-IL-0011-0001 | FH-IL-0011-0002 | FH-IL-0011-0003 | FH-IL-0011-0006 | FH-IL-0011-0007 | FH-IL-0011-0008 | FH-IL-0011-9000
Cummings, Jeffrey Irvine (Illinois)
FH-IL-0011-0003 | FH-IL-0011-9000
Love, Sara Norris (Virginia)
FH-IL-0011-0003 | FH-IL-0011-9000
Miner, Judson Hirsch (Illinois)
FH-IL-0011-0003 | FH-IL-0011-0006 | FH-IL-0011-0007 | FH-IL-0011-0008 | FH-IL-0011-9000
Obama, Barack H. (Illinois)
FH-IL-0011-9000
Wickert, John Henry (Illinois)
FH-IL-0011-0007 | FH-IL-0011-0008 | FH-IL-0011-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Kriss, Robert J. (Illinois)
FH-IL-0011-0002 | FH-IL-0011-0003 | FH-IL-0011-0008 | FH-IL-0011-9000
Nale, Lucia (Illinois)
FH-IL-0011-0006 | FH-IL-0011-0008 | FH-IL-0011-9000
Salpeter, Alan Norris (Illinois)
FH-IL-0011-0002 | FH-IL-0011-0003 | FH-IL-0011-0008 | FH-IL-0011-9000
Spiegel, Mary Ann (Illinois)
FH-IL-0011-0002 | FH-IL-0011-0003 | FH-IL-0011-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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